The Civil War Relicman,
Harry Ridgeway
.

Winchester, Virginia, USA.
Civil War (pre 1898) weapons.

relicman.com.


Ridgeway Reference Archive, Civil War weapons.
Model 1861 contract muskets, S. Norris & W. T. Clement for Massachusetts.

This is the "Ridgeway Reference Archive", a research tool for educational purposes only, and is provided at no cost to the reader.   Some of the relics listed are retained in the author's collection, most reside in other collections and are not owned by the author.  None of the items listed in this section are for sale, please refer to relicman.com sales listings for items offered for sale.  This is a work in progress, I list items as I get to them, there are many patterns that are not listed yet, this list will be regularly updated as I get pictures and descriptions for more items.  I will also correct mistakes, so if you see any please tell me.  All  items listed are believed to be authentic to the Civil War or as otherwise described.   Any excavated relics have been recovered from private property with owners permission.    This information is available for research purposes, pictures may be used by permission only.

All weapons listed on this webpage are strictly manufactured before 1898, and are considered unsafe for actual use.  These are antique collectible weapons of the Civil War (most are pre 1865, unless I state otherwise) and actual firing of these weapons is not recommended for any purpose whatsoever!  Because these are all "pre 1898" weapons, no licenses are required for ownership, but common sense and good judgment should be applied.



Rifled percussion musket, Model 1861 Massachusetts contract, Norris & Clement, configured with Model 1863 modifications, 1863, .58 cal.
   
Springfield Armory supervised the manufacturing and distribution of the Model 1861 muskets.  In order to fulfill shortages, production was subcontracted to a number of private manufacturers.  This contract was issued  for the state of Massachusetts as a Regulation 1861 contract,  however, production did not conform to any of the 1861 contracts.   S. Norris and W.T. Clement, Springfield Massachusetts manufactured 11,000 muskets in 1863 and 1864 and incorporated the improvements of the Model 1863 system.  Musket was designed as a single shot .58 cal. rifled muzzleloader featuring iron buttplate, the old design of "C" shape hammer was replaced with a contoured and beveled hammer, nipple bolster was milled flat eliminating the clean out screw, two leaf sight was utilized, iron trigger guard, three rounded barrel bands were fitted with tightening screws, barrel springs used in the Model 1861 were replaced with internal springs to secure the bands and the ramrod, two strap hooks installed on middle band and trigger guard, tulip head ramrod with threaded end and bulge was replaced with a straight shank, iron nose cap.  Lock is marked "1863" behind the hammer, with eagle over "US" and "S.N. & W.T.C. / FOR / MASSACHUSETTS" in front, flat bolster with eagle.  Barrel is marked "VP" over eagle head, "1863".  Buttplate is marked "US".   Three bands each marked "U".   Inspector cartouches on wood opposite the lock are indicative of government inspection, but under contract for Massachusetts.  Additional inspector mark, "LD" on the barrel, and "C" on the butt.  Barrel is marked "IC", which is "inspected and condemned".  Many barrels condemned for the Springfield contract were used for this Massachusetts contract.  Barrel length 40in.
Ref: Flayderman 9A-331, (1863).

W1034     Rifled percussion musket, Model 1861 Massachusetts contract, Norris & Clement, 1863, .58 cal., configured with Model 1863 modifications


Rifled percussion musket, Model 1861 Massachusetts contract, Norris & Clement, configured with Model 1863 modifications, assembled 1864, 1863, .58 cal.
Springfield Armory supervised the manufacturing and distribution of the Model 1861 muskets.  In order to fulfill shortages, production was subcontracted to a number of private manufacturers.  This contract was issued  for the state of Massachusetts as a Regulation 1861 contract,  however, production did not conform to any of the 1861 contracts.   S. Norris and W.T. Clement, Springfield Massachusetts manufactured 11,000 muskets in 1863 and 1864 and incorporated the improvements of the Model 1863 system.  Musket was designed as a single shot .58 cal. rifled muzzleloader featuring iron buttplate, the old design of "C" shape hammer was replaced with a contoured and beveled hammer, nipple bolster was milled flat eliminating the clean out screw, two leaf sight was utilized, iron trigger guard, three rounded barrel bands were fitted with tightening screws, barrel springs used in the Model 1861 were replaced with internal springs to secure the bands and the ramrod, two strap hooks installed on middle band and trigger guard, tulip head ramrod with threaded end and bulge was replaced with a straight shank, iron nose cap.  Lock is marked "1863" behind the hammer, with eagle over "US" and "S.N. & W.T.C. / FOR / MASSACHUSETTS" in front, flat bolster with eagle.  Barrel is marked "VP" over eagle head, "1864", apparently many of these muskets were not assembled until 1864 after the barrels were produced, this being the most difficult part of manufacture of a musket.  Buttplate is marked "US".   Three bands each marked "U".   Inspector cartouches on wood opposite the lock are are indicative of government inspection, but under contract for Massachusetts.  Additional inspector mark, "LFR" on the barrel.  .Metal appearance pleasing with light brown patina with light pitting , three  leaf sight intact, tulip head ramrod intact, threaded end has been milled to make a point, 3 bands intact, both strap hooks intact, bore needs cleaning, rifling definite, wood solid with dings and scratches from use, mechanics fully  functional, representative example from a scarce maker.  Barrel length 40in. 
Ref: Flayderman 9A-331, (1863 / 1864).

W0555     Rifled percussion musket, Model 1861 Massachusetts contract, Norris & Clement, 1863, .58 cal., configured with Model 1863 modifications, assembled 1864
  

W0816     Rifled percussion musket, Model 1861 Massachusetts contract, Norris & Clement, 1863, .58 cal., configured with Model 1863 modifications, assembled 1864
W0816C.JPG (29145 bytes) W0816D.JPG (37178 bytes) W0816E.JPG (52920 bytes) W0816J.JPG (40047 bytes)

W0994     Rifled percussion musket, Model 1861 Massachusetts contract, Norris & Clement, 1863, .58 cal., configured with Model 1863 modifications, assembled 1864


Rifled percussion musket, Model 1861 Massachusetts contract, Norris & Clement, 1864, .58 cal., configured with Model 1863 modifications.

Springfield Armory supervised the manufacturing and distribution of the Model 1861 muskets.  In order to fulfill shortages, production was subcontracted to a number of private manufacturers.  This contract was issued  for the state of Massachusetts as a Regulation 1861 contract,  however, production did not conform to any of the 1861 contracts.   S. Norris and W.T. Clement, Springfield Massachusetts manufactured 11,000 muskets in 1863 and 1864 and incorporated the improvements of the Model 1863 system.  Musket was designed as a single shot .58 cal. rifled muzzleloader featuring iron buttplate, the old design of "C" shape hammer was replaced with a contoured and beveled hammer, nipple bolster was milled flat eliminating the clean out screw, two leaf sight was utilized, iron trigger guard, three rounded barrel bands were fitted with tightening screws, barrel springs used in the Model 1861 were replaced with internal springs to secure the bands and the ramrod, two strap hooks installed on middle band and trigger guard, tulip head ramrod with threaded end and bulge was replaced with a straight shank, iron nose cap.  Lock is marked "1864" behind the hammer, with eagle over "US" and "S.N. & W.T.C. / FOR / MASSACHUSETTS" in front, flat bolster with eagle.  Barrel is marked "VP" over eagle head, "1864".  Buttplate is marked "US".   Three bands each marked "U".   Inspector cartouches on wood opposite the lock are indicative of government inspection, but under contract for Massachusetts.  Additional inspector mark, "LFR" on the barrel, and "C" on the butt.  Barrel is marked "IC", which is "inspected and condemned".  Many barrels condemned for the Springfield contract were used for this Massachusetts contract.  Barrel length 40in.
Ref: Flayderman 9A-331, (1864).

W1033     Rifled percussion musket, Model 1861 Massachusetts contract, Norris & Clement, 1864, .58 cal., configured with Model 1863 modifications
 

W1074     Rifled percussion musket, Model 1861 Massachusetts contract, Norris & Clement, 1864, .58 cal., configured with Model 1863 modifications