Ridgeway Civil War Research Center,
A virtual examination of artifacts of the American Civil War

Civil War Buttons

by Harry Ridgeway


William H. Smith operated generally from the 1830s to around 1858. W H Smith was an outfitter, buttons were generally made by Scovill and distributed before the war to both northern and southern purchasers including the Federal government.
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-SmithWH

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-SmithWH000.html.


This is the "Ridgeway Civil War Research Center", a research tool for educational purposes only, and is provided at no cost to the reader. Some of the relics listed are retained in the author's collection, most reside in other collections and are not owned by the author. None of the items listed in this section are for sale, please refer to relicman.com sales listings for items offered for sale. This is a work in progress, I list items as I get to them, there are many patterns that are not listed yet, this list will be regularly updated as I get pictures and descriptions for more items. I will also correct mistakes, so if you see any please tell me. All items listed are believed to be authentic to the Civil War or as otherwise described. Any excavated relics have been recovered from private property with owners permission. This information is available for research purposes, pictures may be used by permission only.

Most information on this page is from:
Uniform Buttons of the United States 1776 - 1865, by Warren K.Tice.
Dating buttons; A Chronology of Button Types, Makers, Retailers & Their Backmarks, by Warren K. Tice.
Directory of American Military Goods Dealers & Makers, by Bruce S. Bazelon and William F. Guinn.
Record of American Uniform and Historical Buttons, Bicentennial Edition, by Alphaeus H. Albert.
Pictures are generally by the author, unless otherwise indicated
.


William H. Smith operated generally from the 1830s to around 1858. W H Smith was an outfitter, buttons were generally made by Scovill and distributed before the war to both northern and southern purchasers including the Federal government.


SmithWH100, (20mm to 23mm)
Backmark: "W. H. SMITH & CO / (star) NEW - YORK (star)" rmdc on a stippled field, area around the shank is raised, Scovill manufacture 1840 - 1858, (SmithWH100). Note: some examples with this backmark seem to have a raised area around the shank, this may have been caused during assembly and may not be a variant in the die. Also the dash between "New" and "York" may appear weak on some examples, this is likely debris in the die or wear as it appears to actually be present on all examples. Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 141, [Plate B-15, 11].

B4154. Federal dragoon button, eagle with "D", W H Smith & Co New York, rmdc, (20.8mm)

Ref: Albert DR3A6, Tice DR215A35.

B6650. Federal rifleman button, eagle with "R", Wm H Smith rmdc, (22.5mm)

Ref: Albert RF17/19, Tice RF212/215.

B2980...Button 3001 Georgia, SmithWH100
Georgia button, state seal, dome with Constitution over three pillars, "W. H. SMITH & CO / (star) NEW - YORK (star)" rmdc
, (23.6mm). Button depicts the state seal of Georgia, a dome bearing "Constitution" supported by three pillars, "Wisdom", "Justice", and "Moderation", intended for Georgia units. Backmark: "W. H. SMITH & CO / (star) NEW - YORK (star)" rmdc on a stippled field, area around the shank is raised, Scovill manufacture 1840 - 1858, (SmithWH100). Two part convex button, coat size.
Reference: Albert GA1, Tice GA200A5.

Nondug button.


SmithWH105, (21mm)
Backmark: "WM. H. SMITH & CO / (star) NEW - YORK (star)" rmdc, Scovill manufacture 1840 - 1858, SmithWH110). Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 141, [B-15, 11].

B5066. Virginia button, state seal Virtus slaying the tyrant with sword up, low convex, W. H. Smith New - York, rmdc, raised platform around shank, (22.5mm)

Ref: Albert VA4, Tice VA206A7, raised platform around shank, gilded.

B4422. Virginia button, state seal Virtus slaying the tyrant with sword up, low convex, W. H. Smith New - York, rmdc, raised platform around shank, (22.5mm)
B4422.jpg (42060 bytes) B4422B.jpg (39614 bytes)
Ref: Albert VA4, Tice VA206A7, raised platform around shank, silvered.


SmithWH110, (20mm to 23mm)
Backmark: "WM. H. SMITH & CO / (dot) NEW - YORK (dot)" rmdc, Scovill manufactured 1840s or 1850s, (SmithWH110). Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page141.

B6175. Federal artillery button, eagle with "A", Wm H Smith rmdc, (20mm)

Ref: Albert AY78 / 79, Tice AY72.

B4121. Federal infantry button, eagle with "I", W H Smith New York rmdc, (22mm)

Ref: Albert GI, Tice GIUNCL24.

B5994. Federal infantry button, eagle with "I", W H Smith New York rmdc, die variant with long neck and narrow shield, (22.4mm)

Ref: Albert GI, Tice GIUNCL24.

B2496...Button 3001 Georgia, SmithWH110
Georgia button, state seal, dome with Constitution over three pillars, "WM. H. SMITH & CO / (dot) NEW - YORK (dot)" rmdc
, (23.6mm). Button depicts the state seal of Georgia, a dome bearing "Constitution" supported by three pillars, "Wisdom", "Justice", and "Moderation", intended for Georgia units. Backmark: "WM. H. SMITH & CO / (dot) NEW - YORK (dot)" rmdc, Scovill manufactured 1840s or 1850s, (SmithWH110). Two part convex button, coat size.
Button 3001 Georgia, SmithWH110. Reference: Albert GA1, Tice GA200A4.

Dug button. Recovered: Savannah Ga.

B7488...Pennsylvania regiment button, Washington Artillery, "WM. H. SMITH & CO / (dot) NEW - YORK (dot)" rmdc, 22mm
Backmark: "WM. H. SMITH & CO / (dot) NEW - YORK (dot)" rmdc on a stippled field, Scovill manufactured 1840s or 1850s, (Smith.110).
Albert PA46
Collection of Roger Young

B4433. Virginia button, state seal Virtus with sword up, high convex, W. H. Smith New York, rmdc, (21.9mm)
B4433.jpg (37217 bytes) B4433B.jpg (32331 bytes)
Ref: Albert VA9, Tice VA219A3.


SmithWH120, (23mm)
Backmark: "WM H. SMITH & CO. / NEW YORK. " rmdc stippled channel, Scovill manufacture 1850s, (SmithWH120). Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 141.

B4438. Virginia button, state seal Virtus slaying the tyrant with sword down, Wm H Smith rmdc,(22.5mm)
B4438.jpg (32570 bytes) B4438B.jpg (30725 bytes)
Ref: Albert VA13, not listed, Tice VA222A9.


SmithWH200, (22mm)
Backmark:"WM. H. SMITH & CO / (star) NEW - YORK (star)", dm between one outer solid ring, and two inner rings, Scovill produced ca 1840s to 1850s, (SmithWH200). Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 141, [Plate B-15, 10].

B5020. Federal officer staff button, eagle with shield, W H Smith New York, dm, (22.2mm)
B5020.jpg (32905 bytes)B5020B.jpg (39858 bytes)
Ref: Albert GS, Tice GS226A20.

B4956. Massachusetts button, state seal arm and sword, officer staff, W.H. Smith & Co New York, (22.4mm)
B4956.jpg (31288 bytes) B4956B.jpg (40306 bytes)
Ref: Albert MS35, Tice MS210A6.

B6040. New York button, state seal, eagle around shield with "Excelsior", officer staff, Wm H Smith New York, dm, (22.6mm)

Ref: Albert NY28, Tice NY218A4.


SmithWH201, (15mm)
Backmark:"Wm. H. SMITH & Co / (star) NEW - YORK (star)", dm between one outer solid ring, and two inner rings, Scovill produced ca 1840s to 1850s, (SmithWH201). Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 141, [Plate B-15, 10].

B6826. Massachusetts button, state seal arm and sword, officer staff, W.H. Smith & Co New York, (14.8mm)

Ref: Albert MS35, Tice MS210As4.

B3996...Federal officer button, eagle with shield, three part officer, "WM H SMITH & CO / NEW YORK" dm, (15mm) Backmark:"WM. H. SMITH & CO /(star) NEW - YORK (star)", dm between one outer solid ring, and two inner rings, Scovill produced ca 1840s to 1850s, (SmithWH201). Motif depicts 19 stars, 4 arrows in right talon. Recovered Atlanta Ga campaign. Reference: Albert GS, Tice GS226As20

Dug button. Recovered Atlanta Ga campaign.


SmithWH205, (14mm)
Backmark: "Wm H. SMITH & Co / (dot) N - YORK (dot)", dm, two inner solid rings, Scovill produced ca 1840s to 1850s, (SmithWH205). Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 141.

B2665...Button 3001 Georgia, SmithWH205
Georgia button, state seal, dome with Constitution over three pillars, "Wm H. SMITH & Co / (dot) NEW - YORK (dot)", dm
, (13.8mm). Backmark: "Wm H. SMITH & Co / (dot) N - YORK (dot)", dm, two inner solid rings, Scovill produced ca 1840s to 1850s, (SmithWH205).

Dug button. Recovered: Savannah Ga.


SmithWH211, (15mm)
Backmark: "W. H. SMITH & CO / NEW. YORK. " dm inner ring of dots, only used for small size, Scovill manufacture 1850s, (SmithWH211). Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 141.
B6068. South Carolina button, state seal with palmetto tree, W H Smith New York dm inner ring, (15mm)

Ref: Albert SC13 not listed, Tice SC248 not listed.


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