Civil War Relicman,
Harry Ridgeway.

Winchester, Virginia USA (changed hands 70 times in the Civil War!).

http://relicman.com/.


Ridgeway Reference Archive, Civil War buttons.
Catalog of button backmarks.

This is the "Ridgeway Reference Archive", a research tool for educational purposes only, and is provided at no cost to the reader. Some of the relics listed are retained in the author's collection, most reside in other collections and are not owned by the author. None of the items listed in this section are for sale, please refer to relicman.com sales listings for items offered for sale. This is a work in progress, I list items as I get to them, there are many patterns that are not listed yet, this list will be regularly updated as I get pictures and descriptions for more items. I will also correct mistakes, so if you see any please tell me.All items listed are believed to be authentic to the Civil War or as otherwise described. Any excavated relics have been recovered from private property with owners permission.This information is available for research purposes, pictures may be used by permission only.

Most information on this page is from Tice or Albert books, the pictures are generally from buttons analyzed by the author.



I am compiling this list of backmarks, as a service for the button collector. As I get good pictures of the backs of buttons (generally from buttons as I have them to list on my website) I am cataloging them more or less according to "Dating Buttons, A Chronology of Button Types, Makers, Retailers & Their Backmarks" by Warren K. Tice. This is meant to be a supplement to that work by photographing the backmarks not pictured in that book, and development of a numbering system. You will still need to refer to that work as there is much information in it that I do not intend to cover in this reference.

It is my intention to photograph and publish (eventually) all of the backs that I get but I will do it piecemeal as I get them so here is a start. My numbering system will reference Tice book, my scheme is alphabetical according to what is seen on the backmarks. So for example, I will list Scovill backs under "S", Extra Quality under "E", even though both may have been listed by Tice under Scovill.

I make no warranties or guarantees whatsoever of any of the data contained in this reference of backmarks, this is a compilation of information only and is provided as a reference tool available for button research. However, if you find that I have made mistakes, please tell me about them and I will make corrections, that is a major advantage of this internet media versus the print media, I can add things and make corrections as we go, I don't have to wait till I have it all to publish any of it.



blank backs, English manufacture..........{Click here for details}.....


blank backs, northern manufacture......{Click here for details}.....
B4678B.jpg (30496 bytes)


blank backs, southern manufacture, Confederate "local" manufacture during the war......{Click here for details}.....
B4816B.jpg (36282 bytes)


American Button, Newwark NJ......{Click here for details}.....


Armitage, George, Philadelphia......{Click here for details}.....


Bellenot, Charles, New Orleans......{Click here for details}.....


Benedict & Burnham......{Click here for details}.....
B4432B.jpg (35176 bytes)


Best..(trademarks various makers).........{Click here for details}.....


Boggett, George, London, England......{Click here for details}.....


Boylan, John F , New York......{Click here for details}.....


Buckley, Samuel, Birmingham, England......{Click here for details}.....



Campbell, S.Isaacs, London, England......{Click here for details}.....


Canfield Brothers, Baltimore Maryland......{Click here for details}.....
B4420B.jpg (45592 bytes)B5009B.jpg (38241 bytes)


Chatwin & Sons, Birmingham England......{Click here for details}.....


Cohn, Herman, New York......{Click here for details}.....


Cordier Freres, Paris......{Click here for details}.....


Courtney & Tennent, Charleston SC......{Click here for details}.....


Crumpton, William Philadelphia, Pennsylvania......{Click here for details}.....


Cullen Brown, Detroit, Michigan......{Click here for details}.....
B4721B.jpg (36883 bytes)


Dale, Thomas N., New York......{Click here for details}.....


Delarue, John, New Orleans......{Click here for details}.....
B5033B.jpg (34402 bytes)


Devlin & Co., New York......{Click here for details}.....


Dowler, W.H., Birmingham England......{Click here for details}.....


E. L. E. London......{Click here for details}.....


Evans, D., Attleboro, Massachusetts......{Click here for details}.....


Extra..(trademarks various makers).......{Click here for details}.......{Click here for details}.....


Fine..(trademarks various makers)......{Click here for details}..........{Click here for details}.....


Firmin & Sons, London England......{Click here for details}.....
B5089B.JPG (37176 bytes)


George Floyd, Philadelphia Pennsylvania......{Click here for details}.....
B4426B.jpg (31282 bytes)



Gilt..(trademarks various makers)......{Click here for details}.........{Click here for details}.....


Jacob Gminder, Baltimore Maryland......{Click here for details}.....
B4452B.jpg (33968 bytes)


Goddard & Brothers......{Click here for details}.....


Goldsboro Rifles......{Click here for details}.....
B4985B.jpg (35059 bytes)


Goodwin......{Click here for details}.....


Gourdin et Cie, Paris France......{Click here for details}.....


Guiterman & Bro. Ann Arbor Michigan......{Click here for details}.....
B5030B.jpg (31309 bytes)


Halfmann & Taylor, Montgomery Alabama......{Click here for details}.....


Hammond, companies, Manchester England......{Click here for details}.....


Harper, Henry C , Philadelphia......{Click here for details}.....


Hassam, Frederick K , Boston Massachusetts...{Click here for details}.....


Horstmann companies, New York and Philadelphia......{Click here for details}.....


Imperial..(trademarks various makers)......{Click here for details}.........{Click here for details}.....


Independent....(trademarks various makers).....{Click here for details}.....


Jennens, Charles London England...{Click here for details}.....


Jones, W. H. Waterbury Connecticut...{Click here for details}.....


Kendrick & Co...{Click here for details}.....


Kent Paine, Richmond, Virginia...{Click here for details}.....
B4437B.jpg (29498 bytes)


Lambert & Mast, Philadelphia, Pa...{Click here for details}.....


Leavenworth companies, Connecticut...{Click here for details}.....


Lewis, E.M. Richmond, Virginia...{Click here for details}.....


Lewis & Tomes, New York and London...{Click here for details}.....


Lilly, M. C. Columbus, Ohio...{Click here for details}.....


London...(trademarks various makers).....{Click here for details}.....


Loud, London, England...{Click here for details}.....


Macullar Williams & Parker, Boston Mass...{Click here for details}.....
B5043B.JPG (31720 bytes)


Mann, J ., Birmingham England...{Click here for details}.....


Meyer, Nathan S., New York...{Click here for details}.....


Miller, T. E., Houston Texas...{Click here for details}.....


Mintzer, W. G., Philadelphia, Pennsylvania...{Click here for details}.....


Mitchell & Tyler, Richmond, Va...{Click here for details}.....
B5068B.JPG (37582 bytes) B5082B.JPG (36042 bytes)


Myers, S. A. , Richmond Va...{Click here for details}.....


Novelty Rubber Co, ...{Click here for details}.....


Pacific Button Co, San Francisco California...{Click here for details}.....


Palanzuelos......{Click here for details}.....
B5005B.jpg (38475 bytes)


Philada.....{Click here for details}.....


Plated....(trademarks various makers).......{Click here for details}.....


Jacob Reed, Philadelphia...{Click here for details}.....


Rich...(trademarks various makers).......{Click here for details}.....
B4419B.jpg (25319 bytes) B4659B.jpg (41544 bytes)


Ridabock & C,o New York...{Click here for details}.....


Rivet'd & Solder'd.....{Click here for details}.....
B4695B.jpg (26752 bytes)


Robinson, R.&W., Attleboro Mass...{Click here for details}.....
B5087B.JPG (46901 bytes)


Rouyer, Casimir New Orleans, Louisiana...{Click here for details}.....
B5362B.JPG (35023 bytes)


Rowley & Co., England...{Click here for details}.....


Schur & Bland, Charleston SC...{Click here for details}.....


Schuyler Hartley & Graham, New York...{Click here for details}.....
B5014B.jpg (33945 bytes) B5021B.jpg (41158 bytes)


Scovill companies...{Click here for details}.....
B4969B.jpg (32739 bytes) B4960B.jpg (42598 bytes)


Silvered....(trademarks various makers).......{Click here for details}.....


Simmons, George W. Boston...{Click here for details}.....


W. H. Smith, New York, and Smith Kemp Wright, England...{Click here for details}.....
B4956B.jpg (40306 bytes)


Snellenberg, Nathan, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania...{Click here for details}.....


Spies, Adam W, New York...{Click here for details}.....


Starkey companies, London England...{Click here for details}.....


State Arsenal, Penna...{Click here for details}.....


Steele & Johnson, Waterbury, Connecticut...{Click here for details}.....


Superior .....(trademarks various makers).......{Click here for details}.....
B5035B.JPG (30143 bytes) B4943B.jpg (27401 bytes)


Tait, P., Limerick, Ireland...{Click here for details}.....


Treble.....(trademarks various makers).......{Click here for details}.....


Trelon, Weldon et Weil, Paris France...{Click here for details}.....


United States...{Click here for details}.....


Van Wart...{Click here for details}.....


Wadams Webster & Co...{Click here for details}.....


Wallis, William, Birmingham England...{Click here for details}.....


Walton Brothers, New York...{Click here for details}.....


Warranted.....(trademarks various makers)......{Click here for details}.....


Waterbury Button Co...{Click here for details}.....
B5050B.JPG (42548 bytes)


Wendlenger, Richmond Va...{Click here for details}.....


Wildt, W., Richmond Va & Columbia SC...{Click here for details}.....
B5085B.JPG (37281 bytes) B4459B.jpg (33155 bytes)


Wise Bielby Hyde & Co, Birmingham England...{Click here for details}.....


Young Smith, New York...{Click here for details}.....
B4932B.jpg (30639 bytes)


Miscellaneous graphic designs...{Click here for details}.....




Ridgeway Reference Library, an archive of Civil War buttons:
much more information about buttons and their backmarks, click here for more information.
.