Ridgeway Civil War Research Center,
A virtual examination of artifacts of the American Civil War

Civil War Buttons

by Harry Ridgeway


Scovill was by far the most dominant of the Civil War era button manufacturers.
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Scovill

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-Scovill000.html.


This is the "Ridgeway Civil War Research Center", a research tool for educational purposes only, and is provided at no cost to the reader. Some of the relics listed are retained in the author's collection, most reside in other collections and are not owned by the author. None of the items listed in this section are for sale, please refer to relicman.com sales listings for items offered for sale. This is a work in progress, I list items as I get to them, there are many patterns that are not listed yet, this list will be regularly updated as I get pictures and descriptions for more items. I will also correct mistakes, so if you see any please tell me. All items listed are believed to be authentic to the Civil War or as otherwise described. Any excavated relics have been recovered from private property with owners permission. This information is available for research purposes, pictures may be used by permission only.

Most information on this page is from:
Uniform Buttons of the United States 1776 - 1865, by Warren K.Tice.
Dating buttons; A Chronology of Button Types, Makers, Retailers & Their Backmarks, by Warren K. Tice.
Directory of American Military Goods Dealers & Makers, by Bruce S. Bazelon and William F. Guinn.
Record of American Uniform and Historical Buttons, Bicentennial Edition, by Alphaeus H. Albert.
Pictures are generally by the author, unless otherwise indicated
.

Scovill was by far the most dominant of the Civil War era button manufacturers. The firm was formed in approximately 1850, as a combination of the already substantial "Scovill" partnerships in business preceding that date and continued until the 1970s. They changed backmark styles frequently, and we are able to generally date the buttons by these changes. Scovill also produced many "custom" contracts for other outfitters, supplying buttons stamped with the outfitters name, or in other cases with blank or generic stock backs. Two brothers J. M. Lamson Scovill and William Henry Scovill operated the business as a partnership from 1827 to 1840. Buttons of this period are generally marked some variation of "JML Scovill .." or "Scovills". The Scovill family united with outside partners to form Scovills & Co, which operated from around 1840 to 1850 (when Scovill Manufacturing was formed. Backmarks of this period generally bear some form of Scovills Co. The use of "Scovill MG." dates to the early 1850s, it then evolved into "Scovill MF'G" sometime in the mid 1850s. Backmarks with raised mark depressed channel (rmdc) date to the 1850s, and depressed mark (dm) backmarks after that. Dates are approximate at best, and some late 1860s marks could be transitional. Further, it is evident that Scovill did not coordinate the company name changes entirely with the names used on the backmarks. For example, names like "Scovill", "Scovills", and "Scovill Co", were simply used as abbreviations of the name in substitution for "Scovill Manufacturing Company", this to accomodate the limited space available on smaller size buttons. In addition, some smaller orders were apparently filled using backs left over as surplus from earlier runs, or old dies were reused where new dies or custom designs were not needed.Scovill produced for both the North and the South until hostilities began. It appears that they may have completed some button orders for the South for at least a short period of time after the conflict began, although the extent of that has not been determined and is subject to estimate at best.

Scovill100, (21mm).
Backmark: "J. M. L. & W. H. SCOVILL / (dot) WATERBURY (dot) / EXTRA SUPERFINE (dot) (star) (dot) (star) (dot) (star) (dot)" dm between solid inner, middle, and outer ring, flat back, Scovill manufacture 1830s, (Scovill100). Note that stamping may be weak and some of the punctuation details may be obscured.
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Scovill100, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 65 et seq, [Plate B-4, 6 or 7]. It appears that items 6 and 7 are the same back, the stamping on the flat back can be weak and some of the inner features can be obscured by brazing around the shank or outer ring obscured by the crimping of the rim.

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-Scovill100.html.

Scovill120, (22mm)
Backmark: "J. M. L. & W. H. SCOVILL / (star) WATERBURY(star) / EXTRA SUPERFINE (branches and flowers)" dm solid middle and inner ring, Scovill manufacture 1830s, (Scovill120). Note there is no outer ring and there could be a second inner ring, or this second ring was likely formed during assembly and is thought to not have been in the die design.
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Scovill120, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 65 et seq,[Plate B-4, 8)].

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-Scovill120.html.

Scovill130, (22mm)
Backmark: "J. M. L. & W. H. SCOVILL / (star) WATERBURY (star) / EXTRA / (star) SUPERFINE (star)" dm between solid ring, no outer ring, flat back, Scovill manufacture 1830s, (Scovill130).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Scovill130, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 65 et seq, [Plate B-4, 9)].

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-Scovill130.html.

Scovill150, (22mm)
Backmark: "J M L & W H SCOVILL / (star) EXTRA RICH (star) " rm between solid rings, Scovill manufacture 1830s, (Scovill160).
Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 65 et seq, [Plate B-4, 10].
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Scovill150
Examples of buttons with this backmark needed.

Scovill155, (23mm)
Backmark: "J. M L & W. H. SCOVILL / (star) EXTRA RICH (star) / NO. 1 " rm between two raised solid rings, outer rounded border, ca 1827 to 1840 byScovill, (Scovill155).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Scovill155, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 65 et seq.

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-Scovill155.html.

Scovill200.
Backmark: SCOVILLS / Waterbury Con / Extra Rich, rm, 1835 for VA2.
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Scovill200, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 65 et seq, [Plate B-4, 19].
Examples of buttons with this backmark needed.

Scovill210.
Backmark: SCOVILLS / Extra Superfine, rm, ca 1837 Texas order.
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Scovill210, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 65 et seq, [Plate B-5, 1].
Examples of buttons with this backmark needed.

Scovill220.
Backmark: SCOVILLS /Waterbury, rm, ca 1827 to 1840.
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Scovill220, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 65 et seq, [Plate B-4, 16].
Examples of buttons with this backmark needed
.

Scovill225, (19mm)
Backmark: "SCOVILLS / WATERBURY", rm between solid rings, ca 1830s, (Scovill225).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Scovill225 , Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 65.

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-Scovill225.html.

Scovill230, (23mm)
Backmark: "SCOVILLS / (star) WATERBURY (star)" rm, two inner rings, on one piece button 1830s, (Scovill230).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Scovill230, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 65 et seq,[Plate B-4, 15)].

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-Scovill230.html.

Scovill240, (19mm)
Backmark: "SCOVILLS / (dot) WATERBURY (dot) " dm,two inner rings of dots, ca 1830s, (Scovill240).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Scovill240, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 65 et seq, [Plate B-4, 18)].

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-Scovill240.html.

Scovill250, (22mm)
Backmark: "SCOVILLS / (dot) WATERBURY (dot) " dm between solid rings, outer ring of rays, flat back, ca 1830s, (Scovill250).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Scovill250, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 65 et seq,[Plate B-4, 17)].

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-Scovill250.html.

Scovill251, (19mm)
Backmark: "SCOVILLS / (dot) WATERBURY (dot) " dm between solid rings, outer ring of short rays (may be faint), flat back, ca 1830s, (Scovill251). This is 19mm size, the rays from the 22mm size were shortened and may be faint on some examples, backmark is otherwise similar.
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Scovill251, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 65 et seq,[Plate B-4, 17)].

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-Scovill251.html.

Scovill260.
Backmark: SCOVILLS /Waterbury, dm, inner rings. ca 1837 Texas order.
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Scovill260, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 65 et seq, [Plate B-4, 14].
Examples of buttons with this backmark needed
.

Scovill270.
Backmark: SCOVILLS /Extra, dm, between rings. ca 1837 Texas order.
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Scovill270, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 65 et seq, [Plate B-4, 20].
Examples of buttons with this backmark needed
.

Scovill280.
Backmark: SCOVILLS / stars, dm, between rings. ca 1837 Texas order.
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Scovill280, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 65 et seq, [Plate B-4, 13].
Examples of buttons with this backmark needed
.

Scovill290, (19mm)
Backmark: "SCOVILLS / (dot) WATERBURY (dot)" rmdc, ca 1830s, to 1840s, (Scovill290).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Scovill290, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 65 et seq, [Plate B-4, 11)].

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-Scovill290.html.

Scovill300.
Backmark: SCOVILLS /Best Double Gilt.
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Scovill300, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 65 et seq., Tice referenced but did not photographed, this may be from civilian buttons.
Examples of buttons with this backmark needed
.

Scovill305.
Backmark: SCOVILLS /Best Treble Gilt.
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Scovill305, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 65 et seq., Tice referenced but did not photographed, this may be from civilian buttons.
Examples of buttons with this backmark needed.

Scovill310.
Backmark: SCOVILLS /Double Gilt.
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Scovill310, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 65 et seq., Tice referenced but did not photographed, this may be from civilian buttons.
Examples of buttons with this backmark needed
.

Scovill315.
Backmark: SCOVILLS /Extra Superfine.
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Scovill315, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 65 et seq., Tice referenced but did not photographed, this may be from civilian buttons.
Examples of buttons with this backmark needed
.

Scovill320.
Backmark: SCOVILLS /Superior.
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Scovill320, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 65 et seq., Tice referenced but did not photographed, this may be from civilian buttons.
Examples of buttons with this backmark needed.

Scovill325.
Backmark: SCOVILLS /Treble Gilt.
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Scovill325, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 65 et seq., Tice referenced but did not photographed, this may be from civilian buttons.
Examples of buttons with this backmark needed
.

Scovill350.
Backmark: SCOVILLS & CO. rm.ca 1840s.
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Scovill350, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 65 et seq., Tice referenced but did not photographed.
Examples of buttons with this backmark needed
.

Scovill360, (23mm)
Backmark: "SCOVILLS & CO / (dot) WATERBURY (dot)" dm, two outer and two inner rings, concave back resembles a one piece buttonbut it is two piece button, ca 1840s, (Scovill360).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Scovill360, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 65 et seq, [Plate B-5, 3)].

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-Scovill360.html.

Scovill370, (22mm)
Backmark: "SCOVILLS & Co. / (star) WATURBURY (star) / EXTRA SUPERFINE (dot) (star) (dot)" dm,inner ring of dots, middle ring of slashes, ca 1840s, (Scovill370).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Scovill370, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 65 et seq, [Plate B-5, 8].

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-Scovill370.html.

Scovill380.
Backmark:"SCOVILLS & Co. /(star) WATURBURY (star)" dm, two solid inner rings. ca 1840s.
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Scovill380, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 65 et seq, [Plate B-5, 9].
Examples of buttons with this backmark needed
.

Scovill390, (19.5mm)
Backmark: "SCOVILLS & CO. / (graphic) SUPERFINE (graphic)" dm, solid outer ring, two solid inner rings, ca 1840s to 1850s, (Scovill390).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Scovill390, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 65 et seq, [Plate B-5, 11)].

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-Scovill390.html.

Scovill400, (22mm)
Backmark: "SCOVILLS & CO / (dot) WATERBURY(dot)" rmdc on a stippled background, ca 1840s & 1850s, (Scovill400).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Scovill400, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 65 et seq, [Plate B-5, 4)].

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-Scovill400.html.

Scovill401, (20mm)
Backmark: "SCOVILLS & CO / (dot) WATERBURY(dot)" rmdc, ca 1840s, (Scovill401).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Scovill401, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 65 et seq, [Plate B-5, 4)].

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-Scovill401.html.

Scovill410, (22mm)
Backmark: "SCOVILLS & CO / (two dots) WATERBURY (two dots) " rmdc, ca 1840s to 1850s, (Scovill410).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Scovill410 , Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 65 et seq, [Plate B-5, 5)].

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-Scovill410.html.

Scovill420, (22mm)
Backmark:"SCOVILLS & CO / (dot) WATERBURY (graphic) " rmdc, ca 1840s to 1850s., (Scovill420).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Scovill420, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 65 et seq, [Plate B-5, 6].

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-Scovill420.html.

Scovill430, (22mm)
Backmark: "SCOVILLS & CO / (graphic) WATERBURY (graphic)" rmdc on a stippled background, ca 1840s & 1850s, (Scovill430).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Scovill430, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 65 et seq, [Plate B-5,7)].

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-Scovill430.html.

Scovill431, (19mm)
Backmark: "SCOVILLS & CO / WATERBURY" rmdc, 1840s manufacture, (Scovill431).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Scovill431, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 65 et seq.

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-Scovill431.html.

Scovill440.
Backmark:"SCOVILLS. & Co / (dot) EXTRA (dot)"rmdc. ca 1840s to 1850s.
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Scovill440, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 65 et seq, [Plate B-5, 10].
Examples of buttons with this backmark needed.

Scovill450, (20mm)
Backmark: "SCOVILLS & CO / (dot) (dot) SUPERFINE (dot) (dot) "rmdc. ca 1840s to 1850s, (Scovill450).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Scovill450, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 65 et seq, [Plate B-5, 12].

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-Scovill450.html.

Scovill460.
Backmark:"SCOVILLS & CO / (graphic) SUPERFINE (graphic) "rmdc. ca 1840s to 1850s.
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Scovill460, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 65 et seq, [Plate B-5, 13].
Examples of buttons with this backmark needed.

Scovill470, (15mm)
Backmark: "SCOVILLS & CO / (star)(star) (star)"rmdc, only used on small size button, ca 1840s & 1850s,(Scovill470). Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 65 et seq, [Plate B-5, 2)].
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Scovill470

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-Scovill470.html.

Scovill471, (15mm)
Backmark: "SCOVILLS & CO / (graphic of arrows)", rmdcon stippled background, small size only, ca 1840s &1850s, (Scovill471).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Scovill471, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 65 et seq.

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-Scovill471.html.

Scovill480, (14mm)
Backmark: "SCOVILLS & CO / (graphic) EXTRA (graphic)"dm between two inner rings, used only for small size, ca 1840s, (Scovill480).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Scovill480, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 65 et seq.

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-Scovill480.html.

Scovill500, (22mm)
Backmark: "SCOVILL MG CO / WATERBURY" dm small letters, inner solid ring, lettering crowds the rim, ca early 1850s, (Scovill500).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Scovill500, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 65 et seq., [Plate B-5, 14)].

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-Scovill500.html.

Scovill510, (22mm to 23mm)
Backmark: "Scovill MG. CO / (two dots) WATERBURY (two dots) " rmdc, ca1850s, (Scovill510).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Scovill510, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 65 et seq., [Plate B5, 16)].

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-Scovill510.html.

Scovill520, (20mm to 21mm)
Backmark: "SCOVILL. MG. CO. / (dot) SUPERFINE (dot)" rmdc., ca 1850s, small variations of dots and punctuation may be found, (Scovill520).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Scovill520, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 65 et seq., [Plate B-5, 15)].

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-Scovill520.html.

Scovill530, (17mm)
Backmark: "SCOVILL. MG. CO." rmdc, small size only, variations in spacing, dots, and punctuation may be found, ca 1850s, (Scovill530).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Scovill530, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 65 et seq., [Plate B-5, 17)].

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-Scovill530.html.

Scovill540, (20mm)
Backmark: "SCOVILL MG. CO / ( 3 dots) ( 3 dots) ( 3 dots) " rmdc, ca 1850's, (Scovill540).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Scovill540, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 65 et seq.

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-Scovill540.html.

Scovill600, (22mm)
Backmark: "SCOVILL MFG. CO. / (star) WATERBURY. (star) " rmdc, ca 1850s, (Scovill600).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Scovill600, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 65 et seq., [Plate B-5, 18)].

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-Scovill600.html.

Scovill601, (19mm)
Backmark: "SCOVILLS / (star) MFG. CO. (star)" rmdc, ca 1850's, (Scovill601).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Scovill601, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 65 et seq.

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-Scovill601.html.

Scovill610, (23mm)
Backmark: "SCOVILL MF'G CO. / (star) WATERBURY. (star) " rmdc, ca 1850s, (Scovill610).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Scovill610, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 65 et seq., [Platge B-5, 19)].

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-Scovill610.html.

Scovill620, (23mm)
Backmark: "SCOVILL MF'G CO. / (dot) WATERBURY. (dot)" rmdc , letters are small, ca 1850s, (Scovill620).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Scovill620, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 65 et seq., [Plate B-5, 20)].

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-Scovill620.html.

Scovill630.
Backmark: "SCOVILL MF'G CO / (dot) WATERBURY CT (dot) " rmdc, ca 1850s, Scovill MFG Co / Waterbury rmdc. ca 1850s.
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Scovill630, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 65 et seq., [Plate B-6, 1].
Examples of buttons with this backmark needed.

Scovill640, (22mm)
Backmark: "SCOVILL MF'G CO. / WATERBURY CT.. " rmdc, ca 1850s, (Scovill640).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Scovill640, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 65 et seq., [Plate B-6, 2)].

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-Scovill640.html.

Scovill650, (22mm to 23mm)
Backmark: "SCOVILL MFG. CO / (dot) WATERBURY (dot)" rmdc, small variations of spacing are found, Scovill manufactured ca 1850's and used multiple copies of this die, (Scovill650).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Scovill650, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 65 et seq., [Plate B-6, 3)].

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-Scovill650.html.

Scovill655, (20mm to 21mm)
Backmark: "SCOVILL MFG CO / (dot) WATERBURY (dot)" rmdc, small variations of spacing, dots, and punctuation are found, Scovill manufactured ca 1850's and used multiple copies of this die, (Scovill655).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Scovill655, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 65 et seq., [Plate B-6, 3)].

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-Scovill655.html.

Scovill660, (22mm to 23mm)
Backmark: "SCOVILL MF'G. CO. / (dot) WATERBURY. (dot)" rmdc on a plain field, ca 1850s, (Scovill660).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Scovill660, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 65 et seq., [Plate B-6, 4)].

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-Scovill660.html.

Scovill670.
Backmark: "SCOVILL MFG C / (dot) WATERBURY (dot) " rmdc. ca 1850s.
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Scovill670, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 65 et seq. et seq, [Plate B-6, 9].
Examples of buttons with this backmark needed.

Scovill680, (20m to 21mm)
Backmark: "SCOVILL MFG / WATERBURY " rmdc. ca 1850s.
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Scovill680, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 65 et seq. et seq, [Plate B-6, 10].

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-Scovill680.html.

Scovill690, (22mm)
Backmark: "SCOVILL MFG CO. / WATERBUR." rmdc. ca 1850s., (Scovill690).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Scovill690, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 65 et seq. et seq, [Plate B-6, 11].

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-Scovill690.html.

Scovill692, (20mm)
Backmark:"SCOVILL MF'G. CO. / WATERBURY." rmdc , ca 1850s, (Scovill692).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Scovill692, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 65 et seq.

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-Scovill692.html.

Scovill700, (14mm)
Backmark: "SCOVILL. / MFG. CO." dm no rings, made in small size only, these cuff or hat buttons were manufactured in the 1850s, rings or rmdc details used on the large size buttons were omitted as an abbreviation to fit the space, dots, spacing and punctuation may vary or be obliterated, Scovill apparently produced multiple copies of this die, (Scovill700).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Scovill700, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 65 et seq., [Plate B-7, 8].

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-Scovill700.html.

Scovill710, (15mm)
Backmark: "SCOVILLS & Co (dot under the o). / (dot) EXTRA (dot) " dm between two solid rings, (outer ring may be obscured in the crimping), made in small size only, these were manufactured in the 1850s and 1860s during the era of Scovill Manufacturing, the Scovils & Co name from an earlier period was used as a way to abbreviate the name to fit the space on a small button, (Scovill710).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Scovill710, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 65 et seq.

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-Scovill710.html.

Scovill720, (16mm)
Backmark: "SCOVILL MF'G. CO. / (star) (star) (star)" dm between two rings of dots, made for small button only, ca 1850s or 1860s, (Scovill720).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Scovill720, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 65 et seq.

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-Scovill720.html.

Scovill721, (16mm)
Backmark: "SCOVILL MF'G CO. / (star) (star) (star)" dm no rings, made for small button only, ca1860s and may be transitional,, (Scovill721).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Scovill721, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 65 et seq, [Plate B-6, 15)].

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-Scovill721.html.

Scovill722, (14mm)
Backmark: "SCOVILL MF'G CO. / (graphic) " dm no rings, made for small button only, ca1860s, (Scovill722).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Scovill722, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 65 et seq.

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-Scovill722.html.

Scovill730, (16mm)
Backmark: "SCOVILL CO / (dot) WATERBURY (dot) " dm between two rings of dots, made in small size only, these were manufactured in the 1850s and 1860s during the era of Scovill Manufacturing, the Scovill Co name from an earlier period was used as a way to abbreviate the name to fit the space on a small button, (Scovill730).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Scovill730, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 65 et seq.

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-Scovill730.html.

Scovill740, (13mm)
Backmark: "SCOVILL MFG CO / (dot) WATERBUR (dot) " dm no rings,well around the shank, only usedfor small sized buttons, ca 1860, (Scovill740).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Scovill740, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 65 et seq. et seq, [Plate B-6, 13].

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-Scovill740.html.

Scovill750, (18mm to 19mm)
Backmark: "SCOVILL. MFG. CO. / (star) Waterbury. (star)" dm no rings, used for school coat buttons, ca 1860, (Scovill750).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Scovill750, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 65 et seq.

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-Scovill750.html.

Scovill760, (19mm)
Backmark: "SCOVILL. MFG. CO. / WATBRY." dm with no rings, well around the shank, only used for cadet buttons, ca 1860, (Scovill760).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Scovill760, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 65 et seq., [Plate B6, 12)].

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-Scovill760.html.

Scovill800, (22mm to 23mm)
Backmark: "SCOVILL MF'G CO. / WATERBURY." dm between two rings of dots, no dividers, used on staff buttons ca 1860s, (Scovill800). Note that there appears to be a period after Co and after Waterbury, and on some examples this may appear to have length like a comma, this is likely due to slippage in stamping or die cutting, or debris in stamping, the convention of the time suggests it was meant to be a period and not a comma.
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Scovill800, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 65 et seq., [Plate B-6, 6)].

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-Scovill800.html.

Scovill801, (15mm to 16mm)
Backmark: "SCOVILL MF'G. CO. / WATERBURY." dm single inner ring of dots,no dividers, small letters, used in staff small buttons only, this is abbreviated version of Scovill series of dm with double rings used for 1860s staff coat buttons, (Scovill801). Note this officer three part cuff or hat size button was originally used along with the three part coat buttons with double rings, original use of both of these began about 1860.There may be some transitional use of this backmark as the cuffs do not appear to have been redesigned after the war when staff coat buttons using backmarks with the redesigned single ring were issued. Also note that an inner solid ring sometimes appears, this appears to be irregular and likely occured from assembly, and is not thought to have been part of the die design.
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Scovill801, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 65 et seq.

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-Scovill801.html.

Scovill805, (22mm to 23mm)
Backmark: "SCOVILL MF'G CO. / WATERBURY. dm between one outer ring and two inner rings of dots, ca 1860, (Scovill805).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Scovill805, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 65 et seq. This backmark and its use on Kentucky buttons is further explained in Dan Binder article, NST Vol XXV No 5. pg. 34 Figure 2.

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-Scovill805.html.

Scovill808, (23mm to 24mm)
Backmark: "SCOVILL MF'G CO, / WATERBURY. " dm between two rings of dots, shank well forms appearance of second inner ring leaving blank space beneath the bottom ring, ca 1860s, and appears to be transitional, (Scovill808).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Scovill808, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 65 et seq.

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-Scovill808.html.

Scovill810, (21mm to 23mm)
Backmark: "SCOVILL. MFG. CO. / WATERBURY. " dm between rings of dots, no dividers, used on two part buttons, ca 1860s, (Scovill810).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Scovill810, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 65 et seq., [Plate B-6, 16)].

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-Scovill810.html.

Scovill820, (20mm to 21mm)
Backmark: "SCOVILL MF'G CO. / WATERBURY" dm between two rings of dots, no dividers, used on two partbuttons ca 1860s, (Scovill820). Note that there appears to be a period after Co and after Waterbury, and on some examples this may appear to have length like a comma, this is likely due to slippage in stamping or die cutting, or debris in stamping, the convention of the time suggests it was meant to be a period and not a comma.
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Scovill820, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 65 et seq.

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-Scovill820.html.

Scovill830, (20mm to 23mm)
Backmark: "SCOVILL MF'G CO. / (dot) WATERBURY. (dot) " dm between rings of dots ca 1860s, (Scovill830). Note the primary difference between the overcoat and coat version of this backmark seems to be spacing, both otherwise employ the same punctuation. This is a backmark commonly used by Scovill, no doubt they cut more than one die of this pattern. In addition, some buttons will appear to have a well or slight depression around the shank, others are flat. When the well is present, it can give the impression of a second inside ring. This is likely a variation caused during assembly. The depth and width of the dividing dots also seems to vary, the punctuation dots can seem to be commas or vice versa, this likely was caused by variations of the amount of wear on the die when it was used, debris, and pressure differences, but is not believed to be a difference in design.
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Scovill830, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 65 et seq., [Plate B-6, 18)].

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-Scovill830.html.

Scovill840, (20mm)
Backmark: "SCOVILL MF'G CO / (dot) WATERBURY (dot)" dm letters are large, between two rings of dots, used on 20mm staff buttons, this is likely manufactured after the war, (Scovill840).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Scovill840, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 65 et seq.

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-Scovill840.html.

B6902...Federal officer button, eagle with shield, three part officer, "SCOVILL MF'G CO / (dot) WATERBURY (dot)" dm (20mm) Button was intended for officers, depicting patriotic symbolism of eagle grasping arrows for war and olive branch for peace. Backmark: "SCOVILL MF'G CO / (dot) WATERBURY (dot)" dm letters are large, between two rings of dots, (Scovill840). Three part officer button, medium size.
Button.1.Federal.10.Officer.Scovill840, Reference: Albert GS, Tice GS. Style and size is post war. Manufactured after the Civil War.

Nondug button.



Scovill845, (16mm)
Backmark: "SCOVILL MF'G CO / (dot) WATERBURY (dot)" dm letters are large, between two rings of dots, (Scovill845).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Scovill845, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 65 et seq.

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-Scovill845.html.

Scovill850, (23mm)
Backmark: "SCOVILL MF'G CO. / (star) WATERBURY. (star) " dm between two solid rings, ca 1860, (Scovill850).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Scovill850, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 65 et seq., [Plate B-6, 20)].

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-Scovill850.html.

Scovill860, (22 to 23mm)
Backmark: "SCOVILL, MF'G, CO. / (star) WATERBURY. (star) " dm between rings of dots, 1860 to 1865 manufacture, (Scovill860).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Scovill860, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 65 et seq., [Plate B-6, 7].

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-Scovill860.html.

Scovill865, (22 to 23mm)
Backmark: "SCOVILL MF'G CO / (star) WATERBURY (star) " dm between rings of dots, 1860 to 1865 manufacture, (Scovill865).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Scovill865, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 65 et seq., [Plate B-6, 17)].

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-Scovill865.html.

Scovill870, (20 to 21mm)
Backmark: "SCOVILL MF'G CO. / (star) WATERBURY. (star) " dm between outer ring of dots, inner ring of slashes, 1860's manufacture and is transitional, (Scovill870).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Scovill870, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 65 et seq., [Plate B-6, 14)].

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-Scovill870.html.

Scovill880, (22mm)
Backmark: "SCOVILL MF'G. CO, / (shield) WATERBURY. (shield) " dm between two rings of dots, ca 1855 - 1860, (Scovill880).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Scovill880, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 65 et seq., [Plate B-6, 8)].

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-Scovill880.html.

Scovill900, (16mm to 23mm)
Backmark: "SCOVILL MF'G CO. / (star) WATERBURY. (star) " dm small letters inner ring of dots ca 1860s and may be transitional, (Scovill900).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Scovill900, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 65 et seq., [Plate B-6, 5)].

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-Scovill900.html.

Scovill910
Backmark: "SCOVILL MF'G CO / (star) WATERBURY (star) " dm small letters inner ring of dots, manufactured after the Civil War.
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Scovill910, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 65 et seq., [ Plate B-7, 1].
Examples of buttons with this backmark needed.

Scovill920, (23mm)
Backmark: "SCOVILL MF'G Co. (o is underlined) / (star) WATERBURY (star)" dm large letters inner ring of dots, no outer ring, manufactured after the Civil War, (Scovill920).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Scovill920, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 65 et seq.., [Plate B7, 2)].

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-Scovill920.html.

Scovill930, (16mm)
Backmark: "SCOVILL MFG CO / (dot) WATERBURY. (dot)" dm inner ring of dots, manufactured Indian War period, (Scovill930).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Scovill930, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 65 et seq.

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-Scovill930.html.

Scovill932, (21mm)
Backmark: "SCOVILL MF'G CO. / WATERBURY. " dm large letters inner ring of dots, manufactured Indian War period, (Scovill932).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Scovill932, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 65 et seq.

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-Scovill932.html.

Scovill940, (21mm)
Backmark: "SCOVILL MF'G CO. / WATERBURY " dm large letters inner ring of dots, manufactured after the Civil War, (Scovill940).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Scovill940, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 65 et seq., [Plate B7, 4)].

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-Scovill940.html.

Scovill950.
Scovill MFG Co / Waterbury 7th Regt dm single ring. ca post war.
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Scovill950, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 65 et seq., [Plate B-7, 5].
Examples of buttons with this backmark needed. Pic coming, this is ny National Guard 7th regt.

Scovill960.
Backmark:"SCOVILL MF'G CO,/WATERBURY. / (graphic) STATE OF / NEW YORK (graphic)" dm top and bottom are double rows no rings, deep shank well gives the impression of an inner ring, capost war after 1870.
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Scovill960, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 65 et seq., [Plate B-7, 6].

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-Scovill960.html.

Scovill970.
Scovill MFG Co / Waterbury dm no rings. ca post war.
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Scovill970, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 65 et seq., [Plate B-7, 7].
Examples of buttons with this backmark needed.

Scovill971, (21mm)
Backmark: "SCOVILL MF'G CO / WATERBURY " dm large letters with norings, manufactured Indian War period, (Scovill971).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-Scovill971, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 65 et seq.

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-Scovill971.html.


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