Ridgeway Civil War Research Center,
A virtual examination of artifacts of the American Civil War

Civil War Buttons

by Harry Ridgeway


Horstmann companies.
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann000.html.


This is the "Ridgeway Civil War Research Center", a research tool for educational purposes only, and is provided at no cost to the reader. Some of the relics listed are retained in the author's collection, most reside in other collections and are not owned by the author. None of the items listed in this section are for sale, please refer to relicman.com sales listings for items offered for sale. This is a work in progress, I list items as I get to them, there are many patterns that are not listed yet, this list will be regularly updated as I get pictures and descriptions for more items. I will also correct mistakes, so if you see any please tell me. All items listed are believed to be authentic to the Civil War or as otherwise described. Any excavated relics have been recovered from private property with owners permission. This information is available for research purposes, pictures may be used by permission only.

Most information on this page is from:
Uniform Buttons of the United States 1776 - 1865, by Warren K.Tice.
Dating buttons; A Chronology of Button Types, Makers, Retailers & Their Backmarks, by Warren K. Tice.
Directory of American Military Goods Dealers & Makers, by Bruce S. Bazelon and William F. Guinn.
Record of American Uniform and Historical Buttons, Bicentennial Edition, by Alphaeus H. Albert.
Pictures are generally by the author, unless otherwise indicated
.

The Horstmann information from Tice's book, Dating Buttons..., starts on page 130. The text begins with WH Horstmann and lists one item, a supplementary page has been published with includes the remaining 32 backmarks. WH Horstmann & Sons is entirely missing which includes 9 items, and the lead section for Horstmann Sons and Drucker is missing, the detailed backmarks for this section pick up on page 131. So the supplementary text includes approximately two pages of missing text. References below are to the pictures published Plates B-16 to B-18. Pictures were not published for the majority of the listings. Pictures are published in the work below as they are found, eventually I hope to fill the gaps, but this is a daunting task.

W H Horstmann was the founder of the Horstmann empire. The Horstmann family produced a wide variety of military goods, including uniforms and hats, most buttons were actually manufactured by either Scovill or Steel & Johnson. Buttons produced during the founders tenure up to approximately 1850, will bear WH Horstmann name in general, however this name continued to be used well beyond the founders death. Two Horstmann sons, William and Sigmond, became partners, buttons bearing variations of W H Horstmann & Sons and will date 1843 and later. Horstmann Sons & Drucker date 1845 to 1849, this was a partnership by WH Horstmann and Drucker. Horstmann Brothers generally operated 1859 to 1893, these "brothers" are the sons of W H Horstmann working together after the founders death. Horstmann Brothers & Allien date 1850s to 1877, this is the brothers sons of WH working with Henry V Allien, after the founders death. HV Allien eventually formed his own company, these buttons date after the Civil War.


Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann100
Horstmann100, (?mm).
W H Horstmann / New York / Extra Superb dm 1827 to 1840s, (Horstmann100).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann100, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 130., [Plate B-16, 2].
Examples needed.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann110
Horstmann110, (22mm).
Backmark: "W. H. HORSTMANN & CO / (graphic) PHILADELPHIA (graphic)", "PHILADELPHIA" is smaller font size than rest of the lettering, dm inner ring of dots, two solid rings around the shank, manufacture estimated 1850's, Horstmann sold the buttons, actual maker not determined, (Horstmann110).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann110, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 130, [Plate B-16, 1].

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann110.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann111
Horstmann111, (19mm).
Backmark "W. H. HORSTMANN & CO / (graphic) PHILAD (graphic)" rm between rings, one part convex button, ca. 1830's or 1840's, (Horstmann111).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann111, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 130.

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann111.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann120
Horstmann120, (22mm).
Backmark: "W. H. HORSTMANN & CO / (dot) NEW. YORK dot" rmdc on a stippled field, ca 1840's or 1850's, (Horstmann120).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann120, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 130.

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann120.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann121
Horstmann121, (19mm).
Backmark: "W. H. HORSTMAN & CO / (dot) N. YORK " rmdc, with additional outer and inner depressed ring ca 1840's - 1850's, (Horstmann121).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann121, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 130.

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann121.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann124
Horstmann124, (16mm).
Backmark: "W. H. HORSTMANN / (star) " rmdc, ca 1850's, (Horstmann124).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann124, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 130.

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann124.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann125
Horstmann125, (?mm).
Backmark: "W H HORSTMANN / EXTRA" rmdc 1840s, (Horstmann125).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann125, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 130., [Plate B-16, 3].
Examples needed.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann126
Horstmann126, (19mm).
Backmark: "W. H. HORSTMANN / (dot) EXTRA (dot)" rmdc, with additional outer and inner depressed ring ca 1840's - 1850's, (Horstmann126).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann126, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 130.

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann126.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann127
Horstmann127, (19mm).
Backmark: "FINE PLATED / (dot) W.H.H. & CO. N.Y." rmdc, probably Steele & Johnson 1840's or 1850's custom backmark for W H Horstmann, (Horstmann127).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann127, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 130, WH Horstmann.

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann127.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann128
Horstmann128, (16mm).
Backmark "W. H. HORSTMANN / (dot) PHI (dot) " rmdc small size only ca. 1840's or 1850's, (Horstmann128).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann128, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 130.

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann128.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann129
Horstmann129, (20mm).
Backmark: "SUPERIOR QUALITY / W H H & CO" rmdc, made for W H Horstmann ca 1840's or 1850's, (Horstmann129).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann129, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons.

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann129.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann130
Horstmann130, (?mm).
Backmark: "W H HORSTMANN / PHILAD" rmdc 1840s, (Horstmann130).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann130, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 130., [Plate B-16, 4].
Examples needed.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann131
Horstmann131, (19mm)
Backmark "W. H. HORSTMANN / (dot) PHILA (dot)" rmdc on stippled field, ca. 1840's or 1850's, (Horstmann131).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann131, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 130.

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann131.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann140
Horstmann140, (?mm).
Backmark: "W H HORSTMANN / PHILAFELPHIA" dm two inner rings 1850, (Horstmann140).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann140, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 130., [Plate B-16, 6].
Examples needed.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann150
Horstmann150, (22mm).
Backmark: "W. H. HORSTMAN (sic) & CO / (dot) NEW YORK dot" dm, between two rings of dots, ca 1840's or 1850's, (Horstmann150).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann150, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 130.
B4421.jpg 40289 bytes B4421B.jpg 35218 bytes
Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann150.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann160
Horstmann160, (24mm).
Backmark: "W. H. H. C. / (dot) LONDON dot" dm between rings, English manufacture for W H Horstmann & Co., dating not certain, (Horstmann160).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann160, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 130.

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann160.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann200
Horstmann200, (23mm).
Backmark: "W. H. HORSTMANN & SONS / (dot) PHILA (dot)" rmdc on a stippled field, Scovill manufacture 1840's to 1850's, (Horstmann200).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann200, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 130, [Plate B16-5].

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann200.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann201
Horstmann201, (20mm).
Backmark: "W. H. HORSTMANN & SONS / (dot) PHILA (dot)" rmdc on a stippled field, Scovill manufacture 1840's to 1850's, (Horstmann201).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann201, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 130, [Plate B16-5].

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann201.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann210
Horstmann210, (22mm to 23mm).
Backmark: "W. H. HORSTMANN & SONS / (dot) PHI (dot)" rmdc on a stippled channel, probably manufactured by Steele & Johnson ca 1850's, (Horstmann210).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann210, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 130, [Plate B-16, 8].

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann210.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann211
Horstmann211, (21mm to 22mm).
Backmark: "W. H. HORSTMANN & SONS / (dot) PHI (dot) " rmdc on a stippled channel, probably manufactured by Steele & Johnson ca 1850's, (Horstmann211).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann211, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 130, [Plate B-16, 8].

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann211.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann212
Horstmann212, (19mm to 20mm).
Backmark: "W. H. HORSTMANN & SONS / (dot) PHI (dot) " rmdc on a stippled channel, probably manufactured by Steele & Johnson ca 1850's, (Horstmann212).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann212, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 130, [Plate B-16, 8].

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann212.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann213
Horstmann213, (16mm).
Backmark: "W. H. HORSTMANN & SONS / (dot) PHI (dot)" rmdc on a stippled channel, probably manufactured by Steele & Johnson ca 1850's, (Horstmann213).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann213, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 130, [Plate B-16, 8].

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann213.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann220
Horstmann220, (21mm to 23mm).
Backmark: "W. H. HORSTMANN & SONS / (dot) PHI (do) " rmdc shallow channel plain background, outer solid ring gives the appearance of a double ring, probably made by Steele & Johnson, 1850's, (Horstmann220).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann220, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 130., [Plate B-16, 9].
B4440.jpg 32189 bytes B4440B.jpg 32401 bytes
Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann220.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann221
Horstmann221, (16mm).
Backmark: "HORSTMANN & SONS / (dot) PHI (dot)" rmdc on a stippled channel, probably manufactured by Steele & Johnson ca 1850's, (Horstmann221).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann221, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 130.

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann221.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann230
Horstmann230, (22mm).
Backmark: "W. H. HORSTMANN & SONS / star PHILAD star", dm inner solid ring, ca. 1845 to 1855, (Horstmann230).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann230, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 130. [Plate B-16, 7].

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann230.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann250
Horstmann250, (?mm).
Backmark: "HORSTMANN SONS & DRUCKER" dm three inner rings 1845 to 1849, (Horstmann250).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann250, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 130., [Plate B-16, 15].
Examples needed.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann251
Horstmann251, (22mm).
Backmark: "HORSTMANN SONS & DRUCKER / (dot) (dot) NEW - YORK (dot) (dot)" dm inner solid ring, mark crowds the rim, manufacture 1840's, (Horstmann251).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann251, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 130.

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann251.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann300
Horstmann300, (21mm).
Backmark: "HORSTMANN & ALLIEN / (dot) NY dot" rmdc Steele & Johnson produced ca 1860, (Horstmann300).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann300, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 130, [Plate B-17, 2].

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann300.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann310
Horstmann310, (?mm).
Backmark: "HORSTMANN& ALLIEN N YORK rmdc 1855 to 1860, (Horstmann310).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann310, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 130., [Plate B-17, 3].
Examples needed.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann320
Horstmann320, (23mm).
Backmark: "HORSTMANN & ALLIEN / N.Y.", dm no rings, Steele & Johnson ca 1860, (Horstmann320).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann320, Reference: Tice [Plate B-17, 5].

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann320.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann330
Horstmann330, (22mm to 23mm) (large coat size).
Backmark: "HORSTMANN & ALLIEN / (dot) NY dot" dm between two solid rings, inner ring of rays, Steele & Johnson produced ca 1860, large coat size, (Horstmann330). Note that the length of the inner rays may appear to vary. If a button is shanked without pressing a well, then the rays remain at the full length, if a well channel is pressed then part of the rays will be pressed into the well and appear to be shorter. It is the opinion of the author that this was done when the button was shanked, and is not actually a variant in the die.
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann330, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 130, [Plate B-17, 7].

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann330.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann331
Horstmann331, (21mm) (coat size).
Backmark: "HORSTMANN & ALLIEN / (dot) NY dot" dm between two solid rings, inner ring of rays, Steele & Johnson produced ca 1860, coat size, (Horstmann331). Note that the length of the inner rays may appear to vary. If a button is shanked without pressing a well, then the rays remain at the full length, if a well channel is pressed then part of the rays will be pressed into the well and appear to be shorter. It is the opinion of the author that this was done when the button was shanked, and is not actually a variant in the die.
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann331, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 130, [Plate B-17, 7].

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann331.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann332
Horstmann332, (15mm to 16mm) (hat or sleeve size).
Backmark: "HORSTMANN & CO / (dot) NY dot" dm between two solid rings, inner ring of rays, Steele & Johnson produced ca 1860, small size, (Horstmann332). Note that the length of the inner rays may appear to vary. If a button is shanked without pressing a well, then the rays remain at the full length, if a well channel is pressed then part of the rays will be pressed into the well and appear to be shorter. It is the opinion of the author that this was done when the button was shanked, and is not actually a variant in the die.
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann332, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 130.

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann332.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann340
Horstmann340, (18mm to 20mm).
Backmark: "HORSTMANN & ALLIEN / (dot) N (dot) Y (dot)" dm between single outer ring and two inner solid rings, probably Steele & Johnson ca 1860's, (Horstmann340).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann340, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 130.

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann340.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann400
Horstmann400, (?mm).
Backmark: "HORSTMANN BRS & ALLIEN NY" rmdc 1850 to 1865, (Horstmann400).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann400, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 130., [Plate B-17, 1].
Examples needed.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann410
Horstmann410, (22mm to 23mm)
Backmark: "HORSTMANN BRO &. ALLIEN / (dot) N (dot) Y (dot)" rmdc, additional ring around the shank, ca 1850's, (Horstmann410).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann410, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 130. [Plate B-17, 4].

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann410.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann411
Horstmann411, (20mm).
Backmark: "HORSTMANN BRO &. ALLIEN / (dot) N (dot) Y (dot)" rmdc, ca 1850's, (Horstmann411).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann411, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 130. [Plate B-17, 4].
Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann411.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann412
Horstmann412, (23mm).
Backmark: "HORSTMANN BRO. & ALLIEN / N. Y" rmdc, additional channel inside the mark, ca 1850's, (Horstmann412).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann412, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 130.

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann412.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann415
Horstmann415, (16mm).
Backmark: "H. BRO'S. &. ALLIEN / (dot) N. Y (dot)" rmdc, this is Horstmann Brothers & Allien, abbreviated mark only used on small button, ca 1850's. (Horstmann415).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann415, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 130.

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann415.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann420
Horstmann420, (22mm).
Backmark: "HORSTMAN (dot) BROS (dot) & (dot) ALLIEN / (dot) N (dot) Y (dot)" dm between two rings of dots, probably Steele & Johnson ca 1860, (Horstmann420).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann420, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 130, [Plate B-17, 6].

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann420.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann425
Horstmann425, (14mm).
Backmark: "H. B. & A. / (dot) N.Y. (dot) " dm , this is Horstmann Brothers & Allien, abbreviated mark only used on small button, no rings, probably Steele &Johnson ca 1860's, (Horstmann425).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann425, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 130.

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann425.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann430
Horstmann430, (14mm).
Backmark: "HORSTMANN BROS & ALLIEN / (dot)" dm , this is Horstmann Brothers & Allien, abbreviated mark only used on small button, no rings, (Horstmann430).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann430, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 130.

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann430.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann440
Horstmann440, (23mm).
Backmark: "HORSTMAN (sic) BROS & ALLIEN. / star N. Y. star" dm between two rings of dots and inner solid ring, ca 1860's, may be transitional, (Horstmann440).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann440, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 130, [Plate B-17, 8].

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann440.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann450
Horstmann450, (22mm).
Backmark: "HORSTMANN BROS & ALLIEN / N.Y." dm single inner ring of dots, ca 1870's or later, (Horstmann450).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann450, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 130, [Plate B-17, 9].

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann450.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann460
Horstmann460, (21mm).
Backmark: "HORSTMANN BROS & CO / (star) N - YORK (star)" rmdc on stippled field, ca 1840's to 1850's, (Horstmann460).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann460, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 130.

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann460.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann500
Horstmann500, (?mm).
Backmark: "HORSTMANN BROS & CO NEW YORK" dm two inner rings and outer ring 1850 to 1865, (Horstmann500).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann500, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 130., [Plate B-18, 2].
Examples needed.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann510
Horstmann510, (22.5mm).
Backmark: "HORSTMANN BRO & CO / star PHILA star" rmdc, letters are poorly formed, manufactured by Steele & Johnson for Horstmann ca 1850's, (Horstmann510).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann510, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 130, [Plate B-18, 1].

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann510.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann520
Horstmann520, (21mm to 23mm).
Backmark: "HORSTMANN BROTHERS & CO / (dot) PHIL (dot)", dm between two rings of dots. ca 1860, manufactured by Steele & Johnson for Horstmann, ca 1860, (Horstmann520).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann520, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 130, [Plate B-18, 3].

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann520.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann530
Horstmann530, (21mm to 23mm).
Backmark:"HORSTMANN BROS & CO / star PHIL star", dm between two rings of dots. ca 1860, probably manufactured by Steele & Johnson for Horstmann, (Horstmann530).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann530, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 130, [Plate B-18, 4].

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann530.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann531
Horstmann531, (14mm).
Backmark: "HORSTMANN BROS & CO / (dot) PHIL (dot)", dm between two rings of dots. ca 1860, small size only, manufactured by Steele & Johnson for Horstmann, (Horstmann531).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann531, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 130.

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann531.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann534
Horstmann534, (15mm).
Backmark: "H. BROS & CO / PHILA ", dm , small size only, probably manufactured by Steele & Johnson for Horstmann, (Horstmann534).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann534, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 130.

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann534.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann540
Horstmann540, (18mm).
Backmark: "HORSTMANN BROS / (star) PHIL (star)", dm between two rings of dots, manufactured by Steele & Johnson for Horstmann ca 1860, (Horstmann540).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann540, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 130.

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann540.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann600
Horstmann600, (?mm).
Backmark: "HORSTMANN BROS & CO" dm large letters single ring 1870 to 1893, (Horstmann600).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann600, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 130, [Plate B-18, 6].
Examples needed.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann610
Horstmann610, (22mm).
Backmark: "HORSTMANN BROS. & CO / (dot) PHIL (dot)" dm large letters with no serifs between two rings of dots, manufactured after after 1880, (Horstmann610). Note, there is a period after BROS, it is small and may be hard to see on some examples including this one.
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann610, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 130, [Plate B-18, 7].

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann610.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann620
Horstmann620, (22mm).
Backmark: "HORSTMANN BROS & Co (o is underlined) / (dot) PHILA (A is underlined) (dot)" dm inner ring of dots, Horstmann Brothers used this backmark 1870's to 1890's, Scovill manufactured, (Horstmann620).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann620, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 130, [Plate B-18, 8].

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann620.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann630
Horstmann630, (?mm).
Backmark: "HORSTMANN BROS & CO PHIL" dm single ring 1870 to 1893, (Horstmann630).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann630, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 130, [Plate B-18, 5].
Examples needed.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann631
Horstmann631, (15mm).
Backmark: "HORSTMANN BROS. & CO. / (dot) PHIL. (dot)" dm small letters inner ring of dots, small size only, backmark is likely post war, (Horstmann631).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann631, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 130.

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann631.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann640
Horstmann640, (?mm).
Backmark: "HORSTMANN BROS & CO PHIL" dm single ring, font style with no serifs 1880 to 1893, (Horstmann640).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann640, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 130., [Plate B-18, 9].
Examples needed.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann650
Horstmann650, (?mm).
Backmark: "HORSTMANN BROS & CO PHIL" two inner rings dm 1880 to 1893, (Horstmann650).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann650, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 130., [Plate B-18, 10].
Examples needed.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann651
Horstmann651, (21mm).
Backmark: "HORSTMANN BROS & CO / (dot) PHILA two dots under A dot" dm inner ring of dots,Horstmann Brothers used this backmark 1875 to 1893, (Horstmann651).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann651, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 130.

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann651.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann652
Horstmann652, (16mm).
Backmark: "HORSTMANN BROS & Co (dot) under o / (dot) PHILA single (dot) under A dot" dm inner ring of dots,Horstmann Brothers used this backmark 1875 to 1893, (Horstmann652).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann652, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 130.

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann652.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann660
Horstmann660, (15mm).
Backmark: "HORSTMANN BROS / (dot) PHILLA (dot) " dm inner ring of dots, small size only,backmark could be transitional., (Horstmann660).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann660, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 130.

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann660.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann700
Horstmann700, (23mm).
Backmark: "HORSTMANN & CO / (dot) NY & PHI (dot)" dm between two rings of dots, manufactured by Steele & Johnson for Horstmann, ca 1860, (Horstmann700).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann700, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 130, [Plate B-16, 14].

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann700.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann701
Horstmann701, (16mm).
Backmark: "HORSTMANN & CO / (dot) NY & PHI (dot) " dm inner ring of dashes, only made for small size, ca 1860, (Horstmann701).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann701, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 130.
B5056A.JPG 28073 bytes B5056B.JPG 29610 bytes
Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann701.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann710
Horstmann710, (18mm).
Backmark: "HORSTMANN & CO / (dot) NEW YORK (dot) " dm between inner and outer rings of hyphens giving the impression of a twisted rope, dating not certain, (Horstmann710).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann710, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 130.

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann710.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann720
Horstmann720, (15mm).
Backmark: "HORSTMANN / (dot) NEW YORK (dot)" dm, small size only, Steele & Johnson manufactured for Horstmann ca 1860, (Horstmann720).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann720, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 130.

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann720.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann721
Horstmann721, (16mm).
Backmark: "HORSTMANN / (dot) NEW YORK (dot)" dm, small size only, Steele & Johnson manufactured for Horstmann ca 1860, (Horstmann721).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann721, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 130.

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann721.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann740
Horstmann740, (22mm to 23mm).
Backmark: "HORSTMANN'S / NY. & PHI. " dm between two rings of dots, probably Scovill ca 1860, (Horstmann740).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann740, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 130, [Plate B-16, 10].

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann740.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann741
Horstmann741, (20mm to 21mm).
Backmark: "HORSTMANN'S / NY. & PHI." dm between two rings of dots, probably Scovill ca 1860, (Horstmann741).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann741, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 130, [Plate B-16, 10].
Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann741.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann742
Horstmann742, (16mm).
Backmark: "HORSTMANN S / N.Y. & PHI." dm between two rings of dots. This may have been an abbreviated version of Horstmann Sons for the small size button, ca 1860, (Horstmann742).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann742, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 130, [Plate B-16, 10].
Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann742.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann743
Horstmann743, (14mm).
Backmark: "HORSTMANN'S / NY. & PHI. " dm inner rings of dots, outer ring is obscured by rim, small size only, probably Steele & Johnson, ca 1860, (Horstmann743).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann743, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 130, [Plate B-16, 10].

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann743.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann750
Horstmann750, (?mm).
Backmark: "HORSTMANN N YORK & PHIL" dm two rings 1860 to 1870 transitional, (Horstmann750).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann750, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 130.[Plate B-16, 11].
Examples needed.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann760
Horstmann760, (?mm).
Backmark: "HORSTMANN PHILA & NEW YORK" dm large letters two rings of dots 1860 to 1870 transitional, (Horstmann760).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann760, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 130.[Plate B-16, 12].
Examples needed.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann770
Horstmann770, (22mm to 23mm).
Backmark: "HORSTMANN / (star) N. Y. & PHILADA (star)" dm between rings, large letters no serifs, manufactured by Steele & Johnson, transitional use 1865 - 1870, (Horstmann770).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann770, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 130, [Plate B-16, 13].

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann770.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann771
Horstmann771, (21mm to 22mm).
Backmark: "HORSTMANN / (star) N. Y. & PHILADA (star)" dm between rings, large letters no serifs, manufactured by Steele & Johnson, transitional use 1865 - 1870, (Horstmann771).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann771, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 130, [Plate B-16, 13].

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann771.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann910
Horstmann910, (?mm).
Backmark: "HORSTMANN / PHILA" dm no rings 1875 to 1893, (Horstmann910).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann910, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 130.[Plate B-18, 13].
Examples needed.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann911
Horstmann911, (17mm).
Backmark: "HORSTMANN / star PHILA star" dm inner ring, letters have no serifs, manufacture after the Civil War, (Horstmann911).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann911, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 130.

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann911.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann920
Horstmann920, (?mm).
Backmark: "HORSTMANN PHILADELPHIA", 1893 to 1947, (Horstmann920).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann920, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 130.[Plate B-17, 10].
Examples needed.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann921
Horstmann921, (16mm).
Backmark: "HORSTMANN / PHILADELPHIA" dm inner solid ring, letters are plain without serifs, manufacture after 1893, (Horstmann921).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann921, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 130.

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann921.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann930
Horstmann930, (23mm).
Backmark: "HORSTMANN PHILADELPHIA. / (star)" dm no rings, manufacture after 1893, (Horstmann930).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann930, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 130, [Plate B17-11].

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann930.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann931
Horstmann931, (21mm).
Backmark: "HORSTMANN PHILADA / (star)" dm no rings, recessed well around shank, manufacture after 1893, (Horstmann931).

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann931, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 130.

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann931.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann932
Horstmann932, (16mm).
Backmark: "HORSTMANN PHILADELPHIA / (dot)" dm no rings, manufacture after 1893, (Horstmann932).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann932, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 130.

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann932.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann940
Horstmann940, (?mm).
Backmark: "HORSTMANN PHIL & NEW YORK" dm single ring 1870 to 1893, (Horstmann940).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann940, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 130., [Plate B-18, 11].
Examples needed.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann950
Horstmann950, (?mm).
Backmark: "HORSTMANN SONS / PFILKADA" no rings 1880 to 1893, (Horstmann950).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Horstmann950, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 130., [Plate B-18, 12].
Examples needed.


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