Ridgeway Civil War Research Center,
A virtual examination of artifacts of the American Civil War

Civil War Buttons

by Harry Ridgeway


Superior Quality is a generic or trade mark backmark, this one is believed to have been by Steele & Johnson.
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-SuperiorQualitySteeleJohnson

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-SuperiorQualitySteeleJohnson000.html.


This is the "Ridgeway Civil War Research Center", a research tool for educational purposes only, and is provided at no cost to the reader. Some of the relics listed are retained in the author's collection, most reside in other collections and are not owned by the author. None of the items listed in this section are for sale, please refer to relicman.com sales listings for items offered for sale. This is a work in progress, I list items as I get to them, there are many patterns that are not listed yet, this list will be regularly updated as I get pictures and descriptions for more items. I will also correct mistakes, so if you see any please tell me. All items listed are believed to be authentic to the Civil War or as otherwise described. Any excavated relics have been recovered from private property with owners permission. This information is available for research purposes, pictures may be used by permission only.

Most information on this page is from:
Uniform Buttons of the United States 1776 - 1865, by Warren K.Tice.
Dating buttons; A Chronology of Button Types, Makers, Retailers & Their Backmarks, by Warren K. Tice.
Directory of American Military Goods Dealers & Makers, by Bruce S. Bazelon and William F. Guinn.
Record of American Uniform and Historical Buttons, Bicentennial Edition, by Alphaeus H. Albert.
Pictures are generally by the author, unless otherwise indicated
.

Superior Quality is a generic or trade mark backmark, this one is believed to have been by Steele & Johnson.



SuperiorQualitySteeleJohnson200, (22mm)
Backmark:"SUPERIOR / (star) QUALITY (star)" rmdc on stippled field, very sloppy stamping, Steele & Johnson ca 1850's, (SuperiorQualitySteeleJohnson200). Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 87, (Steele & Johnson), [Plate B-10, 20]
.

B6076 Kentucky button, state seal two figures shaking hands, officer staff, Superior Quality rmdc, (22.1mm)
Reference: Albert KY1, not listed, Tice KY200E3.

SuperiorQualitySteeleJohnson210, (23mm)
Backmark: "SUPERIOR / (star) (star) (star) QUALITY(star) (star) (star) " rmdc,likely manufactured by Steele & Johnson, 1850's, (SuperiorQualitySteeleJohnson210). Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 87, (Steele & Johnson), [Plate B-11, 1].

B6880. Massachusetts button, state seal arm and sword, officer staff, Superior Quality rmdc stars dividing, (23.3mm)
Reference: Albert MS35, Tice MS210J2.


SuperiorQualitySteeleJohnson220, (21mm)
Backmark: "SUPERIOR / (star) QUALITY (star)" rmdc, stippled channel, likely Steele & Johnson ca 1860, (SuperiorQualitySteeleJohnson220). Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons.

B6151...Federal general service button, eagle with shield, "SUPERIOR / (star) QUALITY (star)" rmdc, (21mm) Button depicts eagle facing right with patriotic shield, generally intended for enlisted troops and were widely used by both sides including state units. Backmark: "SUPERIOR / (star) QUALITY (star)" rmdc, stippled channel, likely Steele & Johnson ca 1860, (SuperiorQualitySteeleJohnson220). Two part convex button, large coat size.
Button.1.Federal.15.general service.SuperiorQualitySteeleJohnson220. Reference: Albert GI94, Tice GEN215.

Dug button. Recovered: Charles Town Virginia (now West Virginia) by Brian Irving.


SuperiorQualitySteeleJohnson221, (16mm)
Backmark: "SUPERIOR / QUALITY" rmdc, stippled channel, small size only, (SuperiorQualitySteeleJohnson221). Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons.

B5792...Federal general service button, eagle with shield, "SUPERIOR / QUALITY" rmdc, (16mm) Button depicts eagle facing right with patriotic shield, generally intended for enlisted troops and were widely used by both sides including state units. Backmark: "SUPERIOR / QUALITY" rmdc, stippled channel, small size only, (SuperiorQualitySteeleJohnson221). Two part convex button, hat or sleeve size.
Button.1.Federal.15.general service.SuperiorQualitySteeleJohnson221. Reference: Albert GI94, Tice GEN215.

Dug button. Recovered: Shenandoah Valley, Virginia.


SuperiorQualitySteeleJohnson222, (15mm)
Backmark: "SUPERIOR / (star) QUALITY (star)" rmdc, sloppy stamping, made in small size only, likely Steele & Johnson ca 1860, (SuperiorQualitySteeleJohnson222). Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons.

B6580 Maine button, state seal husbandman and seaman with white pine, officer staff, Superior Quality, rmdc, (15.3mm)

Reference: Albert ME1, Tice ME200Cs.

B5567 New York button, state seal, eagle over shield with "Excelsior", officer staff, Superior Quality, by Steele & Johnson, rmdc, (14.2mm)

Reference: Albert NY30 not listed, Tice NY220Uncl. As21.


SuperiorQualitySteeleJohnson240, (23mm)
Backmark:"SUPERIOR / (star) QUALITY (star)" dm between two rings of dots, sloppy stamping, Steele & Johnson ca 1860, (SuperiorQualitySteeleJohnson240). Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 87, (Steele & Johnson), [B-11, 2].

B4093 Federal officer staff button, eagle with shield, Superior Quality dm between rings, (22mm)

Reference: Albert GS, Tice GS, not listed.

B5041 Federal infantry button, eagle with "I", Superior Quality, dm between rings of dots, (23mm)
B5041A.JPG (38061 bytes) B5041B.JPG (38169 bytes)
Reference: Albert GI85 / 88, Tice GI215A95.

B4794 New York button, state seal, eagle over shield with "Excelsior", officer staff, Superior Quality, by Steele & Johnson, dm between rings, (22.5mm)

Reference: Albert NY30, Tice NY220R2.

B5568...Pennsylvania button, state seal horses with symbols of agriculture and commerce, staff officer, "SUPERIOR / (star) QUALITY (star)" dm, (23mm) Button depicts state seal of Pennsylvania, two horses over a coat of arms with symbolism of agriculture and commerce, intended for officers of Pennsylvania militia units. Backmark: "SUPERIOR / (star) QUALITY (star)" dm between two rings of dots, sloppy stamping, Steele & Johnson ca 1860, (SuperiorQualitySteeleJohnson240). Three part officer button, coat size.
Button.2.Pennsylvania.1.SuperiorQualitySteeleJohnson240. Die pattern features both horses facing right. This pattern is attributed to Steele & Johnson, horse on the right facing over its shoulder is relatively horizontal. Reference: Albert PA18, Tice PA203.

Nondug button.

B4458 Virginia button, state seal Virtus slaying the tyrant, officer staff, Superior / Quality dm between rings, (22.9mm)
B4458.jpg (37130 bytes) B4458B.jpg (36753 bytes)
Reference: Albert VA20, not listed, Tice VA261C4.


SuperiorQualitySteeleJohnson241, (15mm)
Backmark: "SUPERIOR / (star) QUALITY (star)" dm, inner ring of dots, sloppy stamping, only made for small buttons, Steele & Johnson ca 1860, (SuperiorQualitySteeleJohnson241). Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 87, (Steele & Johnson), [Plate B-11, 3].

B4092 Federal officer staff button, eagle with shield, shield with flat top, Superior Quality dm inner ring, (15mm)

Reference: Albert GS, Tice GS, not listed.

B6381 Federal officer staff button, eagle with shield, shield with pointed top, Superior Quality dm inner ring, (14.3mm)

Reference: Albert GS, Tice GS, not listed.

B5121...Federal cavalry button, eagle with "SUPERIOR / (star) QUALITY (star)", (16mm) Button depicts eagle facing right with "C" in the shield, generally for cavalry officers. Backmark: "SUPERIOR / (star) QUALITY (star)" dm, inner ring of dots, sloppy stamping, only made for small buttons, Steele & Johnson ca 1860, (SuperiorQualitySteeleJohnson241). Two part convex button, small size for hat or sleeve.
Button.1.Federal.30.Cavalry.SuperiorQualitySteeleJohnson241.1., (16mm) Die variant shield is narrow. Reference: Albert CV1, Tice CV215.

Dug button. Recovered: not determined.

B5258...Federal cavalry button, eagle with "SUPERIOR / (star) QUALITY (star)", (16mm) Button depicts eagle facing right with "C" in the shield, generally for cavalry officers. Backmark: "SUPERIOR / (star) QUALITY (star)" dm, inner ring of dots, sloppy stamping, only made for small buttons, Steele & Johnson ca 1860, (SuperiorQualitySteeleJohnson241). Two part convex button, small size for hat or sleeve.
Button.1.Federal.30.Cavalry.SuperiorQualitySteeleJohnson241.2., (16mm) Die variant shield is wide. Reference: Albert CV1, Tice CV215.

Nondug button.

B1171...Pennsylvania button, state seal horses with symbols of agriculture and commerce, staff officer, "SUPERIOR / (star) QUALITY (star)" dm, (14mm) Button depicts state seal of Pennsylvania, two horses over a coat of arms with symbolism of agriculture and commerce, intended for officers of Pennsylvania militia units. Backmark: "SUPERIOR / (star) QUALITY (star)" dm, inner ring of dots, sloppy stamping, only made for small buttons, Steele & Johnson ca 1860, (SuperiorQualitySteeleJohnson241). Three part officer button, small size for hat or sleeve.
Button.2.Pennsylvania.1.SuperiorQualitySteeleJohnson241. Die pattern features both horses facing right. This pattern is attributed to Steele & Johnson, horse on the right facing over its shoulder is relatively horizontal. Reference: Albert PA18, Tice PA203.

Nondug button.

B5084 Virginia button, state seal Virtus slaying the tyrant, officer staff, Superior / Quality dm inner ring, (14.5mm)
B5084A.JPG (39245 bytes) B5084B.JPG (35398 bytes)
Reference: Albert VA20, not listed, Tice VA261Cs2.


SuperiorQualitySteeleJohnson250, (19mm)
Backmark: " SUPERIOR / (two graphics) QUALITY (two graphics) " dm betweentwo solid rings, maker not known ca 1840's, (SuperiorQualitySteeleJohnson250). Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons.

B5559 Federal artillery button, eagle with "A", raised shield, Superior Quality dm between rings, (19.3mm)

Reference: Albert AY71 to 76, not listed, Tice AY206A16.

B6018 Federal dragoon button, eagle with "D", raised shield, Superior Quality dm between rings, (19.3mm)

Reference: Albert DR4, Tice DR215, not listed.
Old Court House Civil War Museum collection.


SuperiorQualitySteeleJohnson300,(22mm)
Backmark: "SUPERIOR / (star) QUALITY (star) " dm between two rings of dots, the letters are plain without serifs, manufactured 1880's or later, (SuperiorQualitySteeleJohnson300). Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons.

B6569 California button, state seal Minerva with "Eureka", Superior Quality, dm between rings of dots, letters have no serifs, (23mm)

Reference: Albert CF3. Manufactured late 19th century or later..

B6543 Virginia button, state seal Virtus slaying the tyrant, Superior / Quality dm between rings, letters have no serifs, (23mm)

Reference: Albert VA, not listed, Tice VA, not listed.
Manufactured after the Civil War.


SuperiorQualitySteeleJohnson310,(16mm)
Backmark: "SUPERIOR / (floral) QUALITY (floral) " dm two inner rings of dots, the letters are plain without serifs, manufactured1880's or later, (SuperiorQualitySteeleJohnson310). Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons
.

B7390...Federal general service button, eagle with shield, "SCOVILL MF'G CO. / WATERBURY. " dm, (16mm) Button depicts eagle facing right with patriotic shield, generally intended for enlisted troops and were widely used by both sides including state units. Backmark: "SUPERIOR / (floral) QUALITY (floral) " dm two inner rings of dots, the letters are plain without serifs, manufactured1880's or later, (SuperiorQualitySteeleJohnson310). Two part convex button, hat or sleeve size.
Button.1.Federal.15.general service.SuperiorQualitySteeleJohnson310. Reference: Albert GI98. Shield is raised. Manufactured after the Civil War.

Nondug button. Collection of Undine Deflippo


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