Civil War Relicman
Harry Ridgeway
Winchester, Virginia USA (changed hands 70 times in the Civil War!)
http://relicman.com/

Ridgeway Reference Library, Civil War plates and buckles
875..Confederate buckles and plates, "tongue" style frame buckles

This is the "Ridgeway Reference Archive", a research tool for educational purposes only, and is provided at no cost to the reader. Some of the relics listed are retained in the author's collection, most reside in other collections and are not owned by the author. None of the items listed in this section are for sale, please refer to relicman.com sales listings for items offered for sale. This is a work in progress, I list items as I get to them, there are many patterns that are not listed yet, this list will be regularly updated as I get pictures and descriptions for more items. I will also correct mistakes, so if you see any please tell me. All items listed are believed to be authentic to the Civil War or as otherwise described. Any excavated relics have been recovered from private property with owners permission. This information is available for research purposes, pictures may be used by permission only
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Most information on this page is from:
Plates and Buckles of the American Military 1795 - 1874, by Sydney C. Kerksis
Confederate Belt Buckles & Plates, by Steve E Mullinax
American Military Belt Plates, by Michael J. O'Donnell & J.Duncan Campbell


Confederate frame buckle, small "forked tongue" style, Confederate wartime manufacture
The "tongue" style frame buckles refers to the class of Confederate frame buckles made using some form of a moveable tongue, either a straight tongue, forked tongue, or double tongues. These frame buckles were made during the war in the Confederacy, they were not used by militia units prior to the war and there was no military need for them after the war. These were simple and highly effective designs that the Confederacy could produce in quantity quickly, and the troops in the field in the early campaigns were equipped with them. This pattern employed a forked tongue on a small sized frame. The originals of these plates are fairly crude, and of course the fakes are made from these so they are crude as well, There is no sure fire way to know the authenticity of any of the plates, other than by irrefutable documentation of ownership or provenance. However an attempt is being made here to narrow the possibilities by showing multiple examples, hopefully by comparison conclusions can be drawn and and judgments made. I plan to add many more examples as I can find them to publish.
Ref: Mullinax Expanded Edition, Plate 175 to 177.

P1227...Confederate frame buckle, small "forked tongue" style, Confederate wartime manufacture.
P1227A.JPG (33113 bytes) P1227B.JPG (30832 bytes) The "tongue" style frame buckles refers to the class of Confederate frame buckles made using some form of a moveable tongue, either a straight tongue, forked tongue, or double tongues. These frame buckles were made during the war in the Confederacy, they were not used by militia units prior to the war and there was no military need for them after the war. These were simple and highly effective designs that the Confederacy could produce in quantity quickly, and the troops in the field in the early campaigns were equipped with them. This pattern employed a forked tongue on a small sized frame. Plate measures 58mm X 71mm. Dug buckle, no significant bends or breaks, tongue intact. Recovered: Port Hudson, Louisiana by Emile Mancuso.
Ref: Mullinax Expanded Edition, Plate 175 to 177.


Confederate frame buckle, medium "forked tongue" style, Confederate wartime manufacture
The "tongue" style frame buckles refers to the class of Confederate frame buckles made using some form of a moveable tongue, either a straight tongue, forked tongue, or double tongues. These frame buckles were made during the war in the Confederacy, they were not used by militia units prior to the war and there was no military need for them after the war. These were simple and highly effective designs that the Confederacy could produce in quantity quickly, and the troops in the field in the early campaigns were equipped with them. This pattern employed a forked tongue on a medium sized frame. The originals of these plates are fairly crude, and of course the fakes are made from these so they are crude as well, There is no sure fire way to know the authenticity of any of the plates, other than by irrefutable documentation of ownership or provenance. However an attempt is being made here to narrow the possibilities by showing multiple examples, hopefully by comparison conclusions can be drawn and and judgments made. I plan to add many more examples as I can find them to publish.
Ref: Mullinax Expanded Edition, Plate 178.

P0361...Confederate frame buckle, medium "forked tongue" style, Confederate wartime manufacture.
P0361.JPG (32312 bytes) P0361B.JPG (36376 bytes) The "tongue" style frame buckles refers to the class of Confederate frame buckles made using some form of a moveable tongue, either a straight tongue, forked tongue, or double tongues. These frame buckles were made during the war in the Confederacy, they were not used by militia units prior to the war and there was no military need for them after the war. These were simple and highly effective designs that the Confederacy could produce in quantity quickly, and the troops in the field in the early campaigns were equipped with them. This pattern employed a forked tongue on a medium sized frame. Plate measures 57.2 to 57.7mm (not square) mm X 89.5 to 90.0mm. Dug buckle, no significant bends and brakes, fork tongue is intact. Recovered: Pumpkin Ridge, Clearbrook, Virginia, by Harry Ridgeway in the 1960's.
Ref: Mullinax Expanded Edition, Plate 178.
Old Court House Civil War Museum, Winchester, Virginia.


Confederate frame buckle, large "forked tongue" style, Confederate wartime manufacture
The "tongue" style frame buckles refers to the class of Confederate frame buckles made using some form of a moveable tongue, either a straight tongue, forked tongue, or double tongues. These frame buckles were made during the war in the Confederacy, they were not used by militia units prior to the war and there was no military need for them after the war. These were simple and highly effective designs that the Confederacy could produce in quantity quickly, and the troops in the field in the early campaigns were equipped with them. This pattern employed a forked tongue on a large sized frame. The originals of these plates are fairly crude, and of course the fakes are made from these so they are crude as well, There is no sure fire way to know the authenticity of any of the plates, other than by irrefutable documentation of ownership or provenance. However an attempt is being made here to narrow the possibilities by showing multiple examples, hopefully by comparison conclusions can be drawn and and judgments made. I plan to add many more examples as I can find them to publish.
Ref: Mullinax Expanded Edition, Plate 179.

P1850...Confederate frame buckle, large "forked tongue" style, Confederate wartime manufacture.
The "tongue" style frame buckles refers to the class of Confederate frame buckles made using some form of a moveable tongue, either a straight tongue, forked tongue, or double tongues. These frame buckles were made during the war in the Confederacy, they were not used by militia units prior to the war and there was no military need for them after the war. These were simple and highly effective designs that the Confederacy could produce in quantity quickly, and the troops in the field in the early campaigns were equipped with them. This pattern employed a forked tongue on a large sized frame. Plate measures 64mm x 97mm. Recovered: in a garden west of Winchester.
Ref: Mullinax Expanded Edition, plate 179, (with variances).
Old Court House Civil War Museum, Winchester, Virginia, collection of Steve Ritter


Confederate frame buckle, "U tongue" style, Confederate wartime manufacture
The "tongue" style frame buckles refers to the class of Confederate frame buckles made using some form of a moveable tongue, either a straight tongue, forked tongue, or double tongues. These frame buckles were made during the war in the Confederacy, they were not used by militia units prior to the war and there was no military need for them after the war. These were simple and highly effective designs that the Confederacy could produce in quantity quickly, and the troops in the field in the early campaigns were equipped with them. This pattern employed a "U" tongue. The originals of these plates are fairly crude, and of course the fakes are made from these so they are crude as well, There is no sure fire way to know the authenticity of any of the plates, other than by irrefutable documentation of ownership or provenance. However an attempt is being made here to narrow the possibilities by showing multiple examples, hopefully by comparison conclusions can be drawn and and judgments made. I plan to add many more examples as I can find them to publish.
Ref: Mullinax Expanded Edition, Plate 180 to 182.

P1861...Confederate frame buckle, "U tongue" style, Confederate wartime manufacture.
The "tongue" style frame buckles refers to the class of Confederate frame buckles made using some form of a moveable tongue, either a straight tongue, forked tongue, or double tongues. These frame buckles were made during the war in the Confederacy, they were not used by militia units prior to the war and there was no military need for them after the war. These were simple and highly effective designs that the Confederacy could produce in quantity quickly, and the troops in the field in the early campaigns were equipped with them. This pattern employed a "U" tongue. Plate measures (tbd). Dug plate, hook intact. Recovered: Shenandoah Valley, Virginia, by Larry Lichliter.
Ref: Mullinax Expanded Edition, Plate 180 to 182.
Collection of Larry Lichliter.