The Civil War Relicman,
Harry Ridgeway
.

Winchester, Virginia, USA.
Civil War (pre 1898) weapons.

relicman.com.


Ridgeway Reference Archive, Civil War weapons.
Model 1861 and 1863 muskets, Springfield.

This is the "Ridgeway Reference Archive", a research tool for educational purposes only, and is provided at no cost to the reader.   Some of the relics listed are retained in the author's collection, most reside in other collections and are not owned by the author.  None of the items listed in this section are for sale, please refer to relicman.com sales listings for items offered for sale.  This is a work in progress, I list items as I get to them, there are many patterns that are not listed yet, this list will be regularly updated as I get pictures and descriptions for more items.  I will also correct mistakes, so if you see any please tell me.  All  items listed are believed to be authentic to the Civil War or as otherwise described.   Any excavated relics have been recovered from private property with owners permission.    This information is available for research purposes, pictures may be used by permission only.

All weapons listed on this webpage are strictly manufactured before 1898, and are considered unsafe for actual use.  These are antique collectible weapons of the Civil War (most are pre 1865, unless I state otherwise) and actual firing of these weapons is not recommended for any purpose whatsoever!  Because these are all "pre 1898" weapons, no licenses are required for ownership, but common sense and good judgment should be applied.



Rifled percussion musket, Model 1861, Springfield, 1861, .58 cal.
The Model 1861 was the primary musket at the start of the Civil War.  Musket was designed as a single shot .58 cal. rifled muzzleloader featuring iron buttplate, "C" shaped hammer, bolster with clean out screw, two leaf sight, iron trigger guard, three flat barrel bands held in place with springs, two strap hooks on middle band and trigger guard, tulip head ramrod with bulged shank and threaded end, iron nose cap.  Musket was manufactured by Springfield Armory, Springfield, Massachusetts.  Lock was marked "1861" behind the hammer, with eagle and "US / SPRINGFIELD" in front, barrel  marked "VP" over eagle head and  "1861", buttplate marked "US", three bands each marked "U", cartouche on wood on left side indicate government inspection.  Round barrel length 40in.
Ref:  Flayderman 9A-313.

W0654.     Rifled percussion musket, Model 1861, Springfield, 1861, .58 cal.

W0772.     Rifled percussion musket, Model 1861, Springfield, 1861, .58 cal.
W0772C.JPG (33543 bytes) W0772D.JPG (30845 bytes) W0772E.JPG (39085 bytes)

W1284.     Rifled percussion musket, Model 1861, Springfield, 1861, .58 cal.


Rifled percussion musket, Model 1861, Springfield, 1862, .58 cal.
The Model 1861 was the primary musket at the start of the Civil War.  Musket was designed as a single shot .58 cal. rifled muzzleloader featuring iron buttplate, "C" shaped hammer, bolster with clean out screw, two leaf sight, iron trigger guard, three flat barrel bands held in place with springs, two strap hooks on middle band and trigger guard, tulip head ramrod with bulged shank and threaded end, iron nose cap.  Musket was manufactured by Springfield Armory, Springfield, Massachusetts.  Lock was marked "1862" behind the hammer, with eagle and "US / SPRINGFIELD" in front, barrel  marked "VP" over eagle head and  "1862", buttplate marked "US", three bands each marked "U", cartouche on wood on left side indicate government inspection.  Round barrel length 40in.
Ref:  Flayderman 9A-313.

W0586.     Rifled percussion musket, Model 1861, Springfield, 1862, .58 cal.

W0806.     Rifled percussion musket, Model 1861, Springfield, 1862, .58 cal.
W0806C.JPG (25864 bytes) W0806D.JPG (36459 bytes) W0806E.JPG (37700 bytes)

W0831.     Rifled percussion musket, Model 1861, Springfield, 1862, .58 cal.

W0855.      Rifled percussion musket, Model 1861, Springfield, 1862, .58 cal.

W0905.     Rifled percussion musket, Model 1861, Springfield, 1862, .58 cal.

W0939.     Rifled percussion musket, Model 1861, Springfield, 1862, .58 cal.

W1123.     Rifled percussion musket, Model 1861, Springfield, 1862, .58 cal.

W1163.     Rifled percussion musket, Model 1861, Springfield, 1862, .58 cal.

W1239.     Rifled percussion musket, Model 1861, Springfield, 1862, .58 cal.
 

W1369.     Rifled percussion musket, Model 1861, Springfield, 1862, .58 cal.


Rifled percussion musket,  Model 1863 Type I, Springfield, 1863, .58 cal.
The Model 1863 introduced "improvements" over the original Model 1861 rifle, most new features were copied from the English Enfields.  Musket was designed as a single shot .58 cal. rifled muzzleloader featuring iron buttplate, the old design of "C" shape hammer was replaced with a contoured and beveled hammer, nipple bolster was milled flat eliminating the clean out screw, two leaf sight was standard, iron trigger guard, three rounded barrel bands were fitted with tightening screws, barrel springs used in the Model 1861 were replaced with internal springs to secure the bands and the ramrod, two strap hooks installed on middle band and trigger guard, tulip head ramrod with threaded end and bulge was replaced with a straight shank, iron nose cap.  Performance was unsatisfactory because the bands too easily worked loose, so the design was discontinued after a relatively short period of use.   Musket was manufactured by Springfield Armory, Springfield, Massachusetts. Lock was marked "1863" behind the hammer, with eagle and "US / SPRINGFIELD" in front, flat bolster depicts an eagle, barrel was marked "VP" over eagle head and "1863", buttplate was marked "US", three bands each marked "U", cartouche on wood on left side indicate government inspection.  Round barrel length 40in.
Ref:  Flayderman 9A-340.

W0481.     Rifled percussion musket,  Model 1863 Type I, Springfield, 1863, .58 cal.
 

W0667.     Rifled percussion musket,  Model 1863 Type I, Springfield, 1863, .58 cal.
 

W0722.     Rifled percussion musket,  Model 1863 Type I, Springfield, 1863, .58 cal., with bayonet
 

W0754.     Rifled percussion musket,  Model 1863 Type I, Springfield, 1863, .58 cal., Indiana inspected

W0886.     Rifled percussion musket,  Model 1863 Type I, Springfield, 1863, .58 cal.

W0986.     Rifled percussion musket, Model 1863 Type I, Springfield, 1863, .58 cal. 

W1056.     Rifled percussion musket,  Model 1863 Type I, Springfield, 1863, .58 cal.
 

W1160.     Rifled percussion musket,  Model 1863 Type I, Springfield, 1863, .58 cal.


Rifled percussion musket,  Model 1863 Type II, Springfield, 1864, .58 cal.
The Model 1863 introduced "improvements" over the original Model 1861 rifle, most new features were copied from the English Enfields.  The Type II modifications were introduced in 1864 to correct deficiencies of the Type I design, namely the tendency of the bands to work loose.  Musket was designed as a single shot .58 cal. rifled muzzleloader featuring iron buttplate, the old design of "C" shape hammer was replaced with a contoured and beveled hammer, nipple bolster was milled flat eliminating the clean out screw, single leaf sight replaced the earlier two leaf sight, iron trigger guard, three barrel bands were rounded, barrel springs initially eliminated in the Type I were returned to use in the Type II, however the internal ramrod spring was continued, two strap hooks were installed on middle band and trigger guard, the tulip head ramrod with threaded end and bulge was replaced with a straight shank, iron nose cap.  This was the last muzzle loading musket produced as a primary military arm.    Musket was manufactured by Springfield Armory, Springfield, Massachusetts.  Lock was marked "1864" behind the hammer, with eagle and "US / SPRINGFIELD"  in front, flat bolster depicts an eagle, barrel was marked "VP" over eagle head and "1864", buttplate marked "US", three bands each marked "U", cartouche on wood on left side indicate government inspection.  Round barrel length 40in.
Ref:  Flayderman 9A-341.

W0477.     Rifled percussion musket,  Model 1863 Type II, Springfield, 1864, .58 cal.

W0478.     Rifled percussion musket,  Model 1863 Type II, Springfield, 1864, .58 cal.

W0480.     Rifled percussion musket,  Model 1863 Type II, Springfield, 1864, .58 cal.

W0545.     Rifled percussion musket,  Model 1863 Type II, Springfield, 1864, .58 cal.

W0756.     Rifled percussion musket,  Model 1863 Type II, Springfield, 1864, .58 cal.

W0811.     Rifled percussion musket,  Model 1863 Type II, Springfield, 1864, .58 cal.
W0811C.JPG (27823 bytes) W0811D.JPG (32365 bytes) W0811E.JPG (31334 bytes)

W0942.     Rifled percussion musket,  Model 1863 Type II, Springfield, 1864, .58 cal.

W0952.     Rifled percussion musket,  Model 1863 Type II, Springfield, 1864, .58 cal.

W0988.     Rifled percussion musket,  Model 1863 Type II, Springfield, 1864, .58 cal.

W1085.     Rifled percussion musket,  Model 1863 Type II, Springfield, 1864, .58 cal.

W1179.     Rifled percussion musket,  Model 1863 Type II, Springfield 1864, .58 cal.

W1263.     Rifled percussion musket,  Model 1863 Type II, Springfield, 1864, .58 cal.