Ridgeway Civil War Research Center,
A virtual examination of artifacts of the American Civil War

Civil War Buttons

by Harry Ridgeway


Firmin & Sons operated in London England from the 17th century and continue to operate today.
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Firmin

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-Firmin000.html.


This is the "Ridgeway Civil War Research Center", a research tool for educational purposes only, and is provided at no cost to the reader. Some of the relics listed are retained in the author's collection, most reside in other collections and are not owned by the author. None of the items listed in this section are for sale, please refer to relicman.com sales listings for items offered for sale. This is a work in progress, I list items as I get to them, there are many patterns that are not listed yet, this list will be regularly updated as I get pictures and descriptions for more items. I will also correct mistakes, so if you see any please tell me. All items listed are believed to be authentic to the Civil War or as otherwise described. Any excavated relics have been recovered from private property with owners permission. This information is available for research purposes, pictures may be used by permission only.

Most information on this page is from:
Uniform Buttons of the United States 1776 - 1865, by Warren K.Tice.
Dating buttons; A Chronology of Button Types, Makers, Retailers & Their Backmarks, by Warren K. Tice.
Directory of American Military Goods Dealers & Makers, by Bruce S. Bazelon and William F. Guinn.
Record of American Uniform and Historical Buttons, Bicentennial Edition, by Alphaeus H. Albert.
Pictures are generally by the author, unless otherwise indicated
.


Firmin & Sons operated in London England from the 17th century and continue to operate today. Firmin buttons are noted for the best quality of all of the makers, sharp high relief stampings, tight backs, sturdy construction, jewelry like qualities.



Firmin100, (24mm)
Backmark: FIRMIN & SONS / + LONDON + " dm between outer dottedring, inner solid ring, English manufacture, (Firmin100).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Firmin100, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page172, [Plate C-1, 7].
Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-Firmin100.html.

B5756 Confederate Navy button, "CSN" anchor with two bands on lined background with rope border, English import, Firmin & Sons, (24.2mm)

Ref: Albert CS51A, Tice CSN200A1.



Firmin101, (22mm)
Backmark: "FIRMIN & SONS / + LONDON + " dm between outer dottedring, inner solid ring, English manufacture, (Firmin101).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Firmin101, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page172, [Plate C-1, 7].
Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-Firmin101.html.

B5373 Confederate Navy button, "CSN" anchor with two bands on lined background with rope border, English import, Firmin & Sons, (22mm)

Ref: Albert CS52, Tice CSN202A2.



Firmin102, (16mm)
Backmark: FIRMINS / (dot) LONDON (dot) " dm between two solid rings, mark is only used for small size, English manufacture, (Firmin102).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Firmin102, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 172.
Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-Firmin102.html.

B5374 Confederate Navy button, "CSN" anchor with four bands on lined background with rope border, English wartime manufacture, Firmins London, (15.8mm)

Ref: Albert CS52, Tice CSN202Am2.



Firmin120, (22mm)
Backmark: "FIRMIN & SONS / (dot) 153 STRAND LONDON (dot) / & 13 / CONDUIT. ST" dm middle solid ring, flat back, English manufacture, (Firmin120).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Firmin120, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 172, [Plate C-1, 8].
Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-Firmin120.html.

B5372 Confederate Navy button, "CSN" anchor with two bands on lined background with rope border, English wartime manufacture, Firmin & Sons, Strand & Conduit St., (22.4mm)

Ref: Albert CS52A, Tice CSN202A1.



Firmin130, (22.5mm)
Backmark: "FIRMIN & SONS / (dot) 2 DAWSON ST. DUBLIN (dot) / & STRAND LONDON" dm middle solid ring, flat back, English manufacture (Firmin130).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Firmin130, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 172.
Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-Firmin130.html.

B6393 Confederate Navy button, "CSN" anchor with two bands on lined background with rope border, English wartime manufacture, Firmin & Sons, Strand St. London & Dawson Dublin, (22.5mm)

Ref: Albert CS52, Tice CSN202A3.
Photograph only, button not examined, taken from ebay listing.



Firmin140, (21mm)
Backmark: "FIRMIN & SONS / (dot) LONDON (dot)" dm between two rings of dots, (Firmin140).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Firmin140, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 172.
Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-Firmin140.html.

B5089 Virginia cadet button, Virginia Military Institute, low convex, Firmin, (21mm)

Ref: Albert SU408, not listed, Tice VAS294F1.



Firmin900, (25mm)
Backmark: "FIRMIN & SONS LD / + LONDON + " dm between two ringsof dots, made by Firmin, the use of "LD" designation dates manufacture to after 1875, manufactured after the Civil War, (Firmin900).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Firmin900, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons.
Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-Firmin900.html.

B4392 Confederate Navy "restrike" button, "CSN" anchor with two bands on lined background with rope border, English souvenir manufacture, Firmin LD, (25mm)

Ref: Albert CS51 similar, CS71 series, manufactured after the Civil War.


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