Civil War Relicman,
Harry Ridgeway.

Winchester, Virginia USA (changed hands 70 times in the Civil War!).

http://relicman.com/.

Ridgeway Civil War Library,.
Button.Backmark.Steele Johnsons.
Steele & Johnson, Waterbury Connecticut.

This is the "Ridgeway Civil War Library", a research tool for educational purposes only, and is provided at no cost to the reader. Some of the relics listed are retained in the author's collection, most reside in other collections and are not owned by the author. None of the items listed in this section are for sale, please refer to relicman.com sales listings for items offered for sale. This is a work in progress, I list items as I get to them, there are many patterns that are not listed yet, this list will be regularly updated as I get pictures and descriptions for more items. I will also correct mistakes, so if you see any please tell me. All items listed are believed to be authentic to the Civil War or as otherwise described. Any excavated relics have been recovered from private property with owners permission. This information is available for research purposes, pictures may be used by permission only.

Most information on this page is from Tice or Albert books, the pictures are generally from buttons analyzed by the author.

Steele & Johnson Manufacturing Co operated in the 1850s followed by Steele & Johnson Button Co from thelate 1850s to 1875. This maker was very active, but most buttons producedby them bore the names of the outfitters or nondescript quality denoted backmarks.

Steele Johnson.100, (23mm)
Backmark: "STEELE & JOHNSON / (dot)" rmdc on lined channel, ca 1850's, (Steele Johnson.100). Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 86, [Plate B-10, 1].

B5956 Massachusetts button, state seal arm and sword, officer staff, Steele & Johnson rmdc on lined field, (23mm)
Ref: Albert MS35, Tice MS210G2.

B6392 Virginia button, state seal Virtus slaying the tyrant, officer staff, Steele & Johnson rmdc, (22.8mm)

Ref: AlbertVA17, Tice VA252A2.
Collection of Larry Lichliter.


Steele Johnson.110, (23mm).
Backmark: "STEELE / (dot) (&) (dot) " JOHNSON (star) (dot)" rmdc on stippled channel, sloppy stamping, ca 1850's, (Steele Johnson.110). Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 86, [Plate B-10, 2].

B6571 Connecticut button, state seal grape vines transplanted, Smith Young New York, dm between rings, (23mm)
Ref: Albert CT13, TiceCT205C1.

B5999 Massachusetts button, state seal arm and sword, officer staff, Steele & Johnson rmdc on stippled field, (23.3mm)
Ref: Albert MS35, Tice MS210G1.

B7490...Pennsylvania regiment button, POLICE, "STEELE / (dot) (&) (dot) " JOHNSON (star) (dot)" rmdc, three part officer coat, 22mm
Backmark: "STEELE / (dot) (&) (dot) " JOHNSON (star) (dot)" rmdc on stippled channel, sloppy stamping, ca 1850's, (Steele.110).
Collection of Roger Young


Steele Johnson.120, (23mm).
Backmark:"STEELE & JOHNSON/ (star) (star) (star)" rmdc on stippled channel, sloppy stamping, ca 1850's, (Steele Johnson.120). Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 86, [Plate B-10, 6].

B6960. New York button, state seal, eagle over shield with "Excelsior", officer staff, Steele & Johnson, rmdc, (22.5mm).
Ref: Albert NY30, Tice NY220S1.


Steele Johnson.130, (23mm).
Backmark:"STEELE & JOHNSON/ (dot) (star) dot)" rmdc on stippled channel,sloppy stamping, attributed toSteele & Johnson Manufacturing Co. 1850s, (Steele Johnson.30). Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 86, [Plate B-10, 7].
Examples needed.


Steele Johnson.140, (20.7mm).
Backmark: "STEELE / & JOHNSON (star)" rmdc on stippled field, ca 1850's, (Steele Johnson.140). Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 86.

B4155 Federal dragoon button, eagle with "D", Steele & Johnson, rmdc, (20.7mm)
Ref: Albert DR4A8, variant, Tice DR215A40.

B6651. Federal rifleman button, eagle with "R", Steele & Johnson rmdc, (20.8mm).
Ref: Albert RF17/19, Tice RF212/215.


Steele Johnson.150, (14.5mm).
Backmark: "STEELE & JOHNSON / (dot)" rmdc on mottled channel, sloppy stamping, ca 1850s, only used in hat or sleeve size, (Steele Johnson.150). Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 86, [Plate B-10, 3].

B5827 Kentucky button, state seal two figures shaking hands, officer staff, Steele & Johnson rmdc, (15mm)
Ref: Albert KY1, not listed, Tice KY200Fs1.

B5784 New York button, state seal, eagle over shield with "Excelsior", officer staff, Steele & Johnson, rmdc, (14.5mm)
Ref: Albert NY30, Tice NY220Ss1.1.


Steele Johnson.160, (23mm).
Backmark:"STEELE & JOHNSON/ (star) 1861 (star) " rmdc on stippled channel,sloppy stamping, attributed toSteele & Johnson Manufacturing Co. 1850s, (Steele Johnson.130). Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 86, [Plate B-10, 10].
Examples needed.


Steele Johnson.200, (21mm to 23mm).
Backmark: "STEELE. / & JOHNSON. & " dm between two rings, ca 1850's to 1860's, (Steele Johnson.200). Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 86, [Plate B-10, 8].

B4156 Federal infantry button, eagle with "A", Steele & Johnson dm between rings, (22.3mm)
Ref: Albert AY78 / 79, Tice AY215A74.

B6947...Federal infantry button, eagle with "I", "STEELE. / & JOHNSON. & " dm between two rings, convex two part large coat size, (22mm)
Button depicts eagle facing right with "I" in the shield, generally for infantry officers. Backmark: "STEELE. / & JOHNSON. & " dm between two rings, ca 1850's to 1860's, (Steele.200). Two part convex button, large coat size.
1..Ref: Albert GI85 or GI88, Tice GI21594. Die pattern, eagle wings are neat and symmetrical, tail with 5 feathers are nearly equal in length, shield has a relatively high point at the top.

Nondug button.

B4132...Federal infantry button, eagle with "I", "STEELE. / & JOHNSON. & " dm between two rings, convex two part large coat size, (22mm)
Button depicts eagle facing right with "I" in the shield, generally for infantry officers. Backmark: "STEELE. / & JOHNSON. & " dm between two rings, ca 1850's to 1860's, (Steele.200). Two part convex button, large coat size.
2..Ref: Albert GI85 or GI88, Tice GI21594. Die pattern, eagle wings are ruffled, tail with 5 feathers are nearly equal in length, shield has a relatively low point at the top.

Nondug button is silvered.

B5350...Federal cavalry button, eagle with "C", "STEELE. / & JOHNSON. & " dm, (22.5mm). Button depicts eagle facing right with "C" in the shield, generally for cavalry officers. Backmark: "STEELE. / & JOHNSON. & " dm between two rings, ca 1850's to 1860's, (Steele Johnson.200). Two part convex button, coat size.
Button.1.Federal.30.Cavalry.Steele Johnson.200., (22.5mm) Reference: Albert CV1, Tice CV215.

Nondug button.


Steele Johnson.210, (22mm).
Backmark: "STEELE / (star) & (star) JOHNSON (star) & (star)" dm between two rings of dots, ca 1850s to 1860s, (Steele Johnson.210). Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 86, [Plate B-10, 11].

B4098 Federal officer staff button, eagle with shield, Steele & Johnson dm between rings, (22mm)
Ref: Albert GS, Tice GS226A21, with correction.

B5789 New York button, state seal, eagle over shield with "Excelsior", officer staff, Steele & Johnson, dm between rings, (22mm)
Ref: Albert NY30, Tice NY220O1.

B5745 Pennsylvania button, National Guard "NG", officer staff, Steele & Johnson, (22mm)
Ref: Albert PA38 not listed, Tice PA220, not listed.


Steele Johnson.220,(14mm)
Backmark: "STEELE & JOHNSON / (dot) " dm, sloppy stamping, ca 1860s, only used in small size, (Steele Johnson.200). Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 86, [Plate B-10, 9].

B5581 Pennsylvania button, National Guard "NG", Steele & Johnson dm, (13.8mm)
Ref: Albert PA39 not listed, Tice PA223Bs2.


Steele Johnson.230, (23mm).
Backmark:"S & J (dot) (dot) WATERBURY / (dot) " dm between two siolid rings, Steele & Johnson Manufacturing Co. 1860s, (Steele Johnson.230). Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 86, [Plate B-10, 13].
Examples needed.


Steele Johnson.240, (22mm).
Backmark: "STEELE & JOHNSON / : " dm, between two solid rings, ca 1860, (Steele Johnson.240). Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 86.

B5920 Virginia button, state seal Virtus with sword down, Steele & Johnson, (22.5mm)
Ref: Albert VA16, not listed, Tice VA230A not listed.


Steele Johnson.250, (21mm).
Backmark: "STEELE (dot) & (dot) JOHNSON/ (dot) " dm inner ring of dots, outer solid ring, ca 1860s, (Steele Johnson.250). Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 86, [Plate B-10, 14].

B5109...Federal infantry button, eagle with "I", " STEELE (dot) & (dot) JOHNSON/ (dot) " dm, convex two part coat size, (20mm)
Button depicts eagle facing right with "I" in the shield, generally for infantry officers. Backmark: " STEELE (dot) & (dot) JOHNSON/ (dot) " dm inner ring of dots, outer solid ring, ca 1860s, (Steele.250). Two part convex button, coat size.
1...Ref: Albert GI85 or GI88, Tice GI215, not listed. Die pattern, eagle wings are neat and symmetrical, tail with 5 feathers are nearly equal in length, shield is not symmetrical.

Nondug button.


Steele Johnson.251, (14mm).
Backmark: "STEELE & JOHNSON/ (dot) " dm inner solid ring, no outer ring, ca 1860s, (Steele Johnson.251). Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 86.

B2376...Federal infantry button, eagle with "I", " STEELE (dot) & (dot) JOHNSON/ (dot) " dm, convex two part hat or sleeve size, (14mm)
Button depicts eagle facing right with "I" in the shield, generally for infantry officers. Backmark: "STEELE & JOHNSON/ (dot) " dm inner solid ring, no outer ring, ca 1860s, (Steele.251). Two part convex button, hat or sleeve size.
1..Ref: Albert GI85 or GI88, Tice GI215, not listed. Die pattern, eagle wings are neat and symmetrical, tail with 5 feathers are nearly equal in length, shield is not symmetrical.

Dug button. Recovered: Virginia Peninsula campaign.


Steele Johnson.260, (20mm).
Backmark: "STEELE & JOHNSON / (dot) " dm between solid rings, (Steele Johnson.260). Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 86.
B6912...Federal general service button, eagle with shield, "STEELE & JOHNSON / (dot) " dm, (20mm). Button depicts eagle facing right with patriotic shield, generally intended for enlisted troops and were widely used by both sides including state units. Backmark: "STEELE & JOHNSON / (dot) " dm between solid rings, (Steele Johnson.260). Two part convex button, coat size.
Button.1.Federal.15.general service.Steele Johnson.260. Reference: Albert GI94, Tice GEN215.

Nondug button.


Steele Johnson.300, (15mm).
Backmark: "STEELE & JOHNSON / (star) " dm no rings, depressed area for shank, small size only, manufactured after the Civil War, (Steele Johnson.300). Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 86.

B5105 National Home Disabled Solders & Veterans button, post war, Steele & Johnson, (15mm)
Ref: Veteran button., manufactured after the Civil War.


Steele Johnson.310, (23mm).
Backmark: "STEELE & JOHNSON / (WATERBURY CT) " dm between rings, lettering is plain without serifs, manufactured after the Civil War, (Steele Johnson.310). Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 86.

B6322 New York button, state seal, eagle over shield with "Excelsior", officer staff, Steele & Johnson, (Waterbury CT), dm, (22.9mm)
Ref: Albert NY30, Tice NY220T1. Manufactured after the Civil War.