Civil War Relicman,
Harry Ridgeway.

Winchester, Virginia USA (changed hands 70 times in the Civil War!).

Ridgeway Reference Archive, Civil War buttons.
Catalog of button backmarks.
S Buckley & Co., Birmingham England.

This is the "Ridgeway Reference Archive", a research tool for educational purposes only, and is provided at no cost to the reader.   Some of the relics listed are retained in the author's collection, most reside in other collections and are not owned by the author.  None of the items listed in this section are for sale, please refer to sales listings for items offered for sale.  This is a work in progress, I list items as I get to them, there are many patterns that are not listed yet, this list will be regularly updated as I get pictures and descriptions for more items.  I will also correct mistakes, so if you see any please tell me. All  items listed are believed to be authentic to the Civil War or as otherwise described.   Any excavated relics have been recovered from private property with owners permission.    This information is available for research purposes, pictures may be used by permission only.

Most information on this page is from Tice or Albert books, the pictures are generally from buttons analyzed by the author.

Samuel Buckley & Co was an established English producer, their backmark was used only on Confederate staff and general service buttons.

Buckley100, (22mm).
Backmark:  "S. BUCKLEY & Co / (dot) BIRMINGHAM (dot) " dm outer ring of dots, inner solid ring, English producer, (Buckley100).
Ref: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 171, [Plate C-1, 3].

B5358     Confederate general service button, "CSA", serif without lines, English wartime manufacture, S Buckley, (22.3mm)
 Ref: Albert CS81B, Tice CSG203B1.

Buckley900,  (22.5mm). 
Backmark: "S. BUCKLEY & Co / (dot) BIRMINGHAM (dot) " dm outerring of dots, inner solid ring.  Mark is similar to the original but employs a distinct modern font style without serifs, believed to be English produced for the 1960's centennial., (Buckley900).
1960's centennial repro.

B4764    Confederate general service button, "CSA", S Buckley, 1960's centennial manufacture, (22mm)
Ref: Albert CS81 similar,     1960's centennial repro.

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