Civil War Relicman,
Harry Ridgeway.

Winchester, Virginia USA (changed hands 70 times in the Civil War!).

http://relicman.com/.


Ridgeway Reference Archive, Civil War buttons.
Catalog of button backmarks.
Waterbury Button Co, Waterbury Connecticut.

This is the "Ridgeway Reference Archive", a research tool for educational purposes only, and is provided at no cost to the reader.   Some of the relics listed are retained in the author's collection, most reside in other collections and are not owned by the author.  None of the items listed in this section are for sale, please refer to relicman.com sales listings for items offered for sale.  This is a work in progress, I list items as I get to them, there are many patterns that are not listed yet, this list will be regularly updated as I get pictures and descriptions for more items.  I will also correct mistakes, so if you see any please tell me. All  items listed are believed to be authentic to the Civil War or as otherwise described.   Any excavated relics have been recovered from private property with owners permission.    This information is available for research purposes, pictures may be used by permission only.

Most information on this page is from Tice or Albert books, the pictures are generally from buttons analyzed by the author.



Waterbury Button Co began producing buttons under its own name in 1849 and is the only Civil War button producer operating today.  WBC did not produce any buttons for any of the southern states before the war or for the Confederacy, but they did produce large quantities for the north.

Waterbury.100, (23mm). 
Backmark: " W. B. Co. / (dot) (star) (dot) WATERBURY (dot) (star) (dot)  " rmdc, Waterbury Button Company, ca 1850s, (Waterbury.100)
Ref: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 82, [Plate B-9, 1].

B6096     Connecticut button, state seal grape vines transplanted, W B Co Waterbury rmdc, (23mm)
Ref: Albert CT13B1, TiceCT205B2.


Waterbury.110,
Backmark: " W. B. Co. / (dot) WATERBURY (dot) " rmdc, Waterbury Button Company, ca 1850s, (Waterbury.110)
Ref: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 82, [Plate B-9, 2].
Examples needed.



Waterbury.120,
Backmark: "WATERBURY BUTTON CO. (star) (star) " rmdc, Waterbury Button Company, ca 1850s, (Waterbury.120)
Ref: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 82, [Plate B-9, 5].
Examples needed.


Waterbury.130, (20mm). 
Backmark: "WATERBURY BUTTON CO / (star) " rmdc on stippled background, ca 1861 to 1865, (Waterbury.130).
Ref: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 82.

B6012     Federal general service button, eagle with shield, Waterbury Button Co rmdc on stippled field, (20mm)
Ref: Albert GI94, Tice GEN215, not listed.


Waterbury.140, (19.7mm)
Backmark: "WATERBURY BUTTON CO / (star) (star)" dmdc mottled channel, ca1860s, (Waterbury.140).
Ref: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 82.

B5988     Federal general service button, eagle with shield, Waterbury Button Co dmdc, (19.7mm)
Ref: Albert GI94, Tice GEN215A46.


Waterbury.200., (22mm)
Backmark: "WATERBURY BUTTON. CO. / (star) EXTRA. (star)" dm inner solid ring, mark crowds the rim, ca 1850s, (Waterbury.200.).
Ref: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 82, [Plate B-9, 3].

B6362     Massachusetts button, state seal arm and sword, officer staff, Waterbury Button Co, Extra, dm, (22.2mm)
Ref: Albert MS35, Tice MS210F3.


B6447     Massachusetts button, state seal arm and sword, officer staff, Waterbury Button Co, Extra, dm, (22.3mm)
Ref: Albert MS35, Tice MS210F3.
Collection of Larry Lichliter.

B6007     New York button, state seal eagle over coat of arms with "Excelsior", officer staff, Waterbury Button. Co. Extra dm solid inner ring, (22.4mm)
Ref: Albert NY30, Tice NY220I1.


Waterbury.201.Small, (22mm). 
Backmark: "W. BUTTON. CO. / (star) EXTRA. (star)" dm inner solid ring, mark crowds the rim, ca 1850s, (Waterbury.201.Small).
Ref: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 82.

B6586     Massachusetts button, state seal arm and sword, officer staff, W Button Co, Extra, dm, (14.6mm)
Ref: Albert MS35, Tice MS210Fsa1.


Waterbury.210, (23mm). 
Backmark:  "WATERBURY BUTTON CO. / (star) EXTRA (star)" dm between two rings of dots, ca 1860s, (Waterbury.210).
Ref: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 82, [Plate B-9, 4].

B5964     Federal officer staff button, eagle with shield, Waterbury Button Co Extra dm between rings, (22.2mm)
Ref: Albert GS, Tice GS226A22.

B6124     Federal engineer button,  eagle with "Essayons", fort and rising sun, Waterbury Button Co Extra, dm between rings, (23.1mm)
 Ref: Albert EG6, not listed, Tice EG215G1.

B6570     California button, state seal Minerva with "Eureka", officer staff, Waterbury Button Co , Extra, dm between rings, (22.3mm)
Ref: Albert CF2, Tice CF002A1.

B6741     Kentucky button, state seal two figures shaking hands, officer staff, Waterbury Button Co Extra, (22.5mm)
Ref: Albert KY1, not listed, Tice KY200C1.

B3973     Massachusetts school button, Massachusetts Institute of Technology "MIT", officer staff , Waterbury Button Co Extra, (22mm)
 Ref: Albert SU244,  Tice MSS395A1.

B3974     Massachusetts school button, "LC", ?, Waterbury Button Co Extra (22mm)
 Ref: Albert SU208, Tice, not listed.

B5597     Missouri button, state seal bears around a shield, officer staff, Waterbury Button Co Extra dm between rings, (22.4mm)
Ref: Albert MO2C1, Tice MO205C1. 

B6731.     New Jersey button, state seal, ladies Liberty and Ceres with coat of arms, officer staff, Waterbury Button Co, Extra, dm between rings, no dividers, (22.3mm).
Ref: Albert NJ7, Tice NJ200C1.

B5714     New York button, state seal eagle over coat of arms with "Excelsior", officer staff, Waterbury Button. Co. Extra dm between rings, (22.3mm)
Ref: Albert NY30, Tice NY220, not listed.

B5475     Pennsylvania button, state seal, horses with symbols of agriculture and commerce, staff officer, Waterbury Button Co Extra, (23mm)
 Ref: Albert PA18, Tice PA203C1.


Waterbury.220.LargeCoat, (23mm)
Backmark: "WATERBURY BUTTON CO. / (star) EXTRA (star)" dm, inner rope ring, transition backmark, 1860s to post war, (Waterbury.220.LargeCoat).
Ref: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 82, [Plate B-9, 8].

B4171     Federal cavalry button, eagle with "C", Waterbury Button Co, Extra, inner ring of rope, (23mm)
Ref: Albert CV1, Tice CV215A48.


Waterbury.221.Coat, (23mm)
Backmark: "WATERBURY BUTTON CO. / (star) EXTRA (star)" dm, inner rope ring, transition backmark, 1860s to post war, (Waterbury.221.Coat).
Ref: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 82, [Plate B-9, 8].

B4191    Federal general service button, eagle with shield, Waterbury Button Co dm inner ring, (19.7mm)
Ref: Albert GI94, Tice GEN215A45.

Waterbury.230.Small, (16mm). 
Backmark: "WATERBURY BUTTON CO. / (star) " dm, only made in small size,  ca.1860, (Waterbury.230.Small).
Ref: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 82.

B1570     Federal engineer button,  eagle with "Essayons", fort and rising sun, Waterbury Button Co., dm , (16mm)
  Ref: Albert EG6, not listed, Tice EG215G, not listed.


Waterbury.240.Coat, 
Backmark: "WATERBURY BUTTON CO. / (star) (star) (star) " dm, inner rope ring, transition backmark, 1860s to post war, (Waterbury.240.Coat).
Ref: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 82, [Plate B-9, 9].
Examples needed.



Waterbury.241.Small, (16mm). 
Backmark: "WATERBURY BUTTON CO. / (star) " dm, inner rope ring, backmark only used on sleeve, transition backmark, 1860s to post war, (Waterbury.241.Small).
Ref: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 82.

B6643.     Federal cavalry button, eagle with "C", Waterbury Button Co, inner ring of rope, (16mm).
Ref: Albert CV1, Tice CV215A48.

B5059     Federal infantry button, eagle with "I", split serif, Waterbury Button Co dm inner ring of slashes, (16.2mm)
B5059A.JPG (31262 bytes) B5059B.JPG (33670 bytes) Ref: Albert GI89, Tice GI228As10, (not listed).


Waterbury.250, (23mm).
Backmark: "WATERBURY BUTTON CO. / (star) " dm, large letters, between two rings of dots, 1880s manufacture, (Waterbury.250).
Ref: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 82, [Plate B-9, 14].

B5353     United Confederate Veteran button, "UCV" with Confederate flag, Waterbury Button Co., (23mm)
 Ref: Albert CS226B.  Manufactured after the Civil War.

B6514     Confederate sons of veterans button,"SV" monogrammed button, officer staff, Waterbury Button Co., (23mm)
 Ref: Albert VN20.  Manufactured after the Civil War. 

B6329     Alabama button, state seal, "Map of Alabama", officer staff, Waterbury Button Co, dm between rings, (23.1mm)
Dug button, manufactured and lost after the Civil War.
Ref: Albert AB1.  Manufactured after the Civil War.

B6507     California button, California National Guard, officer staff, Waterbury Button Co, (22.8mm)
Ref: Albert CF4. Manufactured after the Civil War. 

B6421     Massachusetts button, state seal coat of arms with native American and arm and saber above, Waterbury Button Co., dm single ring, (23mm)
Ref: Albert MS32.  Manufactured after the Civil War.


Waterbury.251.Small, (16mm).
Backmark: "WATERBURY BUTTON CO. / (star) " dm, single inner rings of dots, manufacture after the Civil War, this is abbreviated small size version of similar backmark with two rings used on large size buttons, (Waterbury.251.Small).
Ref: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 82.

B6335     Federal infantry button, eagle with "I", split serif, Waterbury Button Co, dm single inner ring of dots, (16.2mm)
Ref: Albert GI89.  Manufactured after the Civil War.


Waterbury.260, (23mm). 
Backmark: "WATERBURY BUTTON CO. / (dot) / WATERBURY CT (dot) " dm, two rings, 1870 to 1890s ??, (Waterbury.260)
Ref: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 82, [Plate B-9, 10].
Examples needed.



Waterbury.270, (23mm). 
Backmark: "WATERBURY BUTTON CO. / (star) (star) / WATERBURY / (graphic) CONN (graphic) " dm, two rings between layers top is solid ring, bottom is rope ring, faint inner ring of dots, transition backmark, 1860s to post war, (Waterbury.270)
Ref: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 82, [Plate B-9, 6].

B5050     Federal infantry button, eagle with "I", split serif, Waterbury Button Co Waterbury Conn, dm with solid ring, inner ring of slashes, (23mm)
B5050A.JPG (39893 bytes) B5050B.JPG (42548 bytes) Ref: Albert GI89, Tice GI228A10.


Waterbury.280, (23mm).  
Backmark: "WATERBURY BUTTON CO. / (star) WATERBURY CON (star)" dm between one outer and two inner rings of dots, ca 1870s, (Waterbury.280).
Ref: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 82, [Plate B-9, 11].

B4331     Kentucky button, state seal two figures shaking hands, officer staff, Waterbury Button Co., Conn., (23mm)
Ref: Albert KY1, Tice not listed.  Manufactured after the Civil War.


Waterbury.290, (22mm).  
Backmark: "WATERBURY BUTTON CO. / (dot) WATERBURY CON (dot)" dm between two rings of dots, manufactured after the Civil War, (Waterbury.290).
Ref: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 82, [Plate B-9, 16].

B4388     Pennsylvania button, state seal, horses facing inward with symbols of agriculture and commerce, staff officer, Waterbury Button Co Waterbury, (22mm)
Ref: Albert PA18, Tice not listed, manufactured after the Civil War.


Waterbury.300, (23mm).
Backmark: "WATERBURY BUTTON CO. / (WATERBURY CON.) " dm, between two rings of dots, manufacture after the Civil War. (Waterbury.300).
Ref: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 82, [Plate B-9, 7].

B6338     Federal infantry button, eagle with "C", split serif, Waterbury Button Co (Waterbury Con.) dm between two rings of dots, (22.7mm)
Ref: Albert CV1.  Manufactured after the Civil War.

B6332     Federal infantry button, eagle with "I", split serif, Waterbury Button Co (Waterbury Con.) dm between two rings of dots, (22.7mm)
Ref: Albert GI89.  Manufactured after the Civil War.

B6945.     Federal Navy button, eagle over horizontal anchor, fluke is in front of wing, Waterbury Button Co, Waterbury Conn, (22.3mm).
Ref: Albert NA113, Tice NA230A18.  Manufactured after the Civil War.


Waterbury.310.Small, (16mm).
Backmark: "WATERBURY BUTTON CO. / (star) " dm, lettering style is plain without serifs, single inner rings of dots, manufacture after the Civil War, (Waterbury.310.Small).
Ref: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 82.

B6866.     Maryland button, state seal eagle over a coat of arms with a fisherman and farmer, officer staff, Waterbury Button Co, (16mm).
Ref: Albert MD.   Manufactured after the Civil War.


Waterbury.320, (21mm).
Backmark: "WATERBURY BUTTON CO. / (star) " dm, no rings, manufacture after the Civil War, (Waterbury.320).
Ref: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 82.

B6333     Federal infantry button, eagle with "I", split serif, Waterbury Button Co, dm no rings, (20.9mm)
Ref: Albert GI89.  Manufactured after the Civil War.


Waterbury.321.Small, (15mm).
Backmark: "WATERBURY BUTTON CO. / (star) " dm, no rings, manufacture after the Civil War, (Waterbury.321.Smalll).
Ref: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 82.

B6330     Michigan button, state seal elk and moose, officer staff, Waterbury Button Co, dm no rings, (15mm)
Ref: Albert MG4.   Manufactured after the Civil War.


Waterbury.350, (25mm).
Backmark: "W. B. CO. / (star) WATERBURY (star) " dm, letters do not have serifs, single inner ring of dots, manufacture after the Civil War, (Waterbury.350).
Ref: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 82.

B6601     New York button, New York City, W.B. Co. Waterbury, dm, (25mm)
Ref: Albert NY101.   Manufactured after the Civil War.