Ridgeway Civil War Research Center,
A virtual examination of artifacts of the American Civil War

Civil War Buttons

by Harry Ridgeway

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-SmithWH
William H. Smith operated generally from the 1830s to around 1858. W H Smith was an outfitter, buttons were generally made by Scovill and distributed before the war to both northern and southern purchasers including the Federal government.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-SmithWH000.html.


William H. Smith operated generally from the 1830s to around 1858. W H Smith was an outfitter, buttons were generally made by Scovill and distributed before the war to both northern and southern purchasers including the Federal government.


Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-SmithWH100
SmithWH100, (two part button, large coat size, 22mm to 23mm).
Backmark: "W. H. SMITH & CO / (star) NEW - YORK (star)" rmdc on a stippled field, area around the shank is raised, Scovill manufacture 1840 - 1858, (SmithWH100). Note: some examples with this backmark seem to have a raised area around the shank, this may have been caused during assembly and may not be a variant in the die. Also the dash between "New" and "York" may appear weak on some examples, this is likely debris in the die or wear as it appears to actually be present on all examples.
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-SmithWH100, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 141, [Plate B-15, 11].

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-SmithWH100.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-SmithWH101
SmithWH101, (two part button, coat size, 20mm to 21mm).
Backmark: "W. H. SMITH & CO / (star) NEW - YORK (star)" rmdc on a stippled field, area around the shank is raised, Scovill manufacture 1840 - 1858, (SmithWH101). Note: some examples with this backmark seem to have a raised area around the shank, this may have been caused during assembly and may not be a variant in the die. Also the dash between "New" and "York" may appear weak on some examples, this is likely debris in the die or wear as it appears to actually be present on all examples.
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-SmithWH101, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 141, [Plate B-15, 11].

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-SmithWH101.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-SmithWH105
SmithWH105, (two part button, coat size, 21mm).
Backmark: "WM. H. SMITH & CO / (star) NEW - YORK (star)" rmdc, Scovill manufacture 1840 - 1858, (SmithWH110).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-SmithWH105, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 141, [B-15, 11].

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-SmithWH105.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-SmithWH110
SmithWH110, (two part button, large coat size, 22mm to 23mm).
Backmark: "WM. H. SMITH & CO / (dot) NEW - YORK (dot)" rmdc, Scovill manufactured 1840s or 1850s, (SmithWH110).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-SmithWH110, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page141.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-SmithWH110.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-SmithWH110
SmithWH111, (two part button, coat size, 20mm to 21mm).
Backmark: "WM. H. SMITH & CO / (dot) NEW - YORK (dot)" rmdc, Scovill manufactured 1840s or 1850s, (SmithWH111).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-SmithWH110, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page141.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-SmithWH111.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-SmithWH120
SmithWH120, (two part button, large coat size, 23mm).
Backmark: "WM H. SMITH & CO. / NEW YORK. " rmdc stippled channel, Scovill manufacture 1850s, (SmithWH120).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-SmithWH120, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 141.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-SmithWH120.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-SmithWH200
SmithWH200, (three part officer button, coat size, 22mm).
Backmark: "WM. H. SMITH & CO / (star) NEW - YORK (star)", dm between one outer solid ring, and two inner rings, Scovill produced ca 1840s to 1850s, (SmithWH200).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-SmithWH200, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 141, [Plate B-15, 10].

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-SmithWH200.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-SmithWH201
SmithWH201, (three part officer button, hat or sleeve size, 15mm).
Backmark: "Wm. H. SMITH & Co / (dot) NEW - YORK (dot)", dm between one outer solid ring, and two inner rings, Scovill produced ca 1840s to 1850s, (SmithWH201).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-SmithWH201, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 141.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-SmithWH201.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-SmithWH215
SmithWH215, (two part button, hat or sleeve size, 15mm).
Backmark: "Wm. H. SMITH & Co / (dot) NEW - YORK (dot)", dm between one outer solid ring, and two inner rings, Scovill produced ca 1840s to 1850s, (SmithWH215).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-SmithWH215, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 141.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-SmithWH215.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-SmithWH220
SmithWH220, (two part button, coat size, 20mm).
Backmark: "Wm. H. SMITH & CO / (dot) NEW YORK (dot)" dm, no rings, ca 1850s, (SmithWH220).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-SmithWH220, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 141.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-SmithWH220.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-SmithWH235
SmithWH235, (two part button, hat or sleeve size, 14mm).
Backmark: "Wm H. SMITH & Co / (dot) N - YORK (dot)", dm, two inner solid rings, Scovill produced ca 1840s to 1850s, (SmithWH235).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-SmithWH235, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 141.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-SmithWH235.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-SmithWH245
SmithWH245, (two part button, hat or sleeve size, 15mm).
Backmark: "W. H. SMITH & CO / NEW. YORK. " dm inner ring of dots, only used for small size, Scovill manufacture 1850s, (SmithWH245).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-SmithWH245, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 141.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-SmithWH245.html.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-SmithWH255
SmithWH255, (two part button, hat or sleeve size, 16mm).
Backmark: "W.H. SMITH. & CO. / N. YORK", dm, one outer and two inner solid rings, Scovill produced ca 1840s to 1850s, (SmithWH255).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-SmithWH255, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 141.

Details click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9901-Backmark-SmithWH255.html.


This is the "Ridgeway Civil War Research Center", a research tool for educational purposes only, and is provided at no cost to the reader. Some of the relics listed are retained in the author's collection, most reside in other collections and are not owned by the author. None of the items listed in this section are for sale, please refer to relicman.com sales listings for items offered for sale. This is a work in progress, I list items as I get to them, there are many patterns that are not listed yet, this list will be regularly updated as I get pictures and descriptions for more items. I will also correct mistakes, so if you see any please tell me. All items listed are believed to be authentic to the Civil War or as otherwise described. Any excavated relics have been recovered from private property with owners permission. This information is available for research purposes, pictures may be used by permission only.

Most information on this page is from:
Uniform Buttons of the United States 1776 - 1865, by Warren K.Tice.
Dating buttons; A Chronology of Button Types, Makers, Retailers & Their Backmarks, by Warren K. Tice.
Directory of American Military Goods Dealers & Makers, by Bruce S. Bazelon and William F. Guinn.
Record of American Uniform and Historical Buttons, Bicentennial Edition, by Alphaeus H. Albert.
Pictures are generally by the author, unless otherwise indicated
.


Ridgeway Civil War Research Center,
A virtual examination of artifacts of the American Civil War
Buttons
Research center, buttons, click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button0000-Index.html.

Research center, buttons, click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button0000-Index.html.

Ridgeway Civil War Research Center,
A virtual examination of artifacts of the American Civil War
Button backmarks.
Research center, button backmarks, click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9900-Backmark-Index.html.

Research center, button backmarks, click: http://relicman.com/buttons/Button9900-Backmark-Index.html.


and now a word from our sponsor.....

Civil War Relicman, Harry Ridgeway,
Civil War buttons, Relicman sales catalog.
Click here, buttons for sale: http://relicman.com/buttons/RelicmanSalesButton1.html.

Sale listings, click: http://relicman.com/buttons/RelicmanSalesButton1.html.