Civil War Relicman
Harry Ridgeway

Winchester, Virginia USA (changed hands 70 times in the Civil War!)

http://relicman.com/


Ridgeway Reference Library, Civil War plates and buckles
Federal shoulder plates, Regulation 1826, O'Donnell Campbell pattern 462, W H Smith

This is the "Ridgeway Reference Archive", a research tool for educational purposes only, and is provided at no cost to the reader. Some of the relics listed are retained in the author's collection, most reside in other collections and are not owned by the author. None of the items listed in this section are for sale, please refer to relicman.com sales listings for items offered for sale. This is a work in progress, I list items as I get to them, there are many patterns that are not listed yet, this list will be regularly updated as I get pictures and descriptions for more items. I will also correct mistakes, so if you see any please tell me. All items listed are believed to be authentic to the Civil War or as otherwise described. Any excavated relics have been recovered from private property with owners permission. This information is available for research purposes, pictures may be used by permission only.

Most information on this page is from:
Plates and Buckles of the American Military 1795 - 1874, by Sydney C. Kerksis
Confederate Belt Buckles & Plates, by Steve E Mullinax
American Military Belt Plates, by Michael J. O'Donnell & J.Duncan Campbell


Use of the round shoulder plate was approved with the regulation of 1826, most were manufactured 1850's through end of the Civil War. Designed as adornment only for the shoulder strap, the plate was die struck on thin brass sheet, solder filled, wire loop hooks. Plate is usually configured with two iron loop hooks for the enlisted soldier, but is sometimes configured with three iron hooks for the non-commissioned officer.



Federal round shoulder plate, regulation 1826, eagle, W.H. Smith pattern 462
Plate depicts patriotic eagle, and was used by the Federal army as well as the states. Shoulder plate is round following the Federal Regulation of 1826, most were manufactured 1850's through end of the Civil War, and was used as ornamentation on the shoulder strap. This die pattern is attributed to W. H Smith, Brooklyn NY and depicts eagle with graceful detail, right wing shows feathers progressing in size, slight ruffle but no break, arrow tails are feathery. Brass plate is stamped on thin sheet brass, solder filled, configured as an enlisted shoulder plate, two iron hooks are formed on a loop with ends bent upward. Most were originally marked: "W. H. SMITH / BROOKLYN".
Ref: O'Donnell & Campbell, Plate 462.

P0025...Federal round shoulder plate, regulation 1826, eagle, W.H. Smith pattern 462.
Plate depicts patriotic eagle, and was used by the Federal army as well as the states. Shoulder plate is round following the Federal Regulation of 1826, most were manufactured 1850's through end of the Civil War, and was used as ornamentation on the shoulder strap. This die pattern is attributed to W. H Smith, Brooklyn NY and depicts eagle with graceful detail, right wing shows feathers progressing in size, slight ruffle but no break, arrow tails are feathery. Brass plate is stamped on thin sheet brass, configured as an enlisted shoulder plate, two iron hooks are formed on a loop with ends bent upward, imbedded in solder backing. Most were originally marked: "W. H. SMITH / BROOKLYN". Plate measures 65.5mm (approx., round plate is irregular). Dug plate, 1960's, original convex bend with minor dings and scratches, solder filling is intact with some flaking, both wire hooks intact. Recovered: Battle of Cedar Creek, Virginia, by Harry Ridgeway, in the 1960's.
Ref: O'Donnell & Campbell, Plate 462.
Old Court House Civil War Museum, Winchester, Virginia

P0027...Federal round shoulder plate, regulation 1826, eagle, W.H. Smith pattern 462.
Plate depicts patriotic eagle, and was used by the Federal army as well as the states. Shoulder plate is round following the Federal Regulation of 1826, most were manufactured 1850's through end of the Civil War, and was used as ornamentation on the shoulder strap. This die pattern is attributed to W. H Smith, Brooklyn NY and depicts eagle with graceful detail, right wing shows feathers progressing in size, slight ruffle but no break, arrow tails are feathery. Brass plate is stamped on thin sheet brass, solder filled, configured as an enlisted shoulder plate, two iron hooks are formed on a loop with ends bent upward. Most were originally marked: "W. H. SMITH / BROOKLYN". Dug plate was dug in the 1960's on ground with good drainage, yet shows unusual corrosion. This plate was found at a grave that had been opened on Third Battle of Winchester. Following the battle there were many onsite unmarked graves. Some years after the war, workers employed by the government located and reinterred most of them to the National Cemetery in Winchester. In the 1960's when this plate was found, many of these graves were still visible on the battlefield , the dirt piled in a heap beside the grave, the hole left open after the contents were removed. There is a trailer court at the site now. This plate was found atop one of the dirt piles, and corrosion is from having spent a few years with the occupant, then tossed or lost in the rubble. Recovered: Third Battle of Winchester, Virginia by Harry Ridgeway.
Ref: O'Donnell & Campbell, Plate 462.
Old Court House Civil War Museum, Winchester, Virginia

P0058...Federal round shoulder plate, regulation 1826, eagle, W.H. Smith pattern 462.
Plate depicts patriotic eagle, and was used by the Federal army as well as the states. Shoulder plate is round following the Federal Regulation of 1826, most were manufactured 1850's through end of the Civil War, and was used as ornamentation on the shoulder strap. This die pattern is attributed to W. H Smith, Brooklyn NY and depicts eagle with graceful detail, right wing shows feathers progressing in size, slight ruffle but no break, arrow tails are feathery. Brass plate is stamped on thin sheet brass, solder filled, configured as an enlisted shoulder plate, two iron hooks are formed on a loop with ends bent upward. Most were originally marked: "W. H. SMITH / BROOKLYN". Plate measures 65.5mm (approx., round plate is irregular). Dug plate, original convex bend with minor dings and scratches, solder filling is intact with some flaking, both wire hooks intact, mark is fully legible. Recovered: Shenandoah Valley, Virginia, by Steve Baker.
Ref: O'Donnell & Campbell, Plate 462.
Old Court House Civil War Museum, Winchester, Virginia

P1652...Federal round shoulder plate, regulation 1826, eagle, W.H. Smith pattern 462.
Plate depicts patriotic eagle, and was used by the Federal army as well as the states. Shoulder plate is round following the Federal Regulation of 1826, most were manufactured 1850's through end of the Civil War, and was used as ornamentation on the shoulder strap. This die pattern is attributed to W. H Smith, Brooklyn NY and depicts eagle with graceful detail, right wing shows feathers progressing in size, slight ruffle but no break, arrow tails are feathery. Brass plate is stamped on thin sheet brass, solder filled, configured as an enlisted shoulder plate, two iron hooks are formed on a loop with ends bent upward. Most were originally marked: "W. H. SMITH / BROOKLYN". Plate measures 65mm (approx.). Dug plate, both hooks intact, maker mark is legible. Recovered: not known.
Ref: O'Donnell & Campbell, Plate 462.

P1753...Federal round shoulder plate, regulation 1826, eagle, W.H. Smith pattern 462.
Plate depicts patriotic eagle, and was used by the Federal army as well as the states. Shoulder plate is round following the Federal Regulation of 1826, most were manufactured 1850's through end of the Civil War, and was used as ornamentation on the shoulder strap. This die pattern is attributed to W. H Smith, Brooklyn NY and depicts eagle with graceful detail, right wing shows feathers progressing in size, slight ruffle but no break, arrow tails are feathery. Brass plate is stamped on thin sheet brass, solder filled, configured as an enlisted shoulder plate, two iron hooks are formed on a loop with ends bent upward. Most were originally marked: "W. H. SMITH / BROOKLYN". Plate measures 65mm (approx., round plate is irregular). Dug plate, original convex curve with minor dings and scratches, iron hooks intact but bent, solder filling intact with minor flaking, mark is weak but definite. Recovered: Fredericksburg, Virginia.
Ref: O'Donnell & Campbell, Plate 462.

P1784...Federal round shoulder plate, regulation 1826, eagle, W.H. Smith pattern 462.
Plate depicts patriotic eagle, and was used by the Federal army as well as the states. Shoulder plate is round following the Federal Regulation of 1826, most were manufactured 1850's through end of the Civil War, and was used as ornamentation on the shoulder strap. This die pattern is attributed to W. H Smith, Brooklyn NY and depicts eagle with graceful detail, right wing shows feathers progressing in size, slight ruffle but no break, arrow tails are feathery. Brass plate is stamped on thin sheet brass, solder filled, configured as an enlisted shoulder plate, two iron hooks are formed on a loop with ends bent upward. Most were originally marked: "W. H. SMITH / BROOKLYN". Plate measures 65mm (approx., round plate is irregular). Dug plate, one hook present, back intact but flaking, mark not visible. Recovered Chancellorsville, Virginia in the 1970's.
Ref: O'Donnell & Campbell, Plate 462.

P1824...Federal round shoulder plate, regulation 1826, eagle, W.H. Smith pattern 462.
Plate depicts patriotic eagle, and was used by the Federal army as well as the states. Shoulder plate is round following the Federal Regulation of 1826, most were manufactured 1850's through end of the Civil War, and was used as ornamentation on the shoulder strap. This die pattern is attributed to W. H Smith, Brooklyn NY and depicts eagle with graceful detail, right wing shows feathers progressing in size, slight ruffle but no break, arrow tails are feathery. Brass plate is stamped on thin sheet brass, solder filled, configured as an enlisted shoulder plate, two iron hooks are formed on a loop with ends bent upward. Plate measures: 66mm, approx. dug plate, hooks missing. Recovered: Williamsburg Maryland, Antietam 1862 campaign.
Ref: O'Donnell & Campbell, Plate 462.

P1845...Federal round shoulder plate, regulation 1826, eagle, W.H. Smith pattern 462.
Plate depicts patriotic eagle, and was used by the Federal army as well as the states. Shoulder plate is round following the Federal Regulation of 1826, most were manufactured 1850's through end of the Civil War, and was used as ornamentation on the shoulder strap. This die pattern is attributed to W. H Smith, Brooklyn NY and depicts eagle with graceful detail, right wing shows feathers progressing in size, slight ruffle but no break, arrow tails are feathery. Brass plate is stamped on thin sheet brass, solder filled, configured as an enlisted shoulder plate, two iron hooks are formed on a loop with ends bent upward. Plate measures: 65mm, approx. Dug plate has been cleaned, hooks missing. Recovered: Shenandoah Valley, Virginia.
Ref: O'Donnell & Campbell, Plate 462.

P1946...Federal round shoulder plate, regulation 1826, eagle, W.H. Smith pattern 462.
Plate depicts patriotic eagle, and was used by the Federal army as well as the states. Shoulder plate is round following the Federal Regulation of 1826, most were manufactured 1850's through end of the Civil War, and was used as ornamentation on the shoulder strap. This die pattern is attributed to W. H Smith, Brooklyn NY and depicts eagle with graceful detail, right wing shows feathers progressing in size, slight ruffle but no break, arrow tails are feathery. Brass plate is stamped on thin sheet brass, solder filled, configured as an enlisted shoulder plate, two iron hooks are formed on a loop with ends bent upward. Plate measures 62mm approx. Dug plate, hooks missing. Recovered: not known.
Ref: O'Donnell & Campbell, Plate 462.


Federal round shoulder plate, regulation 1826, eagle, NCO, W.H. Smith pattern 462
Plate depicts patriotic eagle, and was used by the Federal army as well as the states. Shoulder plate is round following the Federal Regulation of 1826, most were manufactured 1850's through end of the Civil War, and was used as ornamentation on the shoulder strap. This pattern with three hooks was intended for the non commissioned officer. This die pattern is attributed to W. H Smith, Brooklyn NY and depicts eagle with graceful detail, right wing shows feathers progressing in size, slight ruffle but no break, arrow tails are feathery. Brass plate is stamped on thin sheet brass, solder filled, configured as an enlisted shoulder plate, two iron hooks are formed on a loop with ends bent upward. Most were originally marked: "W. H. SMITH / BROOKLYN".
Ref: O'Donnell & Campbell, Plate 462.

P0385...Federal round shoulder plate, regulation 1826, eagle, NCO, W.H. Smith pattern 462.
Plate depicts patriotic eagle, and was used by the Federal army as well as the states. Shoulder plate is round following the Federal Regulation of 1826, most were manufactured 1850's through end of the Civil War, and was used as ornamentation on the shoulder strap. This pattern with three hooks was intended for the non commissioned officer. This die pattern is attributed to W. H Smith, Brooklyn NY and depicts eagle with graceful detail, right wing shows feathers progressing in size, slight ruffle but no break, arrow tails are feathery. Brass plate is stamped on thin sheet brass, solder filled, configured as an enlisted shoulder plate, two iron hooks are formed on a loop with ends bent upward. Most were originally marked: "W. H. SMITH / BROOKLYN". Plate measures 65.5mm (approx., round plate is irregular). Dug plate, original convex bend with minor dings and scratches, solder filling is intact with some flaking, three wire NCO hooks intact, mark is legible. Recovered: Shenandoah Valley, Virginia by Sandy Herb.
Ref: O'Donnell & Campbell, Plate 462.
Old Court House Civil War Museum, Winchester, Virginia