Ridgeway Civil War Research Center,
A virtual examination of artifacts of the American Civil War

Civil War Buttons

by Harry Ridgeway


Blank backs, (no text), northern US manufacture.
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-blankNorthernManufacture

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-blankNorthernManufacture000.html.


This is the "Ridgeway Civil War Research Center", a research tool for educational purposes only, and is provided at no cost to the reader. Some of the relics listed are retained in the author's collection, most reside in other collections and are not owned by the author. None of the items listed in this section are for sale, please refer to relicman.com sales listings for items offered for sale. This is a work in progress, I list items as I get to them, there are many patterns that are not listed yet, this list will be regularly updated as I get pictures and descriptions for more items. I will also correct mistakes, so if you see any please tell me. All items listed are believed to be authentic to the Civil War or as otherwise described. Any excavated relics have been recovered from private property with owners permission. This information is available for research purposes, pictures may be used by permission only.

Most information on this page is from:
Uniform Buttons of the United States 1776 - 1865, by Warren K.Tice.
Dating buttons; A Chronology of Button Types, Makers, Retailers & Their Backmarks, by Warren K. Tice.
Directory of American Military Goods Dealers & Makers, by Bruce S. Bazelon and William F. Guinn.
Record of American Uniform and Historical Buttons, Bicentennial Edition, by Alphaeus H. Albert.
Pictures are generally by the author, unless otherwise indicated
.

Blank backs, (no text), northern US manufacture.


blankNorthernManufacture100.
Backmark: blank back (no text), one part flat button manufactured 1830's or 1840's, (blankNorthernManufacture100).
There are many variations of the true "blank back". Most buttons of the pre 1820 period were flat and blank and some flat buttons of the 1830's were also plain. The buttons of the 1830's were generally more thick and slightly larger than the 1820's, but otherwise a plain flat back with no markings is difficult to distinguish, one maker to the next.

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-blankNorthernManufacture100
Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-blankNorthernManufacture100.html.

blankNorthernManufacture110, (24mm)
Backmark: blank back (no text), with concentric rm rings around shank, ca 1820's, (blankNorthernManufacture110).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-blankNorthernManufacture110, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons.

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-blankNorthernManufacture110.html.

blankNorthernManufacture120, (21mm)
Backmark: blank back (no text), there is a faint outline of an earlier mark, probably this plain back was re-struck over an earlier mark. Armitage manufacture ca 1815 to 1825, (blankNorthernManufacture120).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-blankNorthernManufacture120, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons.

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-blankNorthernManufacture120.html.

blankNorthernManufacture130, (23mm)
Backmark: blank back (no text), concentric raised rings, one part button concave back, maker unknown 1820's or 1830's, (blankNorthernManufacture130).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-blankNorthernManufacture130, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons.

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-blankNorthernManufacture130.html.

blankNorthernManufacture131, (14mm to 16mm)
Backmark: blank back (no text), two concentric raised rings, one part button concave back, small size, maker unknown 1820's or 1830's, (blankNorthernManufacture131).

Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-blankNorthernManufacture131, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons.
Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-blankNorthernManufacture131.html.

blankNorthernManufacture140, (19mm)
Backmark: blank back (no text), two concentric rings of dots, rm, one part button concave back, (blankNorthernManufacture140).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-blankNorthernManufacture140, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons.
Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-blankNorthernManufacture140.html.

blankNorthernManufacture150, (16mm)
Backmark: blank back (no text), one part button concave back, mold seam through the center, manufacturer not determined, 1820's or 1830's manufacture, (blankNorthernManufacture150).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-blankNorthernManufacture150, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons.

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-blankNorthernManufacture150.html.

blankNorthernManufacture170, (14mm)
Backmark blank back (no text), one part flat button with fitted skin, blankNorthernManufacture170.
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-blankNorthernManufacture170, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons.

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-blankNorthernManufacture170.html.

blankNorthernManufacture200, (23mm)
Backmark: blank back (no text), with a channel, rmdc, Scovill generic stock button ca 1850's, (blankNorthernManufacture200).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-blankNorthernManufacture200, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons. page 71, (Scovill Mfg).

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-blankNorthernManufacture200.html.

blankNorthernManufacture201, (21mm)
Backmark: blank back (no text), with a channel, rmdc, Scovill generic stock button ca 1850's, (blankNorthernManufacture201).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-blankNorthernManufacture200, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons. page 71, (Scovill Mfg).

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-blankNorthernManufacture201.html.

blankNorthernManufacture210, (23mm)
Backmark: blank back (no text), single depressed ring, probably Steele & Johnson ca 1860, (blankNorthernManufacture210).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-blankNorthernManufacture210, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons.

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-blankNorthernManufacture210.html.

blankNorthernManufacture211, (14mm)
Backmark: blank back (no text), single depressed ring, probably Steele & Johnson ca 1860, (blankNorthernManufacture211).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-blankNorthernManufacture211, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons.

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-blankNorthernManufacture211.html.

blankNorthernManufacture220, (21mm)
Backmark: blank back (no text), with depressed ring around the shank, made for Mintzer by Steele & Johnson, generic stock back, (blankNorthernManufacture220).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-blankNorthernManufacture220, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons.

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-blankNorthernManufacture220.html.

blankNorthernManufacture230, (21mm)
Backmark: blank back (no text), with a single depressed ring near the rim, maker not known, ca 1860's, (blankNorthernManufacture230). Note, manufacturing was very poor quality, die stampings are often weak, many backs are loose, shanks were fitted and not brazed and are usually loose.
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-blankNorthernManufacture230, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons.

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-blankNorthernManufacture230.html.

blankNorthernManufacture240, (15mm)
Backmark: blank back (no text), with a single depressed ring near the rim, depression around the shank is from assembly, maker not known, ca 1860's, (blankNorthernManufacture240).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-blankNorthernManufacture240, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons.

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-blankNorthernManufacture240.html.

blankNorthernManufacture250, (19mm)
Backmark: blank back (no text), with a two depressed rings around the shank, probably Scovill manufacture, ca 1850's, (blankNorthernManufacture250).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-blankNorthernManufacture250, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons.

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-blankNorthernManufacture250.html.

blankNorthernManufacture260, (13.6mm)
Backmark: blank back (no text), channel with ring of dots, rmdc, probably Steele & Johnson1850's, only used on small size, (blankNorthernManufacture260).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-blankNorthernManufacture260, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons.

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-blankNorthernManufacture260.html.

blankNorthernManufacture270, (16mm)
Backmark: blank back (no text), ring of dots, dm, maker not identified, (blankNorthernManufacture270).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-blankNorthernManufacture270, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons.

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-blankNorthernManufacture270.html.

blankNorthernManufacture280, (20mm to 21mm)
Backmark: blank back (no text), no rings, depressed area around shank, maker not identified, (blankNorthernManufacture280).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-blankNorthernManufacture280, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons.

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-blankNorthernManufacture280.html.

blankNorthernManufacture281, (14mm to 17mm)
Backmark: blank back (no text), no rings, depressed area around shank, maker not identified, (blankNorthernManufacture281).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-blankNorthernManufacture281, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons.

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-blankNorthernManufacture281.html.

blankNorthernManufacture290, (18mm to 20mm)
Backmark: blank back (no text), two concentric rings of dots, deep well around shank, maker unknown, ca. 1850's or 1860's, (blankNorthernManufacture290).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-blankNorthernManufacture290, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons.

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-blankNorthernManufacture290.html.

blankNorthernManufacture291, (14mm to 16mm)
Backmark: blank back (no text), two concentric rings of dots, deep well around shank, maker unknown, ca. 1850's or 1860's, (blankNorthernManufacture291).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-blankNorthernManufacture291, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons.

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-blankNorthernManufacture291.html.

blankNorthernManufacture300, (17mm)
Backmark: blank back (no text), narrow depressed channel is stippled, ca. 1850's, (blankNorthernManufacture300).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-blankNorthernManufacture300, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons.

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-blankNorthernManufacture300.html.

blankNorthernManufacture310, (15mm)
Backmark: blank back (no text), with a two depressed rings, maker not known, ca 1860's, (blankNorthernManufacture310). Note, manufacturing was very poor quality, die stampings are often weak, many backs are loose, shanks were fitted and not brazed and are usually loose.
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-blankNorthernManufacture310, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons.

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-blankNorthernManufacture310.html.

blankNorthernManufacture320, (16mm)
Backmark: blank back (no text), with a deep well around the shank, maker not known, ca 1860's, and could be transitional, (blankNorthernManufacture320).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-blankNorthernManufacture320, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons.

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-blankNorthernManufacture320.html.

blankNorthernManufacture330, (15mm)
Backmark: blank back (no text), slightly depressed channel is stippled, (blankNorthernManufacture330).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-blankNorthernManufacture330, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons.

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-blankNorthernManufacture330.html.

blankNorthernManufacture340, (15mm)
Backmark: blank back (no text), puffed back is convex, small size only, (blankNorthernManufacture340).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-blankNorthernManufacture340, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons.

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-blankNorthernManufacture340.html.

blankNorthernManufacture350, (15mm)
Backmark: blank back (no text), single ring of dots, deep well around shank, maker unknown, ca. 1850's or 1860's, (blankNorthernManufacture350).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-blankNorthernManufacture350, Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons.

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-blankNorthernManufacture350.html.

blankNorthernManufacture900, (23mm)
Backmark: blank back (no text), iron back, two rings, late 19th century could be 20th century, (blankNorthernManufacture900).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-blankNorthernManufacture900

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-blankNorthernManufacture900.html.

blankNorthernManufacture901, (15mm)
Backmark: blank back (no text), iron back, two rings, late 19th century could be 20th century, (blankNorthernManufacture901).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-blankNorthernManufacture901

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-blankNorthernManufacture901.html.

blankNorthernManufacture910, (15mm to 20mm)
Backmark: blank back (no text), iron back, no rings, late 19th century could be 20th century, (blankNorthernManufacture910).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-blankNorthernManufacture910

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-blankNorthernManufacture910.html.

blankNorthernManufacture920, (23mm)
Backmark: blank back (no text), iron back, inner ring, late 19th century could be 20th century, (blankNorthernManufacture920).
Research Center: Button9901-Backmark-blankNorthernManufacture920

Details click: http://relicman.com/Button9901-Backmark-blankNorthernManufacture920.html.


and now a word from our sponsor.....

Civil War Relicman, Harry Ridgeway,
Civil War buttons, Relicman sales catalog.
Click here, buttons for sale: http://relicman.com/buttons/RelicmanSalesButton1.html.

Sale listings, click: http://relicman.com/buttons/RelicmanSalesButton1.html.