Ridgeway Civil War Research Center,
A virtual examination of artifacts of the American Civil War

Civil War Artillery
by Harry Ridgeway

Research Center: Artillery4626-Parrott
Rifled artillery projectile, Parrott design, Federal manufacture, bursting shell, "case shot", high band rabbeted brass band sabot, Parrott time fuze with a flange, Parrott 10 pounder rifle, 2.9in.
Projectile was manufactured in the Federal arsenals following the invention of Robert Parrott. The sabot system utilized was a thin wide brass band secured to the base with rabbets, referred to as "type II", more flexible than the earlier wrought iron design. However performance was poor, the thin soft brass sabot either failed to take the rifling or had a tendency to separate on firing, resulting in shards of brass flying into the backs of the forward infantry. Use in smaller caliber ordnance was generally abandoned in favor of the thicker type III narrow band sabot. Some of these shells were configured as case shot (approx 9.5lbs to 11lbs. with balls ), or as "common" (approx 8lbs. to 9lbs. without balls). This shell is "case shot", explosive charge with lead balls, and with a time fuze was designed to detonate above the heads of troops in the open field. Fuze employed was a a Parrott zinc time fuze, typically the pattern with a rounded top and flange, an innovation to prevent gas leaks around the fuze causing premature detonations, Jones, Fuzes, pg. 77 upper left, edge of the fuze hole is milled flat. Bottom of shell usually shows a casting sprue which was rough milled. This is the early 2.9 inch pattern, (most are 3 inch). Projectile measures: diameter 2.85in., length 8.5in. (excluding fuze), weight 8lbs. to 9lbs.
Research Center: Artillery4626-Parrott, Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 225.

Details click: http://relicman.com/artillery/Artillery4626-Parrott.html.

Projectile measures: diameter 2.86in., length 8.5in. (excluding fuze), weight 9.9lbs. Sabot separated on firing and is missing. Time fuze intact. Metal is solid, areas of pitting. Projectile is disarmed: drill hole through paper section of time fuze. Recovered: not determined.

This is the "Ridgeway Civil War Research Center", a research tool for educational purposes only, and is provided at no cost to the reader. Some of the relics listed are retained in the author's collection, most reside in other collections and are not owned by the author. None of the items listed in this section are for sale, please refer to relicman.com sales listings for items offered for sale. This is a work in progress, I list items as I get to them, there are many patterns that are not listed yet, this list will be regularly updated as I get pictures and descriptions for more items. I will also correct mistakes, so if you see any please tell me. All items listed are believed to be authentic to the Civil War or as otherwise described. This information is available for research purposes, pictures may be used by permission only.
All excavated artifacts have been recovered from private property with owner's permission.
All projectiles listed have been disarmed.

Most information on this page is from:
Field Artillery Projectiles of the American Civil War, 1993 Edition. by Thomas S. Dickey and Peter C. George.
Civil War Heavy Explosive Ordnance, A Guide to Large Artillery Prjectiles, Torpedoes, and Mines, by Jack Bell.
Artillery Fuses of the Civil War, by Charles H. Jones.
Pictures are by the author, unless otherwise indicated.

Ridgeway Civil War Research Center,
A virtual examination of artifacts of the American Civil War.
Research center, artillery, click: http://relicman.com/artillery/Artillery0000-Index.html.

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