Ridgeway Civil War Research Center,
A virtual examination of artifacts of the American Civil War

Civil War Buttons

by Harry Ridgeway


More Button backmarks, PAGE2.
Research center, button backmarks, click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9900-Backmark-Index-PAGE2.html.




Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-ReedJacob
Jacob Reed operated Philadelphia from 1820's to 20th century. All buttons bearing their name were produced after the Civil War.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-ReedJacob000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-RichColor
Rich Color, was a generic or trademark backmarks denoting quality, maker not determined.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-RichColor000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Button9901-Backmark-RichGiltRM
Rich Gilt RM, "Rich Gilt" is a trademark or quality denoted mark. "RM" may be Richard May, who operated London England 1830 to 1858. Attribution to this maker is tentative.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-RichGiltRM000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-RichGoldColor
Rich Gold Color, was a generic or trademark backmarks denoting quality, maker not determined.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-RichGoldColor000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-RichOrangeGilt
Rich Orange Gilt, was a generic or trademark backmarks denoting quality, maker not determined.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-RichOrangeGilt000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-RichQualityLondon
Rich Quality London, was a generic or trademark backmarks denoting quality, maker not determined.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-RichQualityLondon000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-RichStandard
Rich Standard, was a generic or trademark backmarks denoting quality, maker not determined.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-RichStandard000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-RichTrebleGilt
Rich Treble Gilt, was a generic or trademark backmarks denoting quality, maker not determined.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-RichTrebleGilt000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Ridabock
Ridabock & Co New York operated after the Civil War from 1883 to 1975.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-Ridabock000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-RivetedSolderd
"Rivet'd & Solder'd" backmarks are believed to have been the marks of Prussian manufacturer Schnitzler & Kirschbaum, operating in Birmingham England. They supplied buttons to the south through the blockade.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-RivetedSolderd000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Robinson
Robinson companies operated in various forms, 1813 to 1848, when it was taken over by D Evans.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-Robinson000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-RouyerC
Casimir Rouyer was an watch maker operating out of New Orleans. The backmarks are usually blank or weakly struck.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-RouyerC000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Rowley
Charles Rowley was a small English producer, manufacturing a limited offering of Confederate buttons.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-Rowley000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-SchurBland
Schur & Bland, (Bernard D Schur) operated inCharleston South Carolina during the war.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-SchurBland000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Schuyler
Schuyler, Hartley, and Graham were partners engaged in the military goods service from 1854 to the 1880s. Their 1864 catalog illustrated many of their goods available. They did not actually produce the buttons, most of the major manufacturers produced buttons for Schuyler.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-Schuyler000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Scovill
Scovill was by far the most dominant of the Civil War era button manufacturers.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-Scovill000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-SilveredSurfaceWarranted
Silvered Surface Warranted, generic or trademark backmark, maker is not determined.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-SilveredSurfaceWarranted000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-SimmonsGW
George W Simmons & Co operated in Boston from 1830's to 1896, all buttons bearing his name were manufactured after the Civil War.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-SimmonsGW000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-SmithJS
James S Smith & Co New York.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-SmithJS000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-SmithKempWright
Smith Kemp Wright, Birmingham England.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-SmithKempWright000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-SmithWH
William H. Smith operated generally from the 1830s to around 1858. W H Smith was an outfitter, buttons were generally made by Scovill and distributed before the war to both northern and southern purchasers including the Federal government.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-SmithWH000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-SmithYoung
Smith Young & Company operated in New York from approximately 1830 to around 1858. Backmarks from the partnership generally bear both names but in either order. W H Smith also sold buttons bearing his name solely.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-SmithYoung000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-SnellenbergN
Nathan Snellenberg operated after the Civil War from 1868 to 1920's.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-SnellenbergN000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-SpiesAW
Adam W Spies immigrated from Birmingham England in the late 1820's and sold buttons in New York until about 1835. The buttons were probably made in England.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-SpiesAW000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-StandardColourTrebleGilt
Standard Colour Treble Gilt, generic or trademark backmarks denoting quality, maker not determined.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-StandardColourTrebleGilt000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Starkey
Josh Starkey and Samuel Starkey provided buttons to the Federal Navy, and operated in England.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-Starkey000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-StateArsenal
State Arsenal Pennsylvania was a custom backmark used by the Pennsylvania state arsenal after the Civil War.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-StateArsenal000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-SteeleJohnson
Steele & Johnson Manufacturing Co operated in the 1850s followed by Steele & Johnson Button Co from thelate 1850s to 1875. This maker was very active, but most buttons producedby them bore the names of the outfitters or nondescript quality denoted backmarks.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-SteeleJohnson000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-SuperbImperialStandard
Superb Imperial Standard, a generic or trademark backmark, maker not determined.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-SuperbImperialStandard000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-SuperExtraStrongStandard
Super Extra Strong Standard is generic or trademark backmark, maker not determined.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-SuperExtraStrongStandard000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-SuperfineColour
Supefine Colour is generic or trademark backmark, maker not determined.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-SuperfineColour000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-SuperfineGoldPlated
Superfine Gold Plated, a trademark backmark, manufactured by Waterbury Button Co, likely ca 1870's.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-SuperfineGoldPlated000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-SuperfinParis
Superfin Paris, a generic or trademark backmark, this is believed to have been manufactured by Scovill.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-SuperfinParis000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-SuperiorPlated
Superior Plated is generic or trademark backmark, maker not determined.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-SuperiorPlated000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-SuperiorQuality
Superior Quality is a generic or trade mark backmark, makers not determined.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-SuperiorQuality000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-SuperiorQualityEnglish
Superior Quality is a generic or trade mark backmark, this one is English manufacture.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-SuperiorQualityEnglish000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-SuperiorQualitySteeleJohnson
Superior Quality is a generic or trade mark backmark, this one is believed to have been by Steele & Johnson.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-SuperiorQualitySteeleJohnson000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-SuperiorStrongPlated
Superior Srong Plated is generic or trademark backmark, maker not determined.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-SuperiorStrongPlated000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-TaitP
P Tait & Company, Limerick Ireland is best known for its patented floating shank backs.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-TaitP000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Tiffany
Tiffany, operated New York 1852 to present. This company is well known for artistic metal working, which included a limited offering of miltary buttons around the Civil War.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-Tiffany000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-TrebleGilt
Treble Gilt, generic or trademark backmarks denoting quality, maker not determined.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-TrebleGilt000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-TrebleGiltOrange
Treble Gilt Orange, generic or trademark backmarks denoting quality, maker not determined.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-TrebleGiltOrange000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-TrebleGiltOrangeColour
Treble Gilt Orange Colour, generic or trademark backmarks denoting quality, maker not determined.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-TrebleGiltOrangeColour000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-TrebleGiltRichOrange
Treble Gilt Rich Orange, generic or trademark backmarks denoting quality, maker not determined.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-TrebleGiltRichOrange000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-TrebleGiltStandardColour
Treble Gilt Standard Colour, generic or trademark backmarks denoting quality, maker not determined.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-TrebleGiltStandardColour000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-TreblePlated
Treble Plated, generic or trademark backmarks denoting quality, maker not determined.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-TreblePlated000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-TreblePlatedLondon
Treble Plated London, generic or trademark backmarks denoting quality, maker not determined.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-TreblePlatedLondon000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-TrebleRichStandard
Treble Rich Standard, generic or trademark denoting quality, English manufacture for the Confederacy.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-TrebleRichStandard000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-TrebleStandard
Treble Standard, generic or trademark denoting quality.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-TrebleStandard000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-TrebleStandardExtraRich
Treble Standard Extra Rich, generic or trademark denoting quality, English manufacture for the Confederacy.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-TrebleStandardExtraRich000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-TrelonWeldonWeil
Trelon, Weldon et Weil, operated in Paris France after 1844.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-TrelonWeldonWeil000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-UnitedStates
"United States" backmarks were custom backmarks used on 1830s buttons, manufactured for the Federal government.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-UnitedStates000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-VanWart
Van Wart Son & Co was an English manufacturer operating from the 1820's.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-VanWart000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Wadhams
Wadhams, Wolcottville, Connecticut, (now Torrington), operated various partnerships 1830's and 1840's.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-Wadhams000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-WallisWilliam
William Wallis, Birmingham England, operated 1790 to 1830's.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-WallisWilliam000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Walton
Walton Brothers operated in New York from 1858 to beyond the Civil War.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-Walton000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-WarrantedBestQuality
Warranted Best Quality, generic or trademark, maker not determined.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-WarrantedBestQuality000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-WarrantedDoublePlated
Warranted Double Plated, generic or trademark, maker not determined.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-WarrantedDoublePlated000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-WarrantedRichOrange
Warranted Rich Orange, generic or trademark, maker not determined.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-WarrantedRichOrange000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-WarrantedRichTreble
Warranted Rich Treble, generic or trademark, maker likely R & W Robinson.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-WarrantedRichTreble000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-WarrantedSuperior
Warranted Superior, generic or trademark, maker not determined.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-WarrantedSuperior000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-WarrantedTreblePlated
Warranted Treble Plated, generic or trademark, maker not determined.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-WarrantedTreblePlated000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-WaterburyButtonCo
Waterbury Button Co. began producing buttons under its own name in 1849 and is the only Civil War button producer operating today. WBC did not produce any buttons for any of the southern states before the war or for the Confederacy, but they did produce large quantities for the north.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-WaterburyButtonCo000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Webb
C. Webb operated in London England.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-Webb000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-WeldonCharlesJeremiah
Charles & Jeremiah Weldon, London.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-WeldonCharlesJeremiah000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-WendlingerC
Casper Wendlinger operated during the Civil War, but most of his buttons are definite post war. However there are some backmarks that may be period.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-WendlingerC000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-WildtW
William Wildt was listed as a jeweler in Richmond Va from 1852 until well after the Civil War. One of his sons, Julia Wildt, moved to Columbia SC and partnered with a German named "Klein". Not enough is known about these producers, the shop in Columbia was burned during the war. It is not entirely clear whether buttons were produced at both locations or if the button making was subcontracted with another producer.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-WildtW000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-WilliamsWR
William R Williams, operated New York, NY, 1840's.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-WilliamsWR000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-WilsonJH000
James H Wilson, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, operated 1870's to around 1900.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-WilsonJH000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-WiseBielbyHyde
Wise Bielby Hyde & Co is an English producer operating in Birmingham 1818 to 1825.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-WiseBielbyHyde000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-YoungSmith
Young, Smith & Company operated in New York from approximately 1830 to around 1858. Backmarks from the partnership generally bear both names but in either order. W H Smith also sold buttons bearing his name solely.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-YoungSmith000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-blankEnglishManufacture
Blank backs, (no text), English manufacture.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-zblankEnglishManufacture000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-blankFlatPre1830Manufacture
Blank backs, (no text), flat buttons, pre 1830 US manufacture.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-zblankFlatPre1830Manufacture.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-blankNoText
Blank backs, (no text), northern USA manufacture.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-zblankNoText000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-blankSouthernManufacture
Blank backs, (no text), southern manufacture. Many of the "local" buttons produced in the many shops of the south employed backs that were unmarked. There are many distinct variations of the unmarked backs and these details of construction will offer clues as to their origins

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-zblankSouthernManufacture000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-FieldManufacture
Buttons, field manufactured, camp art, or made or altered from other products.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-zzFieldManufacture.html.

This is the "Ridgeway Civil War Research Center", a research tool for educational purposes only, and is provided at no cost to the reader. Some of the relics listed are retained in the author's collection, most reside in other collections and are not owned by the author. None of the items listed in this section are for sale, please refer to relicman.com sales listings for items offered for sale. This is a work in progress, I list items as I get to them, there are many patterns that are not listed yet, this list will be regularly updated as I get pictures and descriptions for more items. I will also correct mistakes, so if you see any please tell me. All items listed are believed to be authentic to the Civil War or as otherwise described. Any excavated relics have been recovered from private property with owners permission. This information is available for research purposes, pictures may be used by permission only.

Most information on this page is from:
Uniform Buttons of the United States 1776 - 1865, by Warren K.Tice.
Dating buttons; A Chronology of Button Types, Makers, Retailers & Their Backmarks, by Warren K. Tice.
Directory of American Military Goods Dealers & Makers, by Bruce S. Bazelon and William F. Guinn.
Record of American Uniform and Historical Buttons, Bicentennial Edition, by Alphaeus H. Albert.
Pictures are generally by the author, unless otherwise indicated
.


Ridgeway Civil War Research Center,
A virtual examination of artifacts of the American Civil War
Buttons
Research center, buttons, click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button0000-Index.html.

Research center, buttons, click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button0000-Index.html.

Ridgeway Civil War Research Center,
A virtual examination of artifacts of the American Civil War
Button backmarks.
Research center, button backmarks, click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9900-Backmark-Index.html.

Research center, button backmarks, click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9900-Backmark-Index.html.


and now a word from our sponsor.....

Civil War Relicman, Harry Ridgeway,
Civil War buttons, Relicman sales catalog.
Click here, buttons for sale: http://relicman.com/buttons/RelicmanSalesButton1.html.

Sale listings, click: http://relicman.com/buttons/RelicmanSalesButton1.html.