Civil War Relicman,
Harry Ridgeway.

Winchester, Virginia USA (changed hands 70 times in the Civil War!).

http://relicman.com/.


Ridgeway Reference Archive, Civil War buttons.
Catalog of button backmarks.
Waterbury Button Co, Waterbury Connecticut.

This is the "Ridgeway Reference Archive", a research tool for educational purposes only, and is provided at no cost to the reader. Some of the relics listed are retained in the author's collection, most reside in other collections and are not owned by the author. None of the items listed in this section are for sale, please refer to relicman.com sales listings for items offered for sale. This is a work in progress, I list items as I get to them, there are many patterns that are not listed yet, this list will be regularly updated as I get pictures and descriptions for more items. I will also correct mistakes, so if you see any please tell me.All items listed are believed to be authentic to the Civil War or as otherwise described. Any excavated relics have been recovered from private property with owners permission.This information is available for research purposes, pictures may be used by permission only.

Most information on this page is from Tice or Albert books, the pictures are generally from buttons analyzed by the author.



Waterbury Button Co began producing buttons under its own name in 1849 and is the only Civil War button producer operating today. WBC did not produce any buttons for any of the southern states before the war or for the Confederacy, but they did produce large quantities for the north.

Waterbury.100, (23mm).
Backmark: " W. B. Co. / (dot) (star) (dot) WATERBURY (dot) (star) (dot) " rmdc, Waterbury Button Company, ca 1850s, (Waterbury.100).
Ref: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 82, [Plate B-9, 1].

B6096 Connecticut button, state seal grape vines transplanted, W B Co Waterbury rmdc, (23mm)
Ref: Albert CT13B1, TiceCT205B2.


Waterbury.110,
Backmark: " W. B. Co. / (dot) WATERBURY (dot)" rmdc, Waterbury Button Company, ca 1850s, (Waterbury.110).
Ref: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 82, [Plate B-9, 2].
Examples needed.



Waterbury.120,
Backmark: "WATERBURY BUTTON CO. (star)(star) " rmdc, Waterbury Button Company, ca 1850s, (Waterbury.120).
Ref: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 82, [Plate B-9, 5].
Examples needed.


Waterbury.130, (20mm).
Backmark: "WATERBURY BUTTON CO / (star) " rmdc on stippled background, ca 1861 to 1865, (Waterbury.130).
Ref: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 82.

B6012 Federal general service button, eagle with shield, Waterbury Button Co rmdc on stippled field, (20mm)
Ref: Albert GI94, Tice GEN215, not listed.


Waterbury.140, (19.7mm).
Backmark: "WATERBURY BUTTON CO / (star) (star)" dmdc mottled channel, ca1860s, (Waterbury.140).
Ref: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 82.

B5988 Federal general service button, eagle with shield, Waterbury Button Co dmdc, (19.7mm)
Ref: Albert GI94, Tice GEN215A46.


Waterbury.200., (22mm).
Backmark:"WATERBURY BUTTON. CO. / (star) EXTRA. (star)" dm inner solid ring, mark crowds the rim, ca 1850s, (Waterbury.200.).
Ref: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 82, [Plate B-9, 3].

B6362 Massachusetts button, state seal arm and sword, officer staff, Waterbury Button Co, Extra, dm, (22.2mm)
Ref: Albert MS35, Tice MS210F3.


B6447 Massachusetts button, state seal arm and sword, officer staff, Waterbury Button Co, Extra, dm, (22.3mm)
Ref: Albert MS35, Tice MS210F3.
Collection of Larry Lichliter.

B6007 New York button, state seal eagle over coat of arms with "Excelsior", officer staff, Waterbury Button. Co. Extra dm solid inner ring, (22.4mm)
Ref: Albert NY30, Tice NY220I1.


Waterbury.201.Small, (22mm).
Backmark:"W. BUTTON. CO. / (star) EXTRA. (star)" dm inner solid ring, mark crowds the rim, ca 1850s, (Waterbury.201.Small).
Ref: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 82.

B6586 Massachusetts button, state seal arm and sword, officer staff, W Button Co, Extra, dm, (14.6mm)
Ref: Albert MS35, Tice MS210Fsa1.


Waterbury.210, (23mm).
Backmark: "WATERBURY BUTTON CO. / (star) EXTRA (star)" dm between two rings of dots, ca 1860s, (Waterbury.210).
Ref: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 82, [Plate B-9, 4].

B5964 Federal officer staff button, eagle with shield, Waterbury Button Co Extra dm between rings, (22.2mm)
Ref: Albert GS, Tice GS226A22.

B6124 Federal engineer button, eagle with "Essayons", fort and rising sun, Waterbury Button Co Extra, dm between rings, (23.1mm)
Ref: Albert EG6, not listed, Tice EG215G1.

B6570 California button, state seal Minerva with "Eureka", officer staff, Waterbury Button Co , Extra, dm between rings, (22.3mm)
Ref: Albert CF2, Tice CF002A1.

B6741 Kentucky button, state seal two figures shaking hands, officer staff, Waterbury Button Co Extra, (22.5mm)
Ref: Albert KY1, not listed, Tice KY200C1.

B3973 Massachusetts school button, Massachusetts Institute of Technology "MIT", officer staff , Waterbury Button Co Extra, (22mm)
Ref: Albert SU244, Tice MSS395A1.

B3974 Massachusetts school button, "LC", ?, Waterbury Button Co Extra (22mm)
Ref: Albert SU208, Tice, not listed.

B5597 Missouri button, state seal bears around a shield, officer staff, Waterbury Button Co Extra dm between rings, (22.4mm)
Ref: Albert MO2C1, Tice MO205C1.

B6731. New Jersey button, state seal, ladies Liberty and Ceres with coat of arms, officer staff, Waterbury Button Co, Extra, dm between rings, no dividers, (22.3mm).
Ref: Albert NJ7, Tice NJ200C1.

B5714 New York button, state seal eagle over coat of arms with "Excelsior", officer staff, Waterbury Button. Co. Extra dm between rings, (22.3mm)
Ref: Albert NY30, Tice NY220, not listed.

B5475 Pennsylvania button, state seal, horses with symbols of agriculture and commerce, staff officer, Waterbury Button Co Extra, (23mm)
Ref: Albert PA18, Tice PA203C1.


Waterbury.220.LargeCoat, (23mm).
Backmark: "WATERBURY BUTTON CO. / (star) EXTRA (star)" dm, inner rope ring, transition backmark, 1860s to post war, (Waterbury.220.LargeCoat).
Ref: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 82, [Plate B-9, 8].

B4171 Federal cavalry button, eagle with "C", Waterbury Button Co, Extra, inner ring of rope, (23mm)
Ref: Albert CV1, Tice CV215A48.


Waterbury.221.Coat, (23mm).
Backmark: "WATERBURY BUTTON CO. / (star) EXTRA (star)" dm, inner rope ring, transition backmark, 1860s to post war, (Waterbury.221.Coat).
Ref: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 82, [Plate B-9, 8].

B4191 Federal general service button, eagle with shield, Waterbury Button Co dm inner ring, (19.7mm)
Ref: Albert GI94, Tice GEN215A45.

Waterbury.230.Small, (16mm).
Backmark: "WATERBURY BUTTON CO. / (star) " dm, only made in small size, ca.1860, (Waterbury.230.Small).
Ref: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 82.

B1570 Federal engineer button, eagle with "Essayons", fort and rising sun, Waterbury Button Co., dm , (16mm)
Ref: Albert EG6, not listed, Tice EG215G, not listed.


Waterbury.240.Coat,
Backmark: "WATERBURY BUTTON CO. / (star) (star) (star) " dm, inner rope ring, transition backmark, 1860s to post war, (Waterbury.240.Coat).
Ref: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 82, [Plate B-9, 9].
Examples needed.



Waterbury.241.Small, (16mm)
Backmark: "WATERBURY BUTTON CO. / (star) " dm, inner ring of slashes, twisted rope-like, used on small size buttons, 1860s to post war, (Waterbury.241.Small).
Ref: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 82.

B6643. Federal cavalry button, eagle with "C", Waterbury Button Co, inner ring of rope, (16mm).
Ref: Albert CV1, Tice CV215A48.

B5059 Federal infantry button, eagle with "I", split serif, Waterbury Button Co dm inner ring of slashes, (16.2mm)
B5059A.JPG (31262 bytes) B5059B.JPG (33670 bytes)Ref: Albert GI89, Tice GI228As10, (not listed).


Waterbury.250, (23mm).
Backmark: "WATERBURY BUTTON CO. / (star) " dm, large letters, between two rings of dots, 1880s manufacture, (Waterbury.250).
Ref: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 82, [Plate B-9, 14].

B5353 United Confederate Veteran button, "UCV" with Confederate flag, Waterbury Button Co., (23mm)
Ref: Albert CS226B. Manufactured after the Civil War.

B6514 Confederate sons of veterans button,"SV" monogrammed button, officer staff, Waterbury Button Co., (23mm)
Ref: Albert VN20. Manufactured after the Civil War.

B6329 Alabama button, state seal, "Map of Alabama", officer staff, Waterbury Button Co, dm between rings, (23.1mm)
Dug button, manufactured and lost after the Civil War.
Ref: Albert AB1. Manufactured after the Civil War.

B6507 California button, California National Guard, officer staff, Waterbury Button Co, (22.8mm)
Ref: Albert CF4. Manufactured after the Civil War.

B7203...Florida state button, native American, palm tree, and river boat, officer staff, "WATERBURY BUTTON CO. / (star) " dm, (23mm)
Button depicts native American, palm tree, and river boat, symbolism adopted for Florida after reconstruction. intended for militia units. Backmark: "WATERBURY BUTTON CO. / (star) " dm, large letters, between two rings of dots, 1880's manufacture, (Waterbury.250). Three part convex button, officer style, coat size. Dug button, post war manufacture.
Ref: Albert FL4, Tice not listed.


B6421 Massachusetts button, state seal coat of arms with native American and arm and saber above, Waterbury Button Co., dm single ring, (23mm)
Ref: Albert MS32. Manufactured after the Civil War.


Waterbury.251.Small, (16mm).
Backmark: "WATERBURY BUTTON CO. / (star) " dm, single inner rings of dots, manufacture after the Civil War, this is abbreviated small size version of similar backmark with two rings used on large size buttons, (Waterbury.251.Small).
Ref: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 82.

B6335 Federal infantry button, eagle with "I", split serif, Waterbury Button Co, dm single inner ring of dots, (16.2mm)
Ref: Albert GI89. Manufactured after the Civil War.


Waterbury.260, (23mm).
Backmark: "WATERBURY BUTTON CO. / (dot) / WATERBURY CT (dot) " dm, two rings, 1870 to 1890s ??, (Waterbury.260).
Ref: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 82, [Plate B-9, 10].
Examples needed.



Waterbury.270, (23mm).
Backmark: "WATERBURY BUTTON CO. / (star) (star) / WATERBURY / (graphic) CONN (graphic) " dm, two middle rings, one is solid and other is twisted rope-like slashes, bottom inner ring of dots is faint and often obscured by shank brazing, ca 1860's and may be transitional, (Waterbury.270).
Ref: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 82, [Plate B-9, 6].

B5050 Federal infantry button, eagle with "I", split serif, Waterbury Button Co Waterbury Conn, dm with solid ring, inner ring of slashes, (23mm)
B5050A.JPG (39893 bytes) B5050B.JPG (42548 bytes)Ref: Albert GI89, Tice GI228A10.


Waterbury.280, (23mm).
Backmark: "WATERBURY BUTTON CO. / (star) WATERBURY CON (star)" dmbetween one outer and two inner rings of dots, ca 1870s, (Waterbury.280).
Ref: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 82, [Plate B-9, 11].

B4331 Kentucky button, state seal two figures shaking hands, officer staff, Waterbury Button Co., Conn., (23mm)
Ref: Albert KY1, Tice not listed. Manufactured after the Civil War.


Waterbury.290, (22mm).
Backmark: "WATERBURY BUTTON CO. / (dot) WATERBURY CON (dot)" dmbetween two rings of dots, manufactured after the Civil War, (Waterbury.290).
Ref: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 82, [Plate B-9, 16].

B4388 Pennsylvania button, state seal, horses facing inward with symbols of agriculture and commerce, staff officer, Waterbury Button Co Waterbury, (22mm)
Ref: Albert PA18, Tice not listed, manufactured after the Civil War.


Waterbury.300, (23mm)
Backmark: "WATERBURY BUTTON CO. / (WATERBURY CON.) " dm, between two rings of dots, manufacture after the Civil War. (Waterbury.300).
Ref: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 82,[Plate B-9, 7].

B6338 Federal infantry button, eagle with "C", split serif, Waterbury Button Co (Waterbury Con.) dm between two rings of dots, (22.7mm)
Ref: Albert CV1. Manufactured after the Civil War.

B6332 Federal infantry button, eagle with "I", split serif, Waterbury Button Co (Waterbury Con.) dm between two rings of dots, (22.7mm)
Ref: Albert GI89. Manufactured after the Civil War.

B6945. Federal Navy button, eagle over horizontal anchor, fluke is in front of wing, Waterbury Button Co, Waterbury Conn, (22.3mm).
Ref: Albert NA113, Tice NA230A18. Manufactured after the Civil War.


Waterbury.310.Small, (16mm).
Backmark: "WATERBURY BUTTON CO. / (star) " dm, lettering style is plain without serifs, single inner rings of dots, manufacture after the Civil War, (Waterbury.310.Small).
Ref: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 82.

B6866. Maryland button, state seal eagle over a coat of arms with a fisherman and farmer, officer staff, Waterbury Button Co, (16mm).
Ref: Albert MD. Manufactured after the Civil War.


Waterbury.320, (21mm).
Backmark: "WATERBURY BUTTON CO. / (star) " dm, no rings, manufacture after the Civil War, (Waterbury.320).
Ref: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 82.

B6333 Federal infantry button, eagle with "I", split serif, Waterbury Button Co, dm no rings, (20.9mm)
Ref: Albert GI89. Manufactured after the Civil War.


Waterbury.321.Small, (15mm).
Backmark: "WATERBURY BUTTON CO. / (star) " dm, no rings, manufacture after the Civil War, (Waterbury.321.Smalll).
Ref: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 82.

B6330 Michigan button, state seal elk and moose, officer staff, Waterbury Button Co, dm no rings, (15mm)
Ref: Albert MG4. Manufactured after the Civil War.


Waterbury.350, (25mm).
Backmark: "W. B. CO. / (star) WATERBURY (star) " dm, letters do not have serifs, single inner ring of dots, manufacture after the Civil War, (Waterbury.350).
Ref: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 82.

B6601 New York button, New York City, W.B. Co. Waterbury, dm, (25mm)
Ref: Albert NY101. Manufactured after the Civil War.