Ridgeway Civil War Research Center,
A virtual examination of artifacts of the American Civil War

Civil War Buttons

by Harry Ridgeway


Ridgeway Civil War Research Center,
A virtual examination of artifacts of the American Civil War
Button backmarks.
Research center, button backmarks, click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9900-Backmark-Index.html.

Research center, button backmarks, click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9900-Backmark-Index.html.


This is the "Ridgeway Civil War Library", a research tool for educational purposes only, and is provided at no cost to the reader. Some of the relics listed are retained in the author's collection, most reside in other collections and are not owned by the author. None of the items listed in this section are for sale, please refer to relicman.com sales listings for items offered for sale. This is a work in progress, I list items as I get to them, there are many patterns that are not listed yet, this list will be regularly updated as I get pictures and descriptions for more items. I will also correct mistakes, so if you see any please tell me. All items listed are believed to be authentic to the Civil War or as otherwise described. Any excavated relics have been recovered from private property with owners permission. This information is available for research purposes, pictures may be used by permission only.

Most information on this page is from:
Uniform Buttons of the United States 1776 - 1865, by Warren K.Tice.
Dating buttons; A Chronology of Button Types, Makers, Retailers & Their Backmarks, by Warren K. Tice.
Directory of American Military Goods Dealers & Makers, by Bruce S. Bazelon and William F. Guinn.
Record of American Uniform and Historical Buttons, Bicentennial Edition, by Alphaeus H. Albert.
Pictures are generally by the author, unless otherwise indicated
.


I am compiling this list of backmarks, as a service for the button collector. As I get good pictures of the backs of buttons (generally from buttons as I have them to list on my website) I am cataloging them more or less according to "Dating Buttons, A Chronology of Button Types, Makers, Retailers & Their Backmarks" by Warren K. Tice. This is meant to be a supplement to that work by photographing the backmarks not pictured in that book, and development of a numbering system. You will still need to refer to that work as there is much information in it that I do not intend to cover in this reference.

It is my intention to photograph and publish (eventually) all of the backs that I get but I will do it piecemeal as I get them so here is a start. My numbering system will reference Tice book, my scheme is alphabetical according to what is seen on the backmarks. So for example, I will list Scovill backs under "S", Extra Quality under "E", even though both may have been listed by Tice under Scovill.

I make no warranties or guarantees whatsoever of any of the data contained in this reference of backmarks, this is a compilation of information only and is provided as a reference tool available for button research. However, if you find that I have made mistakes, please tell me about them and I will make corrections, that is a major advantage of this internet media versus the print media, I can add things and make corrections as we go, I don't have to wait till I have it all to publish any of it.


Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-AcermanMixer
Acerman & Mixer were outfitters operating in New York. Buttons were produced probably by Scovill.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-AcermanMixer000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-AmericanButton
American Button Co operated Newark New Jersey early 20th century. All buttons bearing their name were produced well after the Civil War.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-AmericanButton000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Armitage
George Armitage was early producer, 1820's, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-Armitage000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Baldwin
H E Baldwin operated, 1835 to 1852, New Orleans and Newark NJ.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-Baldwin000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-BellenotC
Charles, Bellenot was an engraver and die maker operating out of New Orleans. The backmarks are usually blank or weakly struck.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-BellenotC000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Benedict
Benedict & Burnham operated 1830's to 1849. Buttons of this period are noted for very high quality and they produced a lot of Civilian buttons. After 1849, buttons were produced by Waterbury Button Co

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-Benedict000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-BestMercury
Best Mercury, generic or trademark backmark, manufacture not detemined.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-BestMercury000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-BestPlated
Best Plated, generic or trademark backmark, manufacture not determined.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-BestPlated000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-BestPlatedLondon
Best Plated, generic or trademark backmark, manufacture not determined.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-BestPlatedLondon000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-BestQuality
Best Quality, generic or trademark backmark, manufacture not detemined.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-BestQuality000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-BestQualityLondon
Best Quality, generic or trademark backmark, manufacture not detemined.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-BestQualityLondon000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Boggett
George Boggett is listed as operating at 50 St. Martins Lane in London, 1826 to 1843.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-Boggett000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-BoylanJohn
John F Boylan operated late 1860's to early 1900's.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-BoylanJohn000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-BuckleyS
Samuel Buckley & Co, Birmingham England.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-BuckleyS000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-CampbellSIsaacs
S. Isaacs Campbell was a military goods supplier operating in London England before the war. They supplied substantial supplies to the Confederacy, smuggled through the blockade. The buttons are believed to have been made by Smith Kemp Wright.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-CampbellSIsaacs000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Canfield
Canfield brothers, located in Baltimore Maryland were outfitters operating before the Civil War, supplying uniforms both North and South.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-Canfield000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Chatwin
John Chatwin & Sons was a small English producer, manufacturing a limited offering of Confederate buttons.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-Chatwin000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-CohnHerman
Herman Cohn Brooklyn New York.operated after the Civil War around 1900.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-CohnHerman000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-CordierFreres
Henry Cordier et Antione operated in Paris.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-CordierFreres000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-CourtneyTennent
Courtney & Tennent was a military goods dealer operating in Charleston SC, buttons were produced in England.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-CourtneyTennent000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Crumpton
William Crumpton is believed to have immigarated in the 1780's, and eventually set up a button making operation in Philadelphia during the early 1800's.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-Crumpton000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-CullenBrown
Cullen Brown, located in Detroit Michigan were outfitters operating from 1846 to the late 1860's.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-CullenBrown000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-DaleThomasN
Thomas N. Dale was a retailer operating in New York from 1840 to beyond the Civil War.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-DaleThomasN000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-DelarueJohn
John Delarue New Orleans is listed in Bazelon as a jeweler 1811 to 1824. Buttons are high quality.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-DelarueJohn000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Devlin
Devlin & Co operated New York from 1843 to 20th century. All buttons bearing their name were produced after the Civil War.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-Devlin.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-DoubleGilt
Double Gilt, generic or trademark backmark denoting quality, producer is not determined.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-DoubleGilt000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-DowlerW
W H Dowler operated out of Birmingham England and produced buttons, smuggled through the blockade..

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-DowlerW000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-ELE
E.L.E. is probably an English outfitter.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-ELE000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-EvansD
D Evans took over the bankrupt R & W Robinson company ca 1848. They continued to use many of the Robinson dies and backs well into the 1850's and produced backmarks with their own name, 1850's and 1860's.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-EvansD000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-EvansHassall
Evans and Hassall, Philadelphia.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-EvansHassall000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Extra
Extra....generic or trademark backmark, other manufacture, not determined.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-Extra000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-ExtraFineGilt
ExtraFineGilt, generic or trademark backmark denoting quality, producer is not determined.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-ExtraFineGilt000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-ExtraGilt
Extra Gilt, generic or trademark backmark denoting quality, producer is not determined.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-ExtraGilt000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-ExtraGoldQuality
Extra Gold Quality, generic or trademark backmark, English Manufacture, producer is not determined.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-ExtraGoldQuality000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-ExtraPlate
Extra Plate, generic or trademark backmark denoting quality, producer is not determined.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-ExtraPlate000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-ExtraPlatedSuperior
Extra Plated Superior, generic or trademark backmark, ca 1830s, maker not determined.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-ExtraPlatedSuperior000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-ExtraQualityScovill
Extra Quality, generic or trademark backmark denoting quality, manufacture by Scovill.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-ExtraQualityScovill000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-ExtraQualitySteeleJohnson
Extra Quality, generic or trademark backmark, Steele & Johnson manufacture.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-ExtraQualitySteeleJohnson000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-ExtraQualityWaterburyButton
Extra Quality, generic or trademark backmark, likely manufactured by Waterbury Button Co.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-ExtraQualityWaterburyButton000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-ExtraRich
Extra Rich, generic or trademark backmark denoting quality, producer is not determined.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-ExtraRich000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-ExtraRichScovill
Extra Rich, generic or trademark backmark, Scovill manufacture.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-ExtraRichScovill000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-ExtraRichSteeleJohnson
Extra Rich, generic or trademark backmark, manufacture not determined, may be Steele & Johnson.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-ExtraRichSteeleJohnson000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-ExtraRichTrebleGilt
Extra Rich Treble Gilt, generic or trademark backmark, English manufacture not determined.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-ExtraRichTrebleGilt000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-ExtraStrong
Extra Strong, generic or trademark backmark denoting quality, producer is not determined.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-ExtraStrong000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-ExtraStrongPlated
Extra Strong Plated, generic or trademark backmark denoting quality, producer is not determined.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-ExtraStrongPlated000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-ExtraSuperb
Extra Superb, generic or trademark backmark, manufactured by an English producer.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-ExtraSuperb000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-FineGilt
Fine Gilt, generic or trademark backmark, likely manufacture by Steele & Johnson.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-FineGilt000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-FineGoldPlate
Fine Gold Plate, generic or trademark backmark, likely manufacture by Steele & Johnson.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-FineGoldPlate000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-FineQuality
Fine Quality, generic or trademark backmark.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-FineQuality000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Firmin
Firmin & Sons operated in London England from the 17th century and continue to operate today.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-Firmin000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-FitchWaldo
James P Fitch began military goods business in 1862, and formed a partnership with Howard Waldo in 1863.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-FitchWaldo000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-FloydGeorge
George Floyd Philadelphia, operating in the 1840's.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-FloydGeorge000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Fraser
John Fraser, New York.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-Fraser100.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Gilt
Gilt, generic or trademark backmark denoting quality, producer is not determined.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-Gilt000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-GminderJacob
Jacob Gminder operated during the Civil War, yet most of his buttons were supplied after reconstruction.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-GminderJacob000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Goddard
Goddard & Brothers, Newark New Jersey. Goddard was an outfitter, most buttons were made by Scovill.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-Goddard000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-GoldsboroRifles
Goldsboro Rifles was a North Carolina unit, Scovill originall manufactured a custom backmark for them, but later used the back on other buttons.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-GoldsboroRifles000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Goodwins
Goodwins operated after the Civil War.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-Goodwins000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-GourdinCie
Gourdin et Cie was a French maker of high quality buttons. Most buttons supplied to the American Civil War were Naval.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-GourdinCie000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Guiterman
Guiterman & Bro was a custom retailer supplying the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor Michigan.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-Guiterman000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-HalfmannE
Ethelbert Halfmann was a clothier operating from Montgomery Alabama before the war, buttons were supplied by Scovill.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-HalfmannE000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-HalfmannTaylor
Halfmann & Taylor, Montgomery Alabama, buttons were produced in England and smuggled through the blockade.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-HalfmannTaylor000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-HammondTurnerBates
Hammond Turner & Bates, was a military goods supplier operating out of Manchester England, producing supplies for the Confederacy.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-HammondTurnerBates000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-HammondTurnerDickinson
Hammond, Turner & Dickinson, Birmingham England, operated 1790 to 1820's.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-HammondTurnerDickinson000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-HarperHC
Henry C Harper operated Philadeplphia late 19th century. All buttons bearing their name were produced after the Civil War.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-HarperHC000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-HassamFK
Frederick K Hassam operated Boston Massachusetts 1845 to the end of the Civil War.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-HassamFK000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Hebbert
Hebbert Co. London, England.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-Hebbert000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann
Horstmann companies, Philadephhia was a major manufacturer of uniforms and other equipment. The buttons were subcontracted with many of the other button manufacturers.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-HydeGoodrich
Hyde & Goodrich were partners operating in New Orleans supplying military goods to a number of states in the deep south.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-HydeGoodrich000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-ImperialOrangeGilt
Imperial Orange Gilt, generic or trademark, manufacturer not determined.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-ImperialOrangeGilt000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-ImperialQuality
Imperial Quality, generic or trademark, manufacturer not determined.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-ImperialQuality000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-ImperialRichGilt
Imperial Rich Gilt, generic or trademark, manufacturer not determined.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-ImperialRichGilt000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-ImperialStandard
Imperial Standard, generic or trademark, manufacturer not determined.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-ImperialStandard000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-IndependentCadets
Independent Cadets, Vermont militia unit, Artillery.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-IndependentCadets000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-IvesScott
Abrose Ives, Heman Scott, and Green Kendrick, Ives, Scott & Company, Waterbury Connecticut, operated 1834 to 1836.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-IvesScott000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Jennens
Charles Jennens was a button maker operating in London England in the 19th century. Most buttons produced by this maker were non military.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-Jennens000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-JonesWH
W H Jones & Co operated in Waterbury Connecticut for a short time, 1835 to 1840.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-JonesWH000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Kendrick
Ives and Kendrick operated Waterville Connecticut 1836 to 1847.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-Kendrick000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-KentPaine
Kent Paine was an outfitter supply uniforms to Virginia and North Carolina. Their buttons were made by Scovill.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-KentPaine000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-LambertMast
Lambert & Mast was a small producer operating in Philadephia before and during the Civil War.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-LambertMast000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Leavenworth
Leavenworth operated various partnerships, 1811 to 1849.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-Leavenworth000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-LewisEM
E M Lewis started out as a stencil maker in Richmond Va, then sold buttons during the war.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-LewisEM000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-LewisTomes
Edward Lewis was a London England producer, apparently formed a partnership with Francis Tomes operating in New York starting 1819. Tomes then operated under various names and making a variety of military goods through the Civil War.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-LewisTomes000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-LillyMC
M. C. Lilly & Co. Columbus, Ohio , manufactured 1870's or later.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-LillyMC000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-LondonQuality
London Quality, buttons were produced by John Chatwin for the Confederacy, a small English manufacturer.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-LondonQuality000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Loud
Loud, London, English manufacturer.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-Loud000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-MacularWilliamsParker
Addiston Macullar, George Williams, & Charles Parker were a retailer operating in Boston from 1851 to past the Civil War.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-MacularWilliamsParker000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-MannJ
Joseph Mann was English producer operating Birmingham 1800 to 1843.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-MannJ000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-MayRichard
Richard May operated London England 1830 to 1858. Attribution to this maker is tentative.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-MayRichard000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-MeyerNS
Nathan S Meyer operated New York from 1870's to 20th century. All buttons bearing their name were produced after the Civil War.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-MeyerNS000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-MillerT
T.E.Miller produced buttons during the Civil War operating out of Houston Texas, manufacture is cast and crude.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-MillerT000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-MintzerWG
William G Mintzer, Philadelphia, sold buttons to both north and south before the war and continued after the war until approximately 1869. Some of the buttons bear the date "1861".

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-MintzerWG000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-MitchellTyler
Mitchell and Tyler operated in Richmond Va as an outfitter from 1845. Most of their buttons were made by Scovill.
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-MitchellTyler

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-MitchellTyler000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-MyersSA
Solomon A Myers operated in Richmond during the Civil War.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-MyersSA000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-NoveltyGoodyear
Novelty Rubber Company operated New York and New Jersey 1855 to 1865, and produced hard rubber buttons using Goodyear's patent.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-NoveltyGoodyear000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-OehmsAcmeHall
Oehms Acme Hall, Baltimore, manufactured 1880's or later.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-OehmsAcmeHall000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-PacificButton
Pacific Button Co, San Francisco operated from the 1880's to 20th century. All buttons bearing their name were produced after the Civil War.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-PacificButton000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Palanzuelos
Palanzuelos was a Cuban firm, Scovill supplied buttons to this firm in the 1850's. Apparently there were a number of backs left over from the production run, which Scovill later used on northern state buttons, where inspection was lax.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-Palanzuelos000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Philada
"Philada", George Armitage, Philadelphia Pennsylvania, made buttons 1799 to 1826. The buttons bearing "Philada" are an old style of presentation of "Philadelphia".

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-Philada000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Pinchin
William Pinchin inherited the tools of George Armitage, Philadelphia Pennsylvania, and made buttons 1826 to about 1830.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-PinchinW000.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Plated
"Plated ....", generic or trademark backmark denoting quality, producer is not determined.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-Plated000.html.

More Button backmarks, PAGE2.
Research center, button backmarks, click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9900-Backmark-Index.html.

Research center, button backmarks, click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9900-Backmark-Index.html.



This is the "Ridgeway Civil War Research Center", a research tool for educational purposes only, and is provided at no cost to the reader. Some of the relics listed are retained in the author's collection, most reside in other collections and are not owned by the author. None of the items listed in this section are for sale, please refer to relicman.com sales listings for items offered for sale. This is a work in progress, I list items as I get to them, there are many patterns that are not listed yet, this list will be regularly updated as I get pictures and descriptions for more items. I will also correct mistakes, so if you see any please tell me. All items listed are believed to be authentic to the Civil War or as otherwise described. Any excavated relics have been recovered from private property with owners permission. This information is available for research purposes, pictures may be used by permission only.

Most information on this page is from:
Uniform Buttons of the United States 1776 - 1865, by Warren K.Tice.
Dating buttons; A Chronology of Button Types, Makers, Retailers & Their Backmarks, by Warren K. Tice.
Directory of American Military Goods Dealers & Makers, by Bruce S. Bazelon and William F. Guinn.
Record of American Uniform and Historical Buttons, Bicentennial Edition, by Alphaeus H. Albert.
Pictures are generally by the author, unless otherwise indicated
.


Ridgeway Civil War Research Center,
A virtual examination of artifacts of the American Civil War
Buttons
Research center, buttons, click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button0000-Index.html.

Research center, buttons, click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button0000-Index.html.

Ridgeway Civil War Research Center,
A virtual examination of artifacts of the American Civil War
Button backmarks.
Research center, button backmarks, click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9900-Backmark-Index.html.

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